Hammerschmidt, John Paul, 1922-

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John Paul Hammerschmidt was born May 4, 1922 in Harrison, Boone County, Arkansas, the son of Arthur Paul and Junie Taylor Hammerschmidt. He attended The Citadel in South Carolina from 1938 to 1939, then the University of Arkansas until 1941. Hammerschmidt joined the Army Air Corps in 1942. He served with the Third Combat Cargo Group in the China-India-Burma Theater, flying numerous missions over "The Hump" (the eastern portion of the Himalayan Mountains) during World War II. He was awarded the Air Medal with four oak leaf clusters, the Distinguished Flying Cross with three oak leaf clusters, three Battle Stars, and the China War Memorial Medal by the government of the Republic of China. After the war, Hammerschmidt returned to school at Oklahoma A&M in Stillwater until an illness in the family brought him home to Harrison to assume control of the family business (the Hammerschmidt Lumber Company). In 1948 he married Virginia "Ginny" Sharp of Harrison and they had one son, John Arthur, in May 1949. Hammerschmidt became an active member of the Republican Party in 1949. He served as a Harrison city councilman from 1948 to 1954, and again from 1961 to 1962. From 1960 to 1965 he served as President of the Boone County Industrial Development Corporation and in 1964 was head of the Harrison City Planning Commission. In 1960 Hammerschmidt attended the GOP Presidential Nominating Convention as Assistant to the State Chairman. In 1964 he served as a delegate to the Republican National Convention and also served as Chairman of the Arkansas Republican State Central Committee, a position he held until 1966. In 1966 Hammerschmidt defeated incumbent James W. Trimble for the third district seat in the House of Representatives to become the first Republican elected to the House from Arkansas since Reconstruction. He served thirteen terms from 1967 until his retirement in 1993. One of his first initiatives was to sponsor the 1967 legislation to establish the Buffalo National River. During his tenure Hammerschmidt served as ranking member of the Veterans Affairs Committee and also served on the Public Works Committee. He was also active with the Ways and Means Committee, though he was not a member. In 1974 he was appointed to the Select Committee on Aging. In 1977 he was chosen as a delegate to the Middle East Peace Talks. In 1984 he served as a delegate on the first post-Vietnam War "official" party to Hanoi. In 1989 he was appointed to the President's Commission on Aviation Security and Terrorism (PCAST) sent to investigate the terrorist bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. After retiring from Congress in 1993, he served as Honorary Chairman of the Dole/Kemp campaign in 1996 and in 1998 was appointed by President Bill Clinton to the Metropolitan Airports Authority Board of Review.

From the description of John Paul Hammerschmidt papers [manuscript] 1916-2009 (University of Arkansas - Fayetteville). WorldCat record id: 752224735

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Rogers, Jimmie N. Arkansas archives of public communication 1890-1996 (bulk 1974-1986). University of Arkansas - Fayetteville, University Libraries
creatorOf Hammerschmidt, John Paul, 1922-. John Paul Hammerschmidt papers [manuscript] 1916-2009 University of Arkansas - Fayetteville, University Libraries
referencedIn Vada Webb Sheid papers : research files, speeches, scrapbooks, photographs, and other papers, 1934-1987. University of Arkansas - Fayetteville, University Libraries
creatorOf Hammerschmidt, John Paul, 1922-. John Paul Hammerschmidt : commercials , 1988. University of Oklahoma, Political Community Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Aero Club of Washington, D.C. corporateBody
associatedWith Agnew, Spiro T., 1918-1996 person
associatedWith Army and Navy Club (Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Begin, Menachem, 1913-1992 person
correspondedWith Bush, George, 1924- person
associatedWith Carter, Jimmy, 1924- person
associatedWith Cash, Johnny person
associatedWith China-Burma-India Hump Pilots Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Clinton, Bill, 1946- person
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969 person
associatedWith Elizabeth II, Queen of Great Britain, 1926- person
associatedWith Fahd ibn ʻAbd al-ʻAzīz, King of Saudi Arabia, 1923-2005 person
associatedWith Ford, Gerald R., 1913-2006 person
associatedWith Gandhi, Indira, 1917-1984 person
associatedWith Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich, 1931- person
associatedWith Hammerschmidt Lumber Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Harrison High School (Harrison, Ark.) corporateBody
associatedWith Havel, Václav person
associatedWith Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978 person
associatedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973 person
associatedWith Marcos, Ferdinand E. (Ferdinand Edralin), 1917-1989 person
associatedWith Marcos, Imelda Romualdez, 1929- person
associatedWith Mubārak, Muḥammad Ḥusnī, 1928- person
associatedWith Mulroney, Brian, 1939- person
associatedWith Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994 person
associatedWith Peres, Shimon, 1923- person
associatedWith Reagan, Ronald person
associatedWith Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979 person
associatedWith Sadat, Anwar, 1918-1981 person
associatedWith Scottish Rite (Masonic order) corporateBody
associatedWith Thatcher, Margaret person
associatedWith United States. Congress corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress 1967-1968) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress 1969-1970) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress 1971-1972) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress 1973-1974) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress 1975-1976) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress 1977-1978) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress 1979-1980) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress 1981-1982) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress 1983-1984) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress 1985-1986) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress 1989-1990) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House corporateBody
associatedWith University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. Libraries. Special Collections. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oklahoma. Political Commercial Archive. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Arkansas
Subject
Advertising, political
Television advertising
Political Campaigns
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1922-05-04

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SNAC ID: 14932943