Hart, Philip A. (Philip Aloysius), 1912-1976

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U. S. Senator from Michigan, 1959-1976.

From the description of Philip A. Hart sound recordings, 1959-1976. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 747430732

U.S. Senator from Michigan, 1959-1976.

From the description of Philip A. Hart papers, 1948-1976. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34420860

Philip A. Hart was United States Senator from Michigan, serving from 1959 until his death in December of 1976. Born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania on December 10, 1912, Hart graduated from Georgetown University in 1934 and the University of Michigan Law School in 1937. He practiced law in Detroit for four years until the outbreak of war when he enlisted in the United States Army. He served until 1946, and was wounded during the D-Day assault on Utah Beach during the Normandy invasion.

Following the war, Hart returned to the law and embarked on a career in public service. His law school classmate Governor G. Mennen Williams appointed him to the Michigan Corporation Securities Commission (1949-1951); he served as state director of the Office of Price Stabilization (1951-1952), and as United States district attorney of the Eastern Michigan District (1952-1953). As Williams established himself as governor, he relied increasingly on the demonstrated abilities of Hart, serving as his legal advisor (1953-1954), and as lieutenant governor (1955-1958).

In 1958 Hart was elected to the United States Senate where he served for eighteen years, winning decisive reelections in 1964 and again in 1970. Poor health decided Hart against running for reelection in 1976. He died December 26, 1976, a few weeks from completing his third full term.

As Senator, Hart earned the reputation of being an honest, hard-working, and conscientious spokesman for the policies and programs of the Democratic party and for liberal Democratic causes in general. When he first came to the Senate, Hart was appointed to two committees: Agriculture and Forestry, and Judiciary. He remained a member of the Judiciary throughout his three terms in the Senate, serving as chairman of its subcommittees on antitrust and monopoly and refugees and escapees in addition to being a member of various other subcommittees relating to immigration, juvenile delinquency, and patents and copyrights. With less interest in matters of agriculture, Hart in 1963 shifted over to the Commerce Committee, where he came to serve as chairman of its subcommittee on energy, natural resources and environment (name later changed to environment) and vice chairman of its consumer affairs subcommittee. Beyond responsibilities associated with these two committees, Hart was member at various times of the Senate Democratic Policy Committee, the Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs, and the Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities among others.

Although he was a sponsor or key sponsor of many pieces of legislation, Hart himself was proudest of his work as floor manager of the 1965 Voting Rights Act and the 1968 Open Housing-Civil Rights Bill, his championing of the legislation to make Michigan's Sleeping Bear Dunes and Pictured Rocks national lakeshores, and his sponsorship of consumer-related legislation (e.g. truth-in-packaging, truth-in-lending, and truth-in-spending).

From the guide to the Philip A. Hart papers, 1949-1976, 1959-1976, (Bentley Historical Library University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing. Archives. 1945-198? Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Elly Peterson papers, 1943-2006, 1961-1980 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Hart, Philip A. (Philip Aloysius), 1912-1976. Philip A. Hart papers, 1948-1976. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Litzner, Fred W. Fred W. Litzner papers, 1900-1966. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn G. Mennen Williams papers, 1883-1988, 1958-1980 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Thomas J. Dodd Papers, undated, 1919-1971. Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
creatorOf Fitzgerald, John W. (John Warner), 1924-2006. John W. Fitzgerald papers, 1952-1965. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Media Resources Center (University of Michigan) films and videotapes, 1930s and 1948-1986 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Peterson, Elly, 1914-. Elly Peterson papers, 1943-1985. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Michael O’Brien sound recordings, 1987-1990 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Farrell, Lawrence Llewellyn, 1903-1971. Lawrence L. Farrell papers, 1935-1971. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Sinclair, John, 1941-. John and Leni Sinclair papers, 1957-1999. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Owen J. Cleary Papers, 1944-1959 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Hart, Philip A. (Philip Aloysius), 1912-1976. Philip A. Hart sound recordings, 1959-1976. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Jane Briggs Hart papers, ca. 1925 -1996 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn John B. Bruff papers, 1966 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf [Philip A. Hart, biographical materials] University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
creatorOf Bond, Julian, 1940-. Julian Bond papers [manuscript], circa 1943-2006. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gomon, Josephine Fellows, 1892-1975. Josephine Fellows Gomon papers, 1913-1975. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Josephine Fellows Gomon papers, 1913-1975 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Talbot Smith papers, 1918-1978 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Lemble, George Francis, 1924-1974. George Francis Lemble papers, 1958-1968. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Harlan Henthorne Hatcher Papers, 1837-1998, 1891-1986 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Publicity photographs of U.S. Senator Hugh Scott, 1958-1973. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hatcher, Harlan, 1898-1998. Harlan Henthorne Hatcher papers, 1837-1998 (bulk 1891-1986). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Edwards, George Clifton, 1940-. George Clifton Edwards papers, 1962-1963. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf McKay, Frank D., 1883-. Frank McKay papers, 1909-1965. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf McKay, Frank D., 1883-. Frank D. McKay papers, 1909-1965. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Pilch, Alex, 1913-. Papers, 1967-1972. Wayne State University
referencedIn Kowalski, Joseph J., 1911-1967. Joseph J. Kowalski papers, 1958-1967, (bulk 1965-1966). Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
referencedIn Harriett Phillips papers, 1952-1978 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Weinberg, Gerhard L. Gerhard Weinberg papers, 1957-1973. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Lawrence Llewellyn Farrell Papers, 1935-1971 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Hart, Philip A. (Philip Aloysius), 1912-1976. Philip A. Hart : commercials, 1964-1970. University of Oklahoma, Political Community Archives
referencedIn John Warner Fitzgerald papers, 1952-1982 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Kathryn C. Nye papers, 1952-1967 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Stellanova Osborn papers, 1907-1988 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Osborn, Stellanova, 1894-1988. Stellanova Osborn papers, 1916-1992. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Donald S. Leonard Papers, 1925-1966 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn George W. Pray Papers, 1844-1890 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Gerhard L. Weinberg papers, 1957-1973 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Philip A. Hart papers, 1949-1976, 1959-1976 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn O'Brien, Michael, 1943-. Michael O'Brien sound recordings, 1987-1990. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Gillette, Genevieve, 1898-. Genevieve Gillette papers, 1914-1987 (bulk 1951-1980). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn American Medical Association. Dept. of Investigation. Records. Obesity Cures, 1899-1983. American Medical Association,James S. Todd Memorial Library
creatorOf Sinclair, John, 1941-. John and Leni Sinclair papers, 1957-1979. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Hart, Jane Briggs. Jane Briggs Hart papers, ca. 1925-1996. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Detroit Branch. NAACP Detroit Branch records, 1943-1970. Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
creatorOf Shecter, Louis E. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1965. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Records, 1966-1979 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn William D. Ford Papers, 1955-1995, 1965-1995 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Weinberg, Gerhard L. Gerhard L. Weinberg sound recordings, 1964. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Petitpren, Vincent J. (Vincent Joseph), 1927-. Vincent J. Petitpren papers, 1964-1970. Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
referencedIn Helen W. Berthelot papers, 1948-1996 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Papers, 1918-1993 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn James K. Pollock papers, 1920-1968 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Margaret Bayne Price Papers, 1918-1969, 1947-1968 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn George Murphy papers, 1911-1961 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn George Francis Lemble papers, 1958-1968 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Pollock, James K. (James Kerr), 1898-1968. James Kerr Pollock papers, 1920-1968. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Peterson, Elly, 1914-. Elly Peterson papers, 1943-1997. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Pierrot, George F., 1898-1980. George F. Pierrot papers, 1898-1980 Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
referencedIn Grosse Pointe Human Relations Council. Grosse Pointe civil rights organizations records, 1963-1973. Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
referencedIn Frank D. McKay Papers, 1909-1965 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Democratic Party of Michigan records, 1932-2008, 1950-1994 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Hart, Jane Briggs. Jane Briggs Hart visual materials. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Kaiser, Anthony. Papers, 1946-1979. Wayne State University
referencedIn Metropolitan Detroit Council of Churches. Metropolitan Detroit Council of Churches records, 1920-1971. Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
referencedIn Media Resources Center (University of Michigan) records, 1948-1987, 1948-1987 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Scott, Hugh, 1900-1994. Papers of Hugh Scott [manuscript], 1925-1979. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Alfred B. Connable papers, 1925-1992, 1941-1957 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Farrell, Lawrence Llewellyn, 1903-1971. Lawrence L. Farrell papers, 1935-1971. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Genevieve Gillette Papers, 1914-1987, 1951-1980 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn John B. Swainson Papers, 1943-1975, 1960-1962 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Lane, Garland, 1921-. Garland Lane papers, 1964-1967. Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
referencedIn John and Leni Sinclair papers, 1957-2003 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith American Medical Association. Dept. of Investigation. corporateBody
associatedWith Berthelot, Helen W. person
associatedWith Bond, Julian, 1940- person
associatedWith Bruff, John B. (John Bowman), 1929- person
associatedWith Cleary, Owen J., 1900-1960 person
associatedWith Connable, Alfred B. (Alfred Barnes), 1904- person
associatedWith Democratic Party (Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith Democratic Party (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Dodd, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph), 1907-1971 person
associatedWith Douglas, Paul Howard, 1892- person
associatedWith Edwards, George Clifton, 1940- person
associatedWith Farrell, Lawrence Llewellyn, 1903-1971. person
associatedWith Fitzgerald, John W. (John Warner), 1924-2006. person
associatedWith Ford, William D. (William David), 1927- person
associatedWith Freeman, Orville L. person
associatedWith Gillette, Genevieve, 1898- person
associatedWith Gomon, Josephine Fellows, 1892-1975. person
associatedWith Gore, Albert Arnold, 1907- person
correspondedWith Grosse Pointe Human Relations Council. corporateBody
associatedWith Harriman, W. Averell (William Averell), 1891-1986 person
associatedWith Hart, Jane Briggs. person
associatedWith Hart, Jane Briggs. person
associatedWith Hart, Jane Briggs. person
associatedWith Hatcher, Harlan, 1898-1998. person
associatedWith Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978 person
associatedWith Javitz, Jacob K. (Jacob Koppel), 1904- person
associatedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973 person
correspondedWith Kaiser, Anthony. person
associatedWith Kefauver, Estes, 1903-1963 person
associatedWith Kennedy, Edward Moore, 1932- person
associatedWith Kowalski, Joseph J., 1911-1967. person
correspondedWith Lane, Garland, 1921- person
associatedWith Lemble, George Francis, 1924-1974. person
associatedWith Leonard, Donald S. (Donald Sparling), 1903-1976 person
associatedWith Litzner, Fred W. person
associatedWith Long, Edward V., 1908- person
associatedWith Mansfield, Mike), 1903- person
associatedWith McKay, Frank D., 1883- person
associatedWith McNamara, Patrick Vincent, 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Metropolitan Detroit Council of Churches. corporateBody
associatedWith Moss, Frank E., 1911- person
associatedWith Murphy, George, 1897-1961 person
correspondedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Detroit Branch. corporateBody
associatedWith National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing. corporateBody
associatedWith Nye, Kathryn C. person
associatedWith O'Brien, Michael, 1943- person
associatedWith O’Brien, Michael, 1943- person
associatedWith Osborn, Stellanova, 1894-1988. person
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
associatedWith Peterson, Elly, 1914- person
correspondedWith Petitpren, Vincent J. (Vincent Joseph), 1927- person
associatedWith Phillips, Harriett person
associatedWith Pierrot, George F., 1898-1980 person
correspondedWith Pilch, Alex, 1913- person
associatedWith Pollock, James K. (James Kerr), 1898-1968. person
associatedWith Pray, George Washington, 1825-1890 person
associatedWith Price, Margaret Bayne, 1912-1968 person
associatedWith Proxmire, William. person
associatedWith Rostow, W. W. (Walt Whitman), 1916- person
associatedWith Saltonstall, Leverett, 1892- person
associatedWith Scott, Hugh, 1900-1994. person
associatedWith Shecter, Louis E. person
associatedWith Shriver, Sargent, 1915- person
associatedWith Sinclair, John, 1941- person
associatedWith Smith, Talbot. person
associatedWith Swainson, John Burley, 1925- person
associatedWith Tufty, Esther Van Wagoner, d. 1986 person
associatedWith Udall, Stewart L. person
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Media Resources Center. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oklahoma. Political Commercial Archive. corporateBody
associatedWith Weinberg, Gerhard L. person
associatedWith Weinberg, Gerhard L. person
associatedWith Williams, G. Mennen, 1911- person
associatedWith Williams, Harrison A. person
correspondedWith Women's Equity Action League corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore (Mich.)
Michigan
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore (Mich.)
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore (Mich.)
Michigan
Detroit (Mich.)
United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore (Mich.)
United States
United States
Subject
Antitrust law
Politics and government--1961-1970
Automobiles--Pollution control devices
Politics and government--1971-1980
Elections--1970
Vietnam War, 1961-1975
Conservation of natural resources--United States
Elections--Michigan--1970
Legislators
Elections--Michigan--1964
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975
Consumer protection
Anti-missile missiles
Riots
Civil rights--United States
Elections--1964
Environmental protection
Environmental protection--United States
Conservation of natural resources
Civil rights
Advertising, political
Politics and government--1946-1960
Legislators--United States
Television advertising
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1912-12-10

Death 1976-12-26

Information

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SNAC ID: 5325404