Garrett, Pat.F. (Pat. Floyd), 1850-1908

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Garrett was a politician, rancher, and lawman. He was the lawman who killed Billy the Kid.

From the description of Garrett photographs, circa 1880s-1920s. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 367953571

Lawman and rancher, sheriff of Lincoln County, New Mexico, in 1880 and later sheriff and ranch owner in Dona Ana County, New Mexico. Garrett is most widely remembered as the sheriff who shot and killed the infamous outlaw "Billy the Kid."

From the description of Pat F. Garrett family papers, 1859-1936. (New Mexico State University). WorldCat record id: 45400688

Pat F. Garrett was born June 5, 1850, in Chambers County, Alabama. He spent his childhood in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, and while still a teenager left his family and headed west. From 1869 to 1877, Garrett worked as a cowhand and trail driver at various locations in Texas.

In 1878, Garrett arrived at Fort Sumner, New Mexico, where he apparently tried hog ranching for a short time. Garrett married Polinaria Gutierrez at Anton Chico, New Mexico, on January 14, 1880. The Garretts eventually had eight children, including a daughter Elizabeth, who gained distinction of her own as the writer of the official New Mexico State song.

In 1880, Garrett was elected sheriff of Lincoln County. On July 14, 1881, Garrett had his famous encounter with William H. Bonney. He shot and killed "The Kid" at Fort Sumner, New Mexico. Garrett's account of the event is recorded in The Authentic Life of Billy the Kid, the Noted Desperado of the Southwest, by Ashmun Upson.

Garrett went to Roswell where he helped to organize The Pecos Valley Irrigation Investment Company in 1885. After an unsuccessful campaign for sheriff of Chaves County, New Mexico, in 1889, Garrett moved to Uvalde County, Texas. He returned to New Mexico in 1897 when asked to serve as sheriff of Doña Ana County and to investigate the Fountain murders. The two men Garrett arrested for the murders, Oliver Lee and Jim Gililland, were later acquitted.

President Theodore Roosevelt appointed Garrett collector of customs at El Paso, in 1901. He served in this position until his appointment expired. He spent his last years at his ranch in Doña Ana County, New Mexico, suffering apparent financial distress.

On February 29, 1908, Garrett was shot and killed on the road between Organ and Las Cruces, New Mexico. Wayne Brazil confessed to the shooting and was later acquitted of the charges.

From the guide to the Pat F. Garrett Family Papers, 1859-1936, (Archives and Special Collections, New Mexico State University Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Collinson, Frank, 1855-1943. Papers, 1937-1943. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Belo (A. H. ) Foundation Photograph Collection 98-338., [1880?] - [1920?] Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Jaffa, Prager & Co. Photographs, 1886-1887 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
referencedIn John William Poe Papers, 1881-1940 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
referencedIn Priestley, Joe S. Joe S. Priestley papers, 1967-1973. New Mexico State University
referencedIn Cline, Donald, 1931-. Donald Cline collection of New Mexico history research materials, 1878-[ongoing]. New Mexico State Library
referencedIn Early Texas and Old West Photographs, AR 96-134., 1868-1930 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Frank W. Parker Papers, 1880-1933 New Mexico State Records Center and Archives
referencedIn Garrett, Pat : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Marshall Bond Photograph Collection, 1880-1926 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
referencedIn Belo, A.H., Foundation. Belo, A.H., Foundation photograph collection, 1880-1920. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Irving H. Webb Texas Surveyors Collection, 1836-1976 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Garrett, Pat F. (Pat Floyd), 1850-1908. Pat F. Garrett family papers, 1859-1936. New Mexico State University
referencedIn H. O. Rawson Drawings, 1923-1938 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Buckner Collection of Elizabeth Garrett Materials, 1893-1992 (bulk, 1965-1966) New Mexico State Records Center and Archives
referencedIn Price, Frank, 1929-. The Tall man. Millionaire McBean / written by Frank Price. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn Poe, John William, 1850-1923. Papers, 1881-1940. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Rose, Noah H., 1874-1952. Early Texas and old west photographs, 1868-1930. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Parker, Frank W. Frank W. Parker papers, 1880-1933. New Mexico State Library
referencedIn Joe S. Priestley papers, 1967-1973 New Mexico State University Library, Archives and Special Collections Department.
referencedIn Hutchinson, W. H. (William Henry), 1910-1990. William Henry Hutchinson papers, 1941-1968. University of Texas at El Paso
creatorOf Pat F. Garrett Family Papers, 1859-1936 Archives and Special Collections. New Mexico State University Library.
referencedIn Bond, Marshall (Collection) [Picture]. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Garrett, Pat F. (Pat Floyd), 1850-1908. Garrett photographs, circa 1880s-1920s. American Primers
referencedIn New Mexico. State Planning Office. New Mexico State Planning Office photograph collection [graphic]. New Mexico State Library
referencedIn Buckner, Goldie Rouse. Buckner collection of Elizabeth Garrett materials, 1893-1992, (bulk, 1965-1966). New Mexico State Library
referencedIn Burns, Walter Noble. Walter Noble Burns papers, 1908-1932 (bulk 1922-1932). University of Arizona Libraries
referencedIn Lincoln County Heritage Trust Collection, 1879-1986, 1879-1933 Fray Angélico Chávez History Library, Santa Fe, New Mexico, U.S.A.
referencedIn East, James H., 1853-1930. East, James H., Papers, 1882-1931 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Doña Ana County Sheriffs photograph collection, 1968. University of Texas at El Paso
referencedIn East, James H. Papers, 1882-1931 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Belo, A. H. Foundation corporateBody
associatedWith Belo, A.H., Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Bond, Marshall, 1867-1941 person
associatedWith Buckner, Goldie Rouse person
associatedWith Buckner, Goldie Rouse. person
associatedWith Burns, Walter Noble. person
associatedWith Cline, Donald, 1931- person
associatedWith Collinson, Frank, 1855-1943. person
associatedWith Doña Ana County (N.M.) corporateBody
associatedWith East, James H., 1853-1930 person
associatedWith Garrett family family
associatedWith Garrett, Pat F. (Pat Floyd), 1896-1927. person
associatedWith Garrett, Poe, 1882-1932. person
associatedWith Garrett, Polinaria Gutierrez, 1861-1936. person
associatedWith Hutchinson, W. H. (William Henry), 1910-1990. person
associatedWith New Mexico. State Planning Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Parker, Frank W. person
associatedWith Parker, Frank W. person
associatedWith Poe, John William, 1850-1923. person
associatedWith Priestley, Joe S. person
associatedWith Priestley, Joe S. person
associatedWith Rawson, H. O. person
associatedWith Rose, Noah H., 1874-1952 person
associatedWith Webb, Irving H. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Lincoln County (N.M.)
New Mexico
Subject
Sheriffs--History--Sources
Frontier and pioneer life--History--Sources
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1850-06-05

Death 1908-02-29

Americans

English

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