Lee, Charles, 1731-1782

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General Lee lost his command after he was found guilty at court martial. Later considered a traitor.

From the description of ALS, 1778 July 3 : Brunswick, to Robert Morris. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 13730721

Lee was a veteran British Army officer who settled in America in 1773 and was appointed a major general in the Continental Army at the outbreak of the Revolution. In 1778, he was appointed to lead the attack at the Battle of Monmouth, but instead retreated without warning, apparently ignored orders from George Washington, and afterward demanded an apology from him. Lee was suspended and later dismissed from the Army.

From the description of ALS, 1776 Jan. 30, Stamford, Ct., to Robert Morris, Philadelphia. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86156133

From the description of ALS, [1776] Feb. 20, New York, N.Y., to Robert Morris, Philadelphia. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122490228

From the description of ALS, 1775 July 29, Winter Hill, Mass., to Robert Morris. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122316892

From the description of ALS, 1776 Jan. 23, Stamford, Ct., to Robert Morris. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122417427

From the description of ALS, [1775] Dec. 7, Winter Hill, Mass., to Robert Morris. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122690057

Army officer.

From the description of Orderly book and will of Charles Lee, 1776-1782. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71014899

Revolutionary War general, of South Carolina; Lee was a veteran British Army officer who settled in America in 1773 and was appointed a major general in the Continental Army at the outbreak of the Revolution. In 1778, he was appointed to lead the attack at the Battle of Monmouth, but instead retreated without warning, apparently ignored orders from George Washington, and afterward demanded an apology from him. Lee was suspended and later dismissed from the Army.

From the description of Charles Lee letterbook, 1776 July 2 - Aug. [27?]. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 31060551

Lee was a veteran British Army officer who settled in America in 1773 and was appointed a major general in the Continental Army at the outbreak of the Revolution. He was captured and held prisoner by the British from December 1776 to April 1778 and during that time wrote for them a plan for defeating the Americans (which was not discovered until 1858). After his release in 1778, he was appointed to lead the attack at the Battle of Monmouth, but instead retreated without warning, apparently ignored orders from George Washington, and afterward demanded an apology from him. Lee was suspended and later dismissed from the Army.

From the description of ALS, 1777 Apr. 4, New York, N.Y., to Robert Morris, Philadelphia. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122489355

Attorney-general.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Alexandria, to George Simpson, cashier of the bank of the United States, 1799 Sept. 28. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270595474

From the description of Letter signed : Philadelphia, to Thomas Nelson, 1799 Apr. 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270599069

General Lee was second in command to Washington until his court-martial; later considered a traitor.

From the description of ALS, 1776 January 3 : Camp, to Robert Morris, Philadelphia. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 13728871

General Lee was second in command to Washington until his court martial in 1778; later considered a traitor.

From the description of ALS, 1782 March 14 : Dumfries, to General Horatio Gates. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 13736460

From the description of ALS, 1779 March 15 : Philadelphia, to unknown. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 13736367

From the description of ALS, 1776 June 3 : Charlestown, to Colonel William Palfrey, Pay Master General of the Continent, Head Quarters. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 13730355

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Lee, Richard Henry, 1732-1794. Letter, 1776 March 25, Phila[delphia], to General [Charles] Lee, Williamsburg, [Va.]. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library
referencedIn Tilghman, Tench, 1744-1786. ALS, 1777 March 2 : Head Quarters, Morristown, to Robert Morris, Philadelphia. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Gratz, Simon. Miscellaneous personal autographs, 1754-1824. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. ALS, 1777 Apr. 4, New York, N.Y., to Robert Morris, Philadelphia. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Hutson, Richard, 1748-1795. Richard Hutson letter to John Hancock, 1778 Nov. 3. South Carolina Historical Society
creatorOf Heath, William, 1737-1814. Papers, 1774-1872. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. ALS, 1782 March 14 : Dumfries, to General Horatio Gates. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn White, Edward, of Brookline, Mass. ALsS : Valley Forge, to Benjamin White, Brookline, Mass., 1778. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945,. Historical manuscripts, 1636-1935. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Papers, 1768-1872. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824. ALS, 1778 December 16 : [s.l.], to Charles Lee. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Hunton, Hamilton Morris, 1908-. Autograph collection of Hamilton Morris Hutton [manuscript], 1828-1930. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume IV, Miscellany, 1756-1807. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Whipple, Bella. Bella Whipple orderly book, 5 June- 18 Nov. 1775. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Hancock, John, 1736-1793. LS, 1776 July 22, Philadelphia, to Major General [Charles] Lee. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Papers, 1775-1782. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume III, Miscellany, 1756-1807. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. Letter to Gen. Charles Lee, 1776 June 24. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. Autograph letter signed : to his sister Sidney Lee, 1778 Mar. 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Litchfield, Conn., American Revolution military record, 1776 Jan. 21. Litchfield Historical Society
referencedIn Bradish, David, 1745-1818. David Bradish orderly book, 1778-1786. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf United States. Continental Army. [Lee-Howe orderly book] [microform]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Logan, Robert Restalrig,. Collection, 1671-1863. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Schley, Reeve, 1881-1960. Papers, 1670-1969. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Russell, Jonathan, 1771-1832. Letter, 1815 February 14. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Trumbull, Jonathan, 1710-1785. Letter from Jonathan Trumbull to Charles Lee, 1776, Feb. 12. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. Orderly book and will of Charles Lee, 1776-1782. Library of Congress
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. Plan for subduing the American Colonies, 1777. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. ALS, 1778 July 3 : Brunswick, to Robert Morris. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Washington, George, 1732-1799. LS : Wrights Mills, N.Y., to William Alexander, Lord Stirling, 1778 July 25. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Robert Morris papers, 1751-1802 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. Letter to Charles Townsend [manuscript] 5 November 1761. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. ALS, 1776 Jan. 23, Stamford, Ct., to Robert Morris. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Holmes, Josiah, 1790-1860. Papers 1667-1918. Colorado College, Tutt Library
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. ALS, [1776] Feb. 20, New York, N.Y., to Robert Morris, Philadelphia. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. Letter signed : Philadelphia, to Thomas Nelson, 1799 Apr. 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn John Dickinson papers, Bulk, 1753-1808, 1676-1885 Library Company of Philadelphia
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. ALS, 1776 Jan. 30, Stamford, Ct., to Robert Morris, Philadelphia. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Gadsden, Christopher, 1724-1805. Letter : Lighthouse Island, [S.C.], to Major General Lee, Charles Town, [S.C.], 1776 Aug. 2. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
referencedIn Henry Clinton papers, Clinton, Henry papers, 1736-1850 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. ALS, 1776 June 3 : Charlestown, to Colonel William Palfrey, Pay Master General of the Continent, Head Quarters. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Massachusetts papers, 1774-1780. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn David Bradish orderly book, Bradish, David orderly book, 1778-1786 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Pendleton, Edmund, 1721-1803. Letter, 1776 March 16, [Williamsburg, Va.], to William Woodford, Caroline [Co., Va.]. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of documents concerning the American Revolution, 1740-1866 . Houghton Library.
referencedIn Gibbes, Robert W. (Robert Wilson), 1809-1866. Robert W. Gibbes papers, 1803 - 1931; bulk, (1803-1873). University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Hooker, Roger, 1751-1830. Orderly books, 1775. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. Letter, 1776 March 15, [n.p.], to an unnamed recipient. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Stillman, George, 1751-1799. George Stillman papers, 1775-1803. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. ALS, 1776 January 3 : Camp, to Robert Morris, Philadelphia. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. Robert Morris papers, 1751-1802. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Plan for subduing the American Colonies, 1777 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Maass, Richard, 1919-1998,. The Richard Maass collection of Westchester and New York State, 1645-1910 (bulk 1770-1783). Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782,. Autograph letters signed from Charles Lee, Williamsburg and camp on Winter Hill, to various people [manuscript], 1775-1776. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. Autograph letter signed : Alexandria, to George Simpson, cashier of the bank of the United States, 1799 Sept. 28. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume III, Miscellany, 1756-1807. Cornell University Library
creatorOf White, Alexander, ca. 1738-1804. ALS, 1776 June 27 : Winchester, to Major General Charles Lee. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Lee, Charles Carter, 1798-1871, collector. Collection, 1768-1931 (bulk 1813-1870) [microform]. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Clark, John, fl. 1778-1781. ALS (draft) : Philadelphia, to Charles Lee, 1778 Sept. 3. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Adams, Abigail, 1744-1818. Gwathmey collection [manuscript], 1708-1852. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. Autograph letter signed : to Messrs. Inglis and Long, 1776 Jan. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Wythe, George, 1726-1806. Letter to John Page, 1776 October 7. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. ALS, [1775] Dec. 7, Winter Hill, Mass., to Robert Morris. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. Charles Lee letterbook, 1776 July 2 - Aug. [27?]. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. ALS, 1779 March 15 : Philadelphia, to unknown. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Richard Maass Collection of Westchester and New York State, Bulk, 1645-1910, 1645-1995 (Bulk: 1645-1910) Fales Library & Special Collections
referencedIn Rosengarten, J. G. (Joseph George), 1835-1921. The German allied troops in the North American war of independence, and related materials, ca. 1767-1893. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Archibald Bulloch papers, 1769-1777. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn George Stillman papers, 1775-1803 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Clinton, Henry, Sir, 1738?-1795. Henry Clinton papers, 1736-1850. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Autograph File, L, 1641-1976. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume IX, Miscellany, 1766-1808. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Lee, Charles, 1731-1782. ALS, 1775 July 29, Winter Hill, Mass., to Robert Morris. Rosenbach Museum & Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Armstrong, John, 1717-1795 person
correspondedWith Baldwin, Loammi, 1740-1807 person
associatedWith Bradish, David, 1745-1818. person
associatedWith Burgoyne, John, 1722-1792 person
associatedWith Clark, John, fl. 1778-1781. person
associatedWith Clinton, Henry, 1771-1829 person
associatedWith Clinton, Henry, Sir, 1738?-1795. person
associatedWith Cooke, Nicholas, 1717-1782 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Dickinson, John, 1732-1808 person
associatedWith Gadsden, Christopher, 1724-1805. person
associatedWith Gates, Horatio, 1728-1806. person
associatedWith Gibbes, Robert W. (Robert Wilson), 1809-1866. person
associatedWith Gratz, Simon. person
associatedWith Hancock, John, 1736-1793. person
associatedWith Heath, William, 1737-1814. person
correspondedWith Henry, Patrick, 1736-1799 person
associatedWith Holmes, Josiah, 1790-1860. person
associatedWith Hooker, Roger, 1751-1830. person
associatedWith Hunton, Hamilton Morris, 1908- person
associatedWith Hutson, Richard, 1748-1795. person
associatedWith Inglis, M., person
associatedWith Lee, Charles. person
associatedWith Lee, Charles Carter, 1798-1871, collector. person
associatedWith Lee, Richard Henry, 1732-1794. person
associatedWith Lee, Sidney, person
associatedWith Logan, Robert Restalrig, person
associatedWith Long, M., person
associatedWith Maass, Richard, 1919-1998, person
associatedWith Maass, Richard (collector) person
correspondedWith Morris, Robert, 1734-1806 person
correspondedWith Moultrie, William, 1730-1805 person
associatedWith Nelson, Thomas, fl. 1803, person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
associatedWith Palfrey, William. person
associatedWith Pendleton, Edmund, 1721-1803. person
correspondedWith Robinson, Miss person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945, person
associatedWith Rosengarten, J. G. (Joseph George), 1835-1921. person
associatedWith Russell, Jonathan, 1771-1832. person
correspondedWith Rutledge, John, 1739-1800 person
associatedWith Schley, Reeve, 1881-1960. person
associatedWith Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 person
associatedWith Simpson, George, person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stillman, George, 1751-1799. person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824. person
associatedWith Tilghman, Tench, 1744-1786. person
associatedWith Townsend, Charles, person
correspondedWith Trumbull, Jonathan, 1710-1785. person
associatedWith United States. Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Continental Army. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Continental Congress. person
associatedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799 person
associatedWith Whipple, Bella. person
associatedWith White, Alexander, ca. 1738-1804. person
associatedWith White, Edward, of Brookline, Mass. person
associatedWith Wythe, George, 1726-1806. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Charleston (S.C.)
Port Royal (S.C.)
United States
United States
United States
Georgia
Florida
United States
South Carolina
Fortifications--South Carolina
United States
United States
North Carolina
United States
Virginia
New York (N.Y.)
United States
United States
New York (State)
United States
Charleston (S.C.)
United States
United States
Boston (Mass.)
United States
Subject
Physicians
Fort Moultrie, Battle of, S.C., 1776
Indians of North America--Government relations--to 1789
Generals--Correspondence
Canadian Invasion, 1775
Treason
Monmouth, Battle of, Freehold, N.J., 1778
Occupation
Army officers
Function

Person

Birth 1731-02-06

Death 1782-10-02

Information

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