Sun, Yat-sen, 1866-1925

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Sun Yat-sen (/ˈsʊn ˈjɑːtˈsɛn/; 12 November 1866 – 12 March 1925) was a Chinese physician, writer, philosopher, calligrapher and revolutionary, the first president and founding father of the Republic of China. As the foremost pioneer and first leader of a Republican China, Sun is referred to as the "Father of the Nation" in the Republic of China (ROC) and the "forerunner of democratic revolution" in People's Republic of China (PRC). Sun played an instrumental role in the overthrow of the Qing dynasty (the last imperial dynasty of China) during the years leading up to the Xinhai Revolution. He was appointed to serve as Provisional President of the Republic of China when it was founded in 1912. He later co-founded the Nationalist Party of China, serving as its first leader. Sun was a uniting figure in post-Imperial China, and he remains unique among 20th-century Chinese politicians for being widely revered amongst the people from both sides of the Taiwan Strait. Although Sun is considered to be one of the greatest leaders of modern China, his political life was one of constant struggle and frequent exile. After the success of the revolution, he quickly resigned from his post as President of the newly founded Republic of China due to Beiyang Clique pressure, and led successive revolutionary governments as a challenge to the warlords who controlled much of the nation. Sun did not live to see his party consolidate its power over the country during the Northern Expedition. His party, which formed a fragile alliance with the Communists, split into two factions after his death. Sun's chief legacy resides in his developing of the political philosophy known as the Three Principles of the People: nationalism (non-ethnic, independence from imperialist domination), democracy, and the people's livelihood (free trade and modern tax reform).
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. 1787 - 2004. Immigration Arrival Investigation Case Files. 1884 - 1944. Immigration Arrival Investigation Case File for Sun On (11120/4575)
referencedIn Joshua B. Powers Collection, 1876-1969 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn McDonald, John,. John McDonald photograph collection, n.d. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn François-Jules Harmand papers, 1845-1956, 1845-1922 (bulk). Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Cadbury, William Warder, 1877-1959. William W. Cadbury and Catharine J. Cadbury collection, 1893-1967. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Sulzer, William, 1863-1941. William Sulzer papers, 1880-1941. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Deitrick, James. Correspondence. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf William W. Cadbury and Catharine J. Cadbury collection, 1893-1967 Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections
referencedIn Immigration Arrival Investigation case file for Dr. Sun Yat-Sen National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. 1787 - 2004. Immigration Arrival Investigation Case Files. 1884 - 1944. Immigration Arrival Investigation Case File for Sun Fo (10495)
creatorOf Keeler, Charles Augustus, 1871-1937. Papers of Charles Augustus Keeler, 1895-1944. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Harmand, François-Jules, 1845-1921. François-Jules Harmand papers, 1845-1956, 1845-1922 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn William Sulzer papers, 1880-1941. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Horton, E. R., Mrs. Papers. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Sun, Yat-sen, 1866-1925. ALS, 1915 February 2 : Tokio, Japan, to Mrs. Cecil W. Troxel. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Hatch, Lorenzo James, 1856-1914. Lorenzo James Hatch and Hatch family papers, 1902-1937, bulk 1908-1914. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Thomas, James A. James Augustus Thomas Papers, 1905-1941; (bulk 1914-1940). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Hendrik Christian Andersen Papers, 1844-1940, (bulk 1890-1920) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Charles Beach Boothe Papers, 1850-1976 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Hinderer, J. G. (John George), 1885-1963. John G. Hinderer papers, 1908-1962. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Boothe, Charles Beach, 1851-1913. Charles Beach Boothe papers, 1850-1976. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Lorenzo James Hatch and Hatch family papers, 1902-1937, bulk 1908-1914 Archives of American Art
creatorOf Sun, Yat-sen, 1866-1925. Miscellaneous Zhongguo guo min dang (KMT) documents, [ca. 1920s-1930s]. California Digital Library
referencedIn Paul Myron Wentworth Linebarger Papers, 1889-1939 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Linebarger, Paul Myron Wentworth. Counsellor to Sun Yat-sen : the autobiography of Paul Myron Wentworth Linebarger. University of Florida
referencedIn Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973. [Letter] 1929 June 10, Nanking, Ku. [to] Dear friends / Pearl S. Buck. Presbyterian Historical Society, PHS
referencedIn New York Times Company records. A.M. Rosenthal papers, 1955-1994, 1967-1986 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Feng yu Hsieng. Letter to Harry Clemons [manuscript] 1945 March 25. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Reinsch, Paul Samuel, 1869-1923. Papers, 1835-1924, 1963. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Collection on George Yeu Son Bow, 1914-2009. Norwich University, Kreitzberg Library
referencedIn Ge Ming Dao Shi Sun Zhongshan Xian Sheng : video tape, n.d. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Wilhelm Matzat typescript : Wilhelm Schrameier und die Landordnung von Tsingtau, undated Hoover Institution Archives.
creatorOf Sun, Yat-sen, 1866-1925. Abstracts from "The triple demism of Sun Yat-sen" by Paschal M. d'Elia, S.J. English edition by the Franciscan press, Wuchang, China, 1931. Statement ... addressed to Dr. Paschal M. D'Elia by Maurice William ... University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. 1787 - 2004. Immigration Arrival Investigation Case Files. 1884 - 1944. Immigration Arrival Investigation Case File for Sun Yuen (11120/4576)
referencedIn 880-01 Sun Zhongshan xian sheng zhao pian ji qi ta. University of Hong Kong, HKU Libraries
referencedIn Chen, Leslie H. Leslie H. Chen records, ca.1900-1933. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Deitrick, James. James Deitrick papers, 1900-1918. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Merland, Mildred,. Mildred Merland motion picture film, 1929. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Powers, Joshua B.,. Joshua B. Powers collection, 1876-1969. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Imanaka, Tsugimaro, 1893-. 880-02 Son Bun to sanmin shugi / Imanaka Tsugimaro. Library of Congress, RCCD CJK
creatorOf Sun, Yat-sen, 1866-1925. Manifesto to foreign powers, 1921. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Wilbur, C. Martin (Clarence Martin), 1908-1997. C. Martin Wilbur Papers, ca.1950-1992. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Maurice William miscellaneous papers, 1927-1948 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Andersen, Hendrik Christian, 1872-1940. Papers of Hendrik Christian Andersen, 1844-1940 (bulk 1890-1920). Library of Congress
referencedIn Matzat, Wilhelm. Wilhelm Schrameier und die Landordnung von Tsingtau : typescript, n.d. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn John McDonald photograph collection, undated Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn The Young China INS Business Partnership File National Archives at San Francisco
referencedIn Linebarger, Paul Myron Wentworth, 1871-1939. Paul Myron Wentworth Linebarger reminiscences 1937-1938. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Mildred Merland motion picture film, 1929 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Canaday, Frank Harrison, 1893-1976. Papers of Frank H. Canaday, 1920?-1956 (inclusive). Harvard University, Harvard-Yenching Library
referencedIn Ge Ming Dao Shi Sun Zhongshan Xian Sheng : video tape, undated Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973. TMS, [1944] : [s.l.]. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. 1787 - 2004. Immigration Arrival Investigation Case Files. 1884 - 1944. Immigration Arrival Investigation Case File for Sun Fo (11120/4574)
referencedIn Ford, Henry, 1863-1947. Engineering Laboratory Office records subgroup, 1920-1952. The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
referencedIn Taylor, Phyllis Evelyn. Oral history interviews with Phyllis Evelyn Taylor, 1992 [sound recording]. Billy Graham Center Archives, BGC Archives
referencedIn Linebarger, Paul Myron, 1871-1939. Paul Myron Wentworth Linebarger papers, 1889-1939. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn William, Maurice. Maurice William miscellaneous papers, 1927-1948. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Andersen, Hendrik Christian, 1872-1940. person
associatedWith Boothe, Charles Beach, 1851-1913. person
associatedWith Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973. person
associatedWith Burton, Emma Cadbury person
associatedWith Cadbury, Catharine Jones person
associatedWith Cadbury family family
associatedWith Cadbury, Sara Manatt person
associatedWith Cadbury, William Warder, 1877-1959 person
associatedWith Canaday, Frank Harrison, 1893-1976. person
associatedWith Chen, Leslie H. person
associatedWith Deitrick, James. person
associatedWith Feng yu Hsieng. person
associatedWith Ford, Henry, 1863-1947. person
associatedWith Harmand, François-Jules, 1845-1921. person
associatedWith Hatch, Lorenzo James person
associatedWith Hatch, Lorenzo James, 1856-1914. person
associatedWith Hinderer, J. G. (John George), 1885-1963. person
associatedWith Horton, E. R., Mrs. person
associatedWith Imanaka, Tsugimaro, 1893- person
associatedWith Jones, Rufus Matthew, 1863-1948 person
associatedWith Keeler, Charles Augustus, 1871-1937. person
associatedWith Lambe, Catharine Cadbury person
associatedWith Lei Fuk Lam, General person
associatedWith Linebarger, Paul Myron Wentworth. person
associatedWith Matzat, Wilhelm. person
associatedWith Matzat, Wilhelm. person
associatedWith McDonald, John, person
associatedWith McDonald, John, collector. person
associatedWith Merland, Mildred, person
associatedWith Merland, Mildred, collector. person
associatedWith Powers, Joshua B. person
associatedWith Powers, Joshua B., person
associatedWith Reinsch, Paul Samuel, 1869-1923. person
associatedWith Rosenthal, A. M. (Abraham Michael), 1922-2006 person
associatedWith Sulzer, William, 1863-1941. person
associatedWith Symonds, Jane Cadbury person
associatedWith Taylor, Phyllis Evelyn. person
associatedWith Thomas, James A. person
associatedWith Troxel, Cecil W., Mrs. person
associatedWith Walker, Guy M. person
associatedWith Wilbur, C. Martin (Clarence Martin), 1908-1997. person
associatedWith William, Maurice. person
associatedWith William, Maurice. person
associatedWith William, Sulzer 1863-1941. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
China
China
China
Ling nan da xue (Guangzhou, China)
China
Subject
Missions--China
Canton Christian College
Nationalism and nationality
China--History--20th century
Missionaries--China
Leprosy--China
Medicine--China
Missionaries, Medical--China
Sino--Japanese Conflict, 1937-1945
Occupation
Function
Quaker Physicians--China
Quakers--China

Person

Birth 1866-11-12

Death 1925-03-12

Chinese

Chinese,

English

Information

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