Gessner, Conrad, 1516-1565

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Conrad Gessner (b. March 26, 1516, Zurich, Switzerland–d. December 13, 1565, Zurich, Switzerland) was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. Born into a poor family in Zürich, Switzerland, his father and teachers quickly realised his talents and supported him through university, where he studied classical languages, theology, and medicine. He became Zürich's City Physician, but was able to spend much of his time on collecting, research and writing. Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography and zoology and was working on a major botanical text at the time of his death from plague at the age of 49. He is regarded as the father of modern scientific bibliography, zoology and botany. He was frequently the first to describe a species of plant or animal in Europe, such as the tulip in 1559. A number of plants and animals have been named after him.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Gessner, Conrad, 1516-1565. [Copy of a specimen of Conrad Gesner's handwriting on the title-page of Stobaeus's 1543 edition of Keras amalthaias, which was edited and translated by Gesner]. American Museum of Natural History
creatorOf Medicine: Compendium of medicine: 1418.: Germ. and Lat.Owners of Manuscripts: Engelbrecht (Hanneman): 1418.Owners of Manuscripts: Gesnerus (Conradus). British Library
creatorOf Writers of Manuscripts: Clauserus (Christophorus).Christophorus Clauserus, MD, of Zurich: Wrote MS.Owners of Manuscripts: Gesnerus (Conradus).includes:ff. 1-53 b Astrology: Summæ Astrologiæ judicialis pars altera: 16th cent.ff. 54-58 Astrology: Q... British Library
referencedIn includes:ff. 1-9 Botany: Herbarium, cum figuris: 14th-17th cent.: Imperf.ff. 10-15 b William Turner, Dean of Wells: Collections out of his Herbal: 16th cent.ff. 16-21 b John Hollybush: Homely physick: 16th cent.ff. 22-26 Hanss Jacob Wecker: Q... British Library
referencedIn Jacques Du Poirier, MD, of Amboise and Tours: Collectanea medica et chemica: 17th cent.includes:ff. 1-36, 139 b-167 Georgius Agricola, the Elder: Quædam de re Metallica ex: 17th cent.ff. 37, 39 h, 170-175 Bernardus Georgius Penotus: De vera præpa... British Library
referencedIn includes:ff. 2-25, 27 Aristotle: Annotationes ex libris de anima: 17th cent.ff. 29-33 Sermons: On 1 Cor. x. 12: 17th cent.ff. 34-42 Matthias Untzer: De usu mechanico Mercurii ex ejus Anatomia Mercurii spagirica: 17th cent.ff. 46-109 Medicine.... British Library
creatorOf Christophorus Clauserus, MD, of Zurich: Liber receptarum: 1505.Owners of Manuscripts: Gesnerus (Conradus).includes:ff. 84-86 b Poetry LATIN: De herbarum virtutibus, metrice: 16th cent.ff. 88-97 Nicoletus Vernia, of Chieti: Quæstio an medicina nob... British Library
creatorOf [Konrad Gesner, biographical materials]. University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Sloane 1389Chartaceus, in 4to., ff. 338, Sec. XVII.1. Excerpta ex Gregorii Horstii libris observationum medicarum singularium. ff. 2-56.2. Excerpta ex Thomae Willis, M. D., naturalis philosophiae Professoris Oxoniensis tratatu de scorbuto. ff 57-92.3... British Library
creatorOf Gessner, Conrad, 1516-1565. Concerning aquatic animals on the swallow (a flying sea-fish). Rondeletius. Harvard University, Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Breitinger, Johann Jakob, 1575-1645 person
associatedWith Granniss, Ruth S. (Ruth Shepard), 1872-1954. person
associatedWith Gudger, E. W. (Eugene Willis), 1866-1956. person
associatedWith Stobaeus. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Zürich ZH CH
Lausanne VD CH
Zürich ZH CH
Zürich ZH CH
Learning and scholarship
Natural history
College teachers


Birth 1516-03-26

Death 1565-12-13





Ark ID: w6rn443q

SNAC ID: 73955013