Anthony, Mary S., 1827-1907

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Mary Stafford Anthony (b. Apr. 2, 1827, Battenville, NY–d. Feb. 5, 1907, Rochester, NY) was the younger sister of suffragist Susan B. Anthony. Mary worked as a teacher and principal; she taught in the city of Rochester's public schools for 27 years and was promoted to principal. She was the first woman known in Rochester to receive equal pay to men who were principals.

In 1848, Mary attended the Rochester Women's Rights Convention with her parents. In 1872, Susan and Mary Anthony along with fourteen other women were arrested for voting illegally in Rochester. As an activist, Mary joined the Women's Christian Temperance Union in 1873. She was the corresponding secretary of the New York State Woman Suffrage Association (1893), and organized and hosted the first meeting of the local Women's Political Club (1885). She served as its president for more than a decade, from 1892 to 1903.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Keith, Mary McHenry, 1855-1947. Mary McHenry Keith correspondence : ALS and TLS, 1906 Apr. 24-July 18. California Historical Society
creatorOf Anthony, Jessie. Collection, 1830-1907. Natural History Museum Los Angeles County Foundation, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
referencedIn Susan B. Anthony Papers, 1846-1934, (bulk 1846-1906) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Anthony, Mary S. Papers, 1891-1979 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Chapman, Mariana W. (Mariana Wright), 1843-1907. Chapman Family Papers, 1808-1983. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
creatorOf Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906. Susan B. Anthony papers, 1846-1934 (bulk 1846-1906). Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906. Papers, 1815-1961 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Barrows family papers, 1861-1931. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Papers, 1815-1961 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn United States of America v. Mary Anthony National Archives at New York City (U.S.)
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Anthony, Jessie. person
sibling of Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906. person
correspondedWith Barrows family. family
associatedWith Chapman, Mariana W. (Mariana Wright), 1843-1907. person
associatedWith Keith, Mary McHenry, 1855-1947. person
memberOf New York State Woman Suffrage Association corporateBody
employeeOf Rochester City School District. corporateBody
correspondedWith SUSAN BROWNELL ANTHONY, 1820-1906 person
memberOf Women's Christian Temperance Union. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Rochester NY US
Battenville NY US


Birth 1827-04-02

Death 1907-02-05



Ark ID: w6r80b10

SNAC ID: 58356931