Carlota, Empress, consort of Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1840-1927

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Charlotte (Coburg) of Belgium (1840-1927), daughter of Leopold of Belgium (1790-1865), and Louise of France (1812-1850) married Maximilian, Archduke of Austria in 1857. Carlota, as she was known in Mexico, was eager to establish European rule in Mexico after her father rejected the Mexican throne in her youth. She accompanied Maximilian to Mexico in 1864. During her years in Mexico, the first signs of mental illness emerged. In 1866, she left Mexico to solicit the financial support of Napoleon III and never returned. Her mental illness worsened and she eventually was committed to a mental hospital in Austria where she died in 1927.

From the guide to the Charlotte and Maximilian Collection MS 356., 1846-1927, (Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University, Houston, TX)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Loosey, Charles Frederick de, d. 1870. Papers, 1838-1870 (bulk 1860-1870). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Koch, Frederick R. (Frederick Robinson),. Frederick R. Koch collection, 1640-1983. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Aubert, Franc̦ois, 1829-1906. Mexico Maximilian era cartes-de-visite collection [picture]. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Adolph C. Herrera Collection Col 11546., 1836-circa 1890, 1993, undated Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn Marie-Amélie, Queen, consort of Louis-Philippe, King of the French, 1782-1866. Collection of autograph letters signed: primarily Claremont, England, to her grandson the Duc d'Alençon, 1851 May 29-1866 Mar. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Carlota, Empress, consort of Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1840-1927. Autograph letters signed (2) : [Mexico], to Baron Chazal, Minister of War in Brussels, 1864 Dec. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1832-1867. Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, collection of documents, 1863-1866. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1832-1867. Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico collection, 1847-1967 (bulk 1853-1867) University of Arizona Libraries
referencedIn Martinez, Joaquin, fl. 1870. Portrait album from the era of Emperor Maximilian in Mexico [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf "Charlotte,". Album, Portsmouth, N.H., ca.1849-1855. Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
referencedIn Ballesteros, Norberto. Norberto Ballesteros letters, 1860-1865. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Joaquín and Mariano Degollado collection, 1861-1923 (bulk 1861-1867). University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Biography -- Maximilian. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn Corps Expeditionare du Mexique. Corps Expeditionare du Mexique collection : ALS, 1861-1865. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Mexico collection, 1522-1915 (inclusive), 1770-1865 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Feré, María de la, b. 1847. My recollections of Maximillian : n.p., [ca. 1910]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Carlota, Empress, consort of Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1840-1927. Empress Carlota letter, 1865 Dec. 23. Library of Congress
referencedIn Mexican art postcard collection [picture]. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Joaquín and Mariano Degollado Collection 30413317., 1861-1923, 1861-1867 Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Mexican Art Postcard Collection, 1930-1959 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Veraza, Luis. Mexican Cartes de Visite collection [picture]. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Charlotte and Maximilian Collection MS 356., 1846-1927 Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University
creatorOf Hart, Solomon Alexander, 1806-1881. Autograph letter signed : London, to Miss Charlotte, 1839 Feb. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Photographs from the Genaro García Collection 29763305., 19th-20th Century Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin
creatorOf Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1832-1867. DS, 1866 July 6 : Alcazar de Chapultepec [Mexico City]. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Carlota, Empress, consort of Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1840-1927. Empress Carlota letter, 1865 Dec. 23. Library of Congress
referencedIn Mexico Maximilian Era Cartes-de-Visite Collection, 1863-1867 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv (Austria). Archiv Kaiser Maximilians von Mexico, 1861-1865. Library of Congress
referencedIn Kuhn, Effie Georgine, 1891-1978. Effie Georgine Kuhn papers regarding Usigli's Crown of shadows, 1947-49. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Mexican Cartes de Visite Collection, 1864-1889 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Effie Georgine Kuhn papers regarding Usigli's Crown of shadows, 1947-1949 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Frederick R. Koch collection, 1640-1983 Yale University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Ballesteros, Norberto. person
associatedWith Bazaine, Achille François, 1811-1888 person
correspondedWith Bombelles, Karl, Count person
associatedWith Chazal, Pierre-Emmanuel-Félix, 1808-1892, person
associatedWith Corps Expeditionare du Mexique. corporateBody
associatedWith Degollado, Joaquín M. person
associatedWith Degollado, Mariano. person
correspondedWith Eloin, E. J. Felix, 1819-1888 person
associatedWith Feré, María de la, b. 1847. person
associatedWith García, Genaro, 1867-1920 person
associatedWith Hart, Solomon Alexander, 1806-1881. person
associatedWith Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv (Austria) corporateBody
associatedWith Herrera, Adolph Casias, 1913-1999 person
correspondedWith Herzfeld, Stephen person
associatedWith Jay I. Kislak Collection (Library of Congress) corporateBody
associatedWith Juárez, Benito, 1806-1872 person
associatedWith Koch, Frederick R. (Frederick Robinson), person
associatedWith Kuhn, Effie Georgine, 1891-1978. person
associatedWith Loosey, Charles Frederick de, d. 1870. person
correspondedWith Louis-Philippe, King of the French, 1773-1850 person
correspondedWith Marie-Amélie, Queen, consort of Louis-Philippe, King of the French, 1782-1866 person
correspondedWith Marie-Amélie, Queen, consort of Louis-Philippe, King of the French, 1782-1866 person
associatedWith Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1832-1867 person
associatedWith Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1832-1867. person
correspondedWith Metternich, Melanie, Fürstin von, 1805-1854 person
associatedWith Mexico. President (1858-1872 : Juárez) corporateBody
correspondedWith Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821 person
correspondedWith Nemours, Louis-Charles-Philippe Raphaël d'Orleans, duc de, 1814-1896 person
correspondedWith Philippe, comte de Flandres, 1837-1905 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mexico
France
France
Yucatan (Mexico : State)
Yucatan (Mexico : State)
Mexico
Subject
American poetry
Emperors
Empresses
Empresses
Friendship
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico
Presidents
Women
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1840-06-07

Death 1927-01-19

Belgians

Spanish; Castilian,

French

Information

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Ark ID: w6r60fwr

SNAC ID: 85108249