Louise, Princess, Duchess of Argyll, 1848-1939

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Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll was a daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. In her public life, she was a strong proponent of the arts and higher education and of the feminist cause. Louise was an able sculptor and artist, and several of her sculptures remain today. She was also a supporter of the feminist movement, corresponding with Josephine Butler, and visiting Elizabeth Garrett.

Louise served as an unofficial secretary to her mother, the Queen. She married John, Marquess of Lorne, the heir of the Duke of Argyll, in 1871. In 1878, Lorne was appointed Governor General of Canada, a post he held 1878–1884. Louise was viceregal consort, starting a lasting interest in Canada.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Louise Caroline Alberta, Princess, Duchess of Argyll, d. 1848. Autograph letters signed (4) : [n.p.], to Mr. and Mrs. Gladstone, [no year] July 7, [n.d.] Thursday and [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf SCOTT PAPERS. Vol. XIV (ff. 285). 1. ff. 1-130b. Letters to his wife, as above; 1889-1892, n.d. 2. ff. 131-217. Letters to Lady Scott from various correspondents, including foreign royalty; 1886-1912, n.d. 3. ff. 218-285b. Family letters, mostly from..., 1861-1912 British Library
referencedIn Swattes, Robin A. Victorian ideal or Victorian rebel : the "separate spheres" of Princess Louise of Great Britain / by Robin A. Swattes. University of Houston, Clear Lake, Alfred R. Neumann Library
creatorOf Louise, Princess, Duchess of Argyll, 1848-1939. Manuscript copy of a letter : Kensington Palace, to Joan Severn, 1900 Jan. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf PAGET PAPERS (2ND SERIES). Vol. XXXIV (ff. 300). Miscellaneous royal correspondence; 1858-1925. 1. ff. 1-4b. Queen Victoria; 1896. Partly German. Includes a telegram (f. 1) to Lady Paget's daughter, Lady Windsor, on behalf of the Queen. 2. ff. 5-8. V..., 1855-1925 British Library
creatorOf ELIZABETH JANE, LADY WATERPARK: diary and photograph album; 1865-1891 (1865-1891) British Library
creatorOf PAGET PAPERS (3RD SERIES). Vol. I (ff. 92). Royal correspondence. 1. ff. 1-31b. Queen Victoria and the Prince Consort; 1837-1894. Partly printed. 2. ff. 32-46b. Edward VII and Queen Alexandra, as Prince and Princess of Wales; 1865-1901. 3. ff. 47-48b..., 1837-1905 British Library
referencedIn REGISTER OF MEMBERS OF THE LADIES' NATIONAL SILK ASSOCIATlON of Great Britain and Ireland; 1890-1894. At ff. 8, 9 are the signatures of its president, Princess Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina Elizabeth, wife of Francis, Duke of Teck, and of King Edward VII ..., 1890-1894 British Library
referencedIn Cartes-de-visite album and biographies, ca. 1875-1876. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf PAGET PAPERS (3RD SERIES). Vol. X (ff. 207). Correspondence of Dame Leila's aunt, Amy Olivia Paget (b. 1858, d. 1948), and of other members of the family. 1. ff. 1-18. Royal correspondence. Includes letters to Miss Paget from Queen Alexandra, the Duk..., 1854-1948 British Library
referencedIn BATTERSEA PAPERS. Vol. LV (ff. 345). Correspondence of the Hon. Mrs Annie Yorke with her father (ff. 1-54b), 1869-1873, her mother (ff. 55-96b), 1869-1901, and (ff. 97-308b) her sister, Lady Battersea, 1873-1923, followed (ff. 309-345) by her genera..., 1855-1926 British Library
referencedIn Letters to members of the Rothschild family, 1863-1925 University of Southampton Libaries Special Collections
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. A. General Correspondence, 1855-1911. Vol. XXX (ff. 220). Feb.-Dec. 1900. British Library
creatorOf Louise, Princess, Duchess of Argyll, 1848-1939. Autograph letter signed : Kensington Palace, to Herbert T. Sullivan, 1901 June 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Louise Caroline Alberta, Princess, Duchess of Argyll, 1848. Autograph address and signature on a folder : [n.p.], to her father, 1860 Christmas. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn John F. Glaser collection of historical autograph letters and manuscripts, 1739-1933. Houghton Library
referencedIn Vol. XXXVI (ff. 237). 1898-1901.includes:f. 1 Lucy Emma Meade, wife of Reverend S Meade: Letter to Sir E. W. Hamilton: 1898. f. 3 Lorina H. Liddell, widow of Reverend H G Liddell: Letter to Sir E. W. Hamilton: 1898. ff. 5b, 6 William Leonard Courtn..., 1898-1901 British Library
referencedIn Emerson family papers, 1699-1939. Houghton Library
referencedIn MARY GLADSTONE PAPERS. Vol. II (ff. 146). (1) Letters from George V and Queen Mary, as Duke and Duchess of York, to Mr and Mrs W. E. Gladstone; 1894 -1898. ff. 1-9b. (2) Three letters on behalf of George V to Mary, daughter of W. E. Gladstone, and wi..., 1828-1922 British Library
referencedIn Letter from Queen Victoria to the President National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Tennyson, Alfred Tennyson, Baron, 1809-1892. Alfred Tennyson letter to Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, 1867 Oct. 7. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Balfour, Eustace James Anthony, 1854-1912,. Letters of Eustace James Anthony Balfour, 1854-1937 (bulk 1880-1914). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Loftus, Augustus William Frederick Spencer, Lord, 1817-1904. Augustus Loftus correspondence ; 1811-1904. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn BATTERSEA PAPERS. Vol. I (ff. ii+227). Letters to Lord and Lady Battersea from:-(1) Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, 4th daughter of Queen Victoria; 1885-1931. Included are a letter (f. 14) to Queen Victoria, 25 May [1889?], and a few letters (ff. ..., 1885-1931 British Library
creatorOf Louise, Princess, Duchess of Argyll, 1848-1939. Autograph letter signed : Osborne, to Arthur Sullivan, 1891 Feb. 2. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Royal correspondence; 1821-1976.ff. 227.Arranged in the following order: letters written on behalf of:—1. ff. 1-158. Sovereigns: Prince Leopold, later Leopold I of Belgium, Queen Adelaide, Queen Victoria, Prince Albert, Edward VII, Queen Alexandra, G..., 1821-1976 British Library
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. B. Correspondence relating to Lord Avebury's collections and publications; 1866-1911, n.d. Vol. XLI A (ff. 206). The Pleasures of Life, 1887-1889; 1887-1909, n.d. A-G. British Library
referencedIn Copy of a Letter from Queen Victoria to President James K. Polk National Archives at College Park
creatorOf AIRLIE PAPERS. Vol. II A (ff. 122). Correspondence and papers of Lady Airlie; 1861-bef. 1956. 1. ff. 1-43. Correspondence with Queen Mary and other royalty; 1885-1954. The autograph copy by Queen Mary (ff. 14-15b) of her letter to Lady Airlie, 24 Nov..., 1861-1956 British Library
creatorOf Sullivan, Arthur, Sir, 1842-1900. Autograph letter signed : 1 Queen's Mansions, Victoria Street, S.W., [London], to Princess Louise, Marchioness of Lorne, 1891 Feb. 4. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Joseph Severn papers, 1821-1899. Houghton Library
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library
creatorOf CHARNWOOD AUTOGRAPHS. Vol. I. English historical autographs, etc., circa 16th-20th cent. Included are Henry VII, Charles I, Oliver Cromwell, William III, Anne, and George II; Sir Philip Sidney, Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford, Thomas, 3rd Bar..., approximately 16th century-20th century British Library
creatorOf Louise Caroline Alberta, Princess; 4th daughter of Queen Victoria; wife of John, Marquess of Lorne and 9th Duke of Argyll: Catherine Gladstone, wife of W E Gladstone: Letter to Catherine Gladstone from Princess Louise: n.d. British Library
creatorOf Vol. I (ff. 289). 16th cent.; 1878-1908.includes:ff. 3-6b England; Parliament: Notes by Lord Strathnairn for speech: 1878: Autogr.ff. 3-6b Hugh Henry Rose, Baron Strathnairn: Notes for speech in House of Lords: 1878: Autogr.f. 7 Reinhold Röst, ..., 1878-1908 British Library
referencedIn A. ROYAL CORRESPONDENCE45985. VISCOUNT GLADSTONE PAPERS. Vol. I (ff. 194). Correspondence with Sovereigns and their Private Secretaries and with members of the Royal Family, arranged as follows:-(1) Letter from Major-General Sir Henry Frederick Pons..., 1880-1929 British Library
referencedIn Manuscript Albums, 1615 - 1959 Newcastle University: Special Collections
creatorOf Palmer, John Williamson, 1825-1906. Papers of John Williamson Palmer, 1856-1903. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Ellenborough, Edward Law, Earl of, 1790-1871,. Autograph letters signed from Edward Law, Earl of Ellenborough, London and Cheltenham, to [Lilian Adelaide Neilson], 1868-1870. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn BOYD CARPENTER PAPERS. Vol. V (ff. 250). Letters (in English) from, and on behalf of, Edward VII and George V, William II (German Emperor) and the Empress Alexandra of Russia, mostly printed by Dr Major, op. cit., together with unpublished letters fr..., 1884-1917 British Library
referencedIn Vol. VI (ff. 241). (1) Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, Duchess of Argyll; 1862 -1906, n.d. ff. 1-93. (2) Princess Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodora, wife of Prince Henry of Battenberg; 1892 -1903. ff. 94 -135. (3) Francis, Duke of Teck, his wife Mary..., 1862-1906 British Library
referencedIn Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (inclusive), 1820-1888 (bulk) Houghton Library
referencedIn CAMPBELL-BANNERMAN PAPERS. Vol. I (ff. 320). Correspondence of Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman with Queen Victoria and members of her family, viz.:-1. Correspondence with Queen Victoria and her private secretaries 1886-1900. There is only one autograph of..., 1881-1907 British Library
creatorOf PAGET PAPERS (3RD SERIES). Vol. VII (ff. 118). Letters from:– 1. ff. 1-25b. Prince Louis of Battenberg, and his wife, Victoria, afterwards 1st Marquess and Marchioness of Milford Haven; 1879-1917;-Franz Joseph of Battenberg; 1894;-Marie Caroline o..., 1878-1923 British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
childOf Albert, 1819-1861, Prince Consort of Queen Victoria person
sibling of Alfred Ernest Albert, 1844-1900, Prince, Duke of Edinburgh, 2nd son of Queen Victoria, naval officer person
sibling of Alice Maud Mary, 1843-1878, Princess, 2nd daughter of Queen Victoria, consort of Louis IV Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine person
associatedWith Balfour, Eustace James Anthony, 1854-1912, person
sibling of Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore, 1857-1944, Princess, 5th daughter of Queen Victoria, consort of Prince Henry Maurice of Battenberg person
spouseOf Campbell, John Douglas Sutherland, 1845-1914, Marquess of Lorne, 9th Duke of Argyll, Governor-General of Canada person
sibling of Edward VII, 1841-1910, King of Great Britain and Ireland person
associatedWith Ellenborough, Edward Law, Earl of, 1790-1871, person
associatedWith Emerson family. family
associatedWith Gladstone, William, person
associatedWith Gladstone, William, Mrs, person
associatedWith Glaser, John F., collector. person
sibling of Helena Augusta Victoria, 1846-1923, Princess, 3rd daughter of Queen Victoria, wife of Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein person
sibling of Leopold George Duncan Albert, 1853-1884, Prince, 1st Duke of Albany, 4th son of Queen Victoria person
associatedWith Loftus, Augustus William Frederick Spencer, Lord, 1817-1904. person
correspondedWith Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882 person
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
associatedWith Palmer, John Williamson, 1825-1906. person
associatedWith Severn, Arthur, Mrs., 1846-1924, person
correspondedWith Severn, Joseph, 1793-1879 person
associatedWith Sullivan, Arthur, Sir, 1842-1900. person
associatedWith Sullivan, Herbert T. (Herbert Thomas), 1868-1928, person
associatedWith Swattes, Robin A. person
associatedWith Tennyson, Alfred Tennyson, Baron, 1809-1892. person
childOf Victoria, 1819-1901, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland person
sibling of Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise, 1840-1901, Princess Royal, eldest daughter of Queen Victoria, consort of Frederick III Emperor of Germany person
associatedWith Viljoen, Helen Gill, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Canada 00 CA
London ENG GB
London ENG GB
Letter, signed "Louise."


Birth 1848-03-18

Death 1939-12-03




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