Shoup, David M. (David Monroe), 1904-1983

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General, United States Marine Corps; commander of Marine forces at Tarawa, 1943; chief of staff, 2d Marine Division, 1944; commandant of the Marine Corps, 1960-1963.

From the description of David M. Shoup papers, 1927-1971. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754870712

Marine Corps officer.

From the description of Reminiscences of David Monroe Shoup : oral history, 1972. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122361984

Biographical Note

  • 1904: Born, Battle Ground, Indiana
  • 1926: Graduate of DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana
  • 20 - Jul : Commissioned a second lieutenant in the US Marine Corps
  • 1926 - 1941 : Various postings within the Marine Corps including an atypical post with the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1933-1934; promoted through ranks to Major
  • 1942: Arrived in New Zealand; Served as G-3, Operations and Training Officer of the 2nd Marine Division
  • 1943: Promoted to Colonel, placed in command of the 2nd Marines, the spearhead of the assault on Tarawa. There he earned the Medal of Honor and a Purple Heart
  • 1944: Served as Chief of staff, 2nd Marine Division
  • 1944 - 1947 : Returned to the U.S; served as Logistics Officer, Division of Plans and Policies, Headquarters Marine Corps
  • 1947: Served as Commanding Officer, Service Command, Fleet Marine Force (FMF), Pacific
  • 1949: Served as Division Chief of Staff, 1st Marine Division, Camp Pendleton, California
  • 1950 - 1952 : Commanding Officer of the Basic School, Quantico, Virginia
  • 1953 - 1955 : Served as Fiscal Director of the Marine Corps
  • 1956 - 1957 : Promoted to Major General, served as Inspector General for Recruit Training
  • 1957 - 1958 : Served as Commanding General of the 1st Marine Division, Camp Pendleton, California, and 3rd Marine Division, Okinawa
  • 1959: Commanding General of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina
  • 12 - Aug : Nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to be the 22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps
  • 1960 - 1963 : Served as 22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps, promoted to four-star general rank, served on the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • 1963: Retired to Arlington, Virginia. Became an outspoken critic of the war in Vietnam
  • 1983: Died, buried in Arlington National Cemetery

From the guide to the David Monroe Shoup Papers, 1904-1983, (Hoover Institution Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PRESIDENTIAL INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. AN ANSWER (MN-9797)
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. AN ANSWER (MN-9797)
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. SEC NAV FRED KORTH RETIRES Pentagon
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. Inaugaration of President John F. Kennedy, Washington, D. C.
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. GEN. TWINING'S RETIREMENT
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. Netherlands Defense Minister visits Sec. of Defense McElroy, [etc.]
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. AN ANSWER (MN-9797) Bogue Field, Cherry Point, N. C
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PRESIDENT KENNEDY VISITS HOMESTEAD AFB
referencedIn Weiss, David L., 1942-. Oral history interview with David L. Weiss, [sound recording], 2004. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ARRIVAL OF JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF
referencedIn Navy Screen Highlights United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. Nike Hercules Operation Zurf, White Sands, New Mexico ; Gen. Bruce C. Clarke's activities, Washington D.C. ; National day of prayer, Protestant services, Washington, D.C. ; Joint Chiefs of Staff, Washington D.C. ; Swearing of Secretary of Navy and Deputy Secretary of Defense, Washington, D.C. ; Swearing in of Assistant Secretaries, Washington, D.C.
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. MEDAL OF HONOR RECEPTION
creatorOf David Monroe Shoup Papers, 1904-1983 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL OF HONOR SOCIETY CONVENTION
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. INAUGURATION DAY ACTIVITIES 1961
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Joint Chiefs of Staff Visit Atlas Site
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. AN ANSWER (MN-9797)
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. AN ANSWER (MN 9797)
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. Meeting of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Washington, D. C.
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. COMMANDANT, MARINE CORPS VISIT TO EL TORO
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. Presentation of medal to White House plane crew, [etc.]
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. GENERAL WHITE HONORED
creatorOf Shoup, David M. (David Monroe), 1904-1983. Reminiscences of David Monroe Shoup : oral history, 1972. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Robert Lee Sherrod Papers, 1910-1963 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. GENERAL TWINING'S RETIREMENT
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PRESIDENT KENNEDY VISITS HOMESTEAD AFB
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. AN ANSWER (MN-9797)
referencedIn Shaw, Henry I., Jr., 1926-. Papers, 1949-1974. Joint Archive of Holland, History Research Center
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. COLONEL JOHN GLENN, USMC, BEING AWARDED ASTRONAUT WINGS BY SECNAV KORTH
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATION, CHANGE OF COMMAND
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF TOUR TITAN SITE
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. AN ANSWER (MN-9797)
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 62
referencedIn Van Stockum, Ronald Reginald, 1916-. Van Stockum, Ronald Reginald b.1916 Papers 1937-2001. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Shoup, David M. (David Monroe), 1904-1983. David M. Shoup papers, 1927-1971. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PRESIDENT KENNEDY VISITS SAC HEADQUARTERS
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969. person
associatedWith Luter, John, person
associatedWith Shaw, Henry I., Jr., 1926- person
associatedWith Sherrod, Robert Lee, 1909- person
associatedWith Tarawa, Battle of, 1943. corporateBody
associatedWith United States corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Marine Corps corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Marine Corps. Division, 2d. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Marine Corps. Division, 2nd. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Stockum, Ronald Reginald, 1916- person
associatedWith Weiss, David L., 1942- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Pacific Ocean
United States
Subject
Vietnam War, 1961-1975
Veterans--Interviews
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Ocean
World War, 1939-1945
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns
Tarawa, Battle of, Kiribati, 1943
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1904-12-30

Death 1983-01-13

Male

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6qv4hfh

SNAC ID: 24835603