Barnard, Edward Emerson, 1857-1923

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Astronomer (discoverer of moons of Jupiter). On the faculty at Vanderbilt University. Born and raised in Nashville, TN.

From the description of Tennessee Historical Society Miscellaneous Files Box 1 (B-4, B10 1/3, B10 1/2, B10 3/4), 1892-1906. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84586793

Barnard (1857-1923). Astronomer.

From the description of Papers, 1882-1923. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80633219

From the description of Papers of Edward Emerson Bernard, 1882-1923. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154303002

Astronomer. B.S., Vanderbilt University, 1887. Professor, University of Chicago, 1895-1921.

From the description of Notebooks, 1880-1916. (University of Chicago Library). WorldCat record id: 52247467

Edward Emerson Barnard was born in Nashville, Tennessee December 16th 1857. His father died before his birth, leaving the family in poverty. Barnard’s mother directed his education, and at the age of nine, he began working in a photographic studio.

In 1876, Barnard purchased a 5-inch (130 mm) refractor telescope and a basic astronomy book and taught himself observational astronomy. In 1881 he discovered the first of many comets. That same year he married Rhoda Calvert. In 1883, he received a fellowship to Vanderbilt University, graduating in mathematics in 1887. He was also an instructor at Vanderbilt during his studies.

In 1887 Barnard moved to California to work at the University of California’s new Lick Observatory. In 1892, he made the first photographic discovery of a comet. That same year Barnard discovered the fifth moon of Jupiter. He won the Gold Medal of Britain’s Royal Astronomical Society in 1897 for his research on the Milky Way, featured in A Photographic Atlas of Selected Regions of the Milky Way (1927).

In 1895 Barnard joined the faculty of the University of Chicago as a Professor of Practical Astronomy working first at the Kenwood Observatory, then at the newly constructed Yerkes Observatory, in Lake Geneva, Wisconsin.

A pioneering astrophotographer, Barnard cataloged a series of dark nebula, giving them numerical designations beginning with Barnard 1 and ending with Barnard 370. He published his initial list with a 1919 paper in the Astrophysical Journal, "On the Dark Markings of the Sky with a Catalogue of 182 such Objects".

Barnard died on February 6, 1923 in Williams Bay, Wisconsin, and was buried in Nashville.

From the guide to the Barnard. Edward Emerson. Papers, 1846-1926, (Special Collections Research Center University of Chicago Library 1100 East 57th Street Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Todd, David P. (David Peck), 1855-1939. David Peck Todd papers, 1862-1939 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Newcomb, Simon, 1835-1909. Papers of Simon Newcomb, 1854-1936 (bulk 1865-1909). Library of Congress
referencedIn Crew, William Henry, 1899-. Henry Crew at Northwestern University: A memoir, 1975. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Barnard, Edward Emerson, 1857-1923. [Miscellaneous material about the astronomer, associated with Yerkes Observatory since its inception]. Chicago History Museum
referencedIn Todd, David P. (David Peck), 1855-1939. David Peck Todd papers, 1862-1939 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Lange, O. V. (Oscar V.), d. 1913. Oscar V. Lange papers, 1887-1913. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Barnard. Edward Emerson. Papers, 1846-1926 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
creatorOf Barnard, Edward Emerson, 1857-1923. Tennessee Historical Society Miscellaneous Files Box 1 (B-4, B10 1/3, B10 1/2, B10 3/4), 1892-1906. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Young, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1834-1908. Selected papers [microform], 1849-1908. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Barnard, Edward Emerson, 1857-1923. Notebooks, 1880-1916. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Barnard, E. E. (Edward Emerson), 1857-1923. [Letter] 1895 April 14, Mount Hamilton [Calif. to] Charles A. Port / E.E. Barnard. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
creatorOf Barnard, Edward Emerson, 1857-1923. Papers of Edward Emerson Bernard, 1882-1923. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Olivier, Charles P. (Charles Pollard), b. 1884. Correspondence, 1915-1962. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Barnard, Edward Emerson, 1857-1923. Papers, 1882-1923. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Whelpley, Albert W. Albert W. Whelpley Autograph Collection. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Charles P. (Charles Pollard) Olivier correspondence, 1915-1962, 1915-1962 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn David Peck Todd papers, 1862-1939 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Barnard, E. E. (Edward Emerson), 1857-1923. person
associatedWith Calvert, Mary R. (Mary Ross), 1884- person
associatedWith Crew, William Henry, 1899- person
associatedWith Lange, O. V. (Oscar V.), d. 1913. person
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon, 1835-1909. person
associatedWith Olivier, Charles P. (Charles Pollard), b. 1884. person
associatedWith Tennessee Historical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Todd, David P. (David Peck), 1855-1939. person
associatedWith Whelpley, Albert W. person
associatedWith Yerkes Observatory corporateBody
associatedWith Yerkes Observatory (Green Bay, Wis.) corporateBody
associatedWith Young, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1834-1908. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Jupiter (Planet)
Jupiter (Planet)
Jupiter (Planet)
Subject
Astronomy--Observations
Jupiter (Planet)--Observations
Comets--Photographs
Milky Way--Photographs
Astronomy
Occupation
Astronomers
Function

Person

Birth 1857-12-16

Death 1923-02-06

Americans

English

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