Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890

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Epithet: explorer

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001030.0x00032a

Sir Richard Francis Burton was an explorer, adventurer, athlete, author, scientist, diplomat, and one of the preeminent linguists and translators of the 19th century. His legendary exploits include being the first European to describe Mecca after exploring the city in disguise, and several expeditions in unexplored Africa in search of the source of the Nile. Extremely accomplished, he was also a controversial personality, and his descriptions of sexual mores in primitive tribes were notorious in his day.

From the description of Richard Francis Burton letter to Gerald Massey, 1881 May 3. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 52999944

English explorer and author.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Trieste, to an unidentified correspondent, 1874 Apr. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270131802

British explorer and scholar.

From the description of Letters : from Sir Richard Francis Burton and Lady Burton, to Alexander Wheelock Thayer, 1885-1895. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 14398296

English explorer, author, and linguist.

From the description of Papers, 1855-1890. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122653090

Richard Francis Burton was born March 19, 1821, at Torquay; he was educated at Trinity College, Oxford, but did not take a degree. He became a noted linguist, writer, translator and explorer; he is probably best known for his translations of the works of The Arabian Nights and The Kama Sutra..., as well as his travels in Africa, the Middle East, South America and Iceland. Isabel Arundell was born March 20, 1831, in London, of an old, established Roman Catholic family. In 1861, after an eleven-year courtship, Richard and Isabel were married, and from that time she accompanied Burton on his travels, and became his amanuensis and editor. Isabel Burton also used her family connections to help further Burton's career in the Foreign Office. Besides serving as Burton's editor, Isabel published a number of works, mainly travel volumes and an autobiography. Burton was given his final consulate at Trieste in 1873, and was knighted in 1886; after years of ill-health, he suffered a heart attack and died on October 19, 1890. Isabel Burton returned to England to oversee the literary estate of her husband; she died on March 22, 1896, from complications of ovarian cancer.

Edwards Huntington Metcalf , grandson of Henry E. Huntington. An avid collector, Edwards H. Metcalf served on the Board of Overseers of the Huntington Library from 1978 until his death in 2001.

From the description of Papers of Sir Richard Francis Burton, 1846-2003 (bulk 1846-1939) (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 228769785

Captain Sir Richard Francis Burton (1821-1890) was a 19th century British explorer, translator, Orientalist, author, linguist, poet and translator of The Arabian nights.

Born in Devon, England, Burton's early education was largely from tutors due to his family's habit of extensive and frequent travel. He went to Trinity College, Oxford in 1840; upon his expulsion in 1842 he traveled to India, where he began his lifelong study of Eastern languages, societies and customs. The following years were filled with travel and adventure, including a pilgrimage to Mecca for which Burton disguised himself as a native, an exploit which made him famous. In the 1850s he explored the interior of Somali land and made an expedition to the sources of the Nile. In 1861 he married Isabel Arundell (1831-1896) and shortly thereafter entered the British foreign service and was consul in Fernando Po, Brazil, Damascus and Trieste. In his later years Burton produced many travel books as well as translations of The Arabian Nights and an edition of the Kama Sutra in English.

From the guide to the Richard Francis Burton Papers, 1855-1891, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Mackenzie, Alan Francis Stuart. Study on Sir Richard Francis Burton and Isabel Arundell Burton [manuscript] 1971. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Logbook and journal from the H.M.S. Investigator, 1862-1864. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Richard Francis Burton letter to Gerald Massey, 1881 May 3. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Notes and review : manuscript, [ca. 1884], 1888. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn FitzGerald, Edward, 1809-1883. Papers of Edward Fitzgerald, 1849-1899. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Greek inscriptions from Syria, 1869-1871. American Primers
referencedIn Burton, Isabel, Lady, 1831-1896. Banking correspondence, 1876-1887. American Primers
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Sir Richard Burton collection. McGill University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1693-1917 (inclusive), 1762-1917 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Letter: to Brigham Young /by Sir Richard Francis Burton, 1866 Sep 10. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Autograph letter signed : London, to an unidentified recipient [name illegible], 1864 Dec. 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn John Edward Gray papers, 1783-1884, 1783-1884 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Lawrence, T. E. (Thomas Edward), 1888-1935. Papers of T.E. Lawrence, 1894-2006 (bulk 1911-2000). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Letters : from Sir Richard Francis Burton and Lady Burton, to Alexander Wheelock Thayer, 1885-1895. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Mackenzie, Alan Francis Stuart. Captain Sir Richard F. Burton, K.C.M.G. and Lady Isabel Arundell Burton, his wife [manuscript] : vital statistics. Part II. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Papers, 1855-1890. American Primers
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Letter, 1911 July 31, Chemenin, Vevey, Geneva, Switzerland [to] Mr. [Edwin] Markham [Staten Island] / Richard Burton. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Autograph letter signed : Trieste, to Faulkner, [no year] May 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Postcard, 1888, July 23, London, to J. C. Cotton, London. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Photograph : [n.p., n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Letter, 1885 January 12, Trieste, Italy, to unknown correspondent. University Club Library
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Letter, 1910-1920, University of Minnesota, [to] Mr. [Edwin] Markham [Staten Island] / Richard Burton. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
referencedIn Swinburne, Algernon Charles, 1837-1909. Letter [18]85 Jun. 23, The Pines [London] to [Alice] Bird, London. University of Michigan
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Autograph letter signed : Trieste, to an unidentified correspondent, 1874 Apr. 2. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Allinson, A. R. (Alfred Richard). Papers of Alfred Richard Allinson, 1905-1933. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Isabel Burton banking correspondence, 1876-1887 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Letter to [?] Tinsley. [s.l.]. [18--] University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Vol. V, ff. 291, A-E.includes:f. 1 Andrew Leith Adams, FRS: Letter to [ ?T. R. Jones]: 1864. f. 3 William Grylls Adams, Professor of Natural Philosophy, King's College, London: Letter to [?T. R. Jones]: 1875. ff. 5, 7 Jacob Georg Agardh, Swedish natu... British Library
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. El Islam, [18--]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Bigger, Morton. The Arabist and the aristocrat : Burton, Speke and the mountains of the moon / by Morton Bigger, Jr. LSU Shreveport - Noel Memorial Library, Noel Memorial Library
referencedIn Macfall, Haldane, 1860-1928. Letter : London, to "Dear Walker," 1922 Mar. 29. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
referencedIn Fawn McKay Brodie papers, 1932-1983 J. Willard Marriott Library, University of UtahManuscripts Division
creatorOf Train, Russell E., 1920- ,. The Russell E. Train Africana Collection, 1663-1996. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Richard Francis Burton Papers, 1855-1891 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, A-D. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Fletcher, Inglis, 1879-1969. Inglis Fletcher papers, 1883-1964 [manuscript]. East Carolina University, Joyner Library
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. El Islam, [18--]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Autograph letters signed (2) : Trieste, to Morison, 1872 Oct. 12 and 1876 Sept. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Appendix No. 9. Visit to Hauran [i.e. Syria] : autograph manuscript of the beginning of an account of a visit to Syria undertaken on 24 May 1871, paper watermarked 1868. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Papers of Sir Richard Francis Burton, 1846-2003 (bulk 1846-1939) Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Wylde Family Papers, 1831-1923 Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith African Gold Coast Syndicate. corporateBody
associatedWith Allinson, A. R. (Alfred Richard) person
associatedWith Apuleius. person
associatedWith Ariosto, Lodovico, 1474-1533. person
associatedWith Bigger, Morton. person
associatedWith Bransten, Rena, person
associatedWith Brodie, Fawn McKay, 1915-1981. person
associatedWith Burton family. family
associatedWith Burton, Isabel, Lady, 1831-1896. person
associatedWith Cameron, Verney Lovett. person
associatedWith Camões, Luís de, 1524?-1580 person
associatedWith Carrington, Charles, person
associatedWith C. Kegan Paul & Co. Publishers. corporateBody
associatedWith Cole, George R. Fitz-Roy. person
associatedWith Cotton, J. C., person
associatedWith Dixon, William Hepworth, 1821-1879. person
associatedWith Doughty, Charles Montagu, 1843-1926. person
associatedWith Drake, Charles F. Tyrwhitt, 1846-1874. person
associatedWith Faulkner, person
associatedWith FitzGerald, Edward, 1809-1883. person
associatedWith Fletcher, Inglis, 1879-1969. person
associatedWith Glazier, Henry S., person
associatedWith Gray, John Edward person
associatedWith Great Britain. Consulate (Trieste, Italy) corporateBody
associatedWith Guinea Coast Gold Mining Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Henry & Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Houghton Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Hunfalvy, János, 1820-1888, person
associatedWith Ismail, Khedive of Egypt, 1830-1895. person
associatedWith Kirby, W. F. (William Forsell), 1844-1912. person
associatedWith Lawrence, T. E. (Thomas Edward), 1888-1935. person
associatedWith Macfall, Haldane, 1860-1928. person
associatedWith Magyar, László, 1818-1864. person
associatedWith Marie, Georges. person
associatedWith Markham, Edwin, 1852-1940, person
associatedWith Massey, Gerald, 1828-1907, person
associatedWith Metcalf, Edwards H. (Edwards Huntington), person
associatedWith Morison, person
associatedWith Murchison, J. H. person
associatedWith Notcutt, Oliver. person
associatedWith Payne, John, 1842-1916. person
associatedWith Pincherle, James. person
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
associatedWith Sheridan family. family
correspondedWith Smithers, Leonard C. (Leonard Charles), 1861-1907 person
associatedWith Swinburne, Algernon Charles, 1837-1909. person
associatedWith Tassoni, Alessandro, 1565-1635. person
associatedWith Teixeira de Mattos, Alexander, 1865-1921. person
associatedWith Thayer, Alexander Wheelock, 1817-1897. person
associatedWith Tinsley, John. person
associatedWith Tootal, Albert. person
associatedWith Train, Russell E., 1920- , person
associatedWith Waddington, W. H. (William Henry), 1826-1894. person
associatedWith Walker, R. B. N. (Robert Bruce N.) person
associatedWith Wylde family family
associatedWith Young, Brigham, 1801-1877. person
associatedWith Yule, Henry, Sir, 1820-1889. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Iceland
Brazil
Africa
Great Britain
Egypt
Great Britain
Utah
Syria
Balkan Peninsula
Syria
Italy, Northern
Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
Ghana
Great Britain
Africa, West
Great Britain
Trieste (Italy)
Arabian Peninsula
Utah
Subject
Islam
Explorers--Correspondence
Mormons--History--Sources
Women authors, English--19th century
Poets, British
Literature--British
Gold mines and mining
Scholars--Correspondence
Explorers
Authors and publishers--Contracts and specifications
Explorers--Archives
Portuguese language--Study and teaching--History--19th century
Explorers, British--Correspondence, reminiscences, etc
Translators
Linguists
Inscriptions, Greek
Authors, English--19th century--Archives
Catholic women
Authors and publishers--Correspondence
Mormons
Arabists--Correspondence
Erotic literature--Publishing--History--19th century--Sources
Travelers' writings, English
Occupation
Translator
Authors
Explorers
Function

Person

Birth 1821-03-19

Death 1890-10-20

Britons

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 28263320