Muni, Paul, 1895-1967

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Paul Muni (Mehilem Weisenfreund), actor of stage and screen, was born in Austria on September 22, 1895.

Muni's early career on the American stage was in the Yiddish theater where he acted under the name Muni Weisenfreund. His first role was in the production TWO CORPSES AT BREAKFAST in 1908. During the years 1908 through 1926 he toured in Yiddish theater productions becoming a member of the Yiddish Art Theatre in 1918. Paul Muni married Bella Finkel an actress of the Yiddish theater on May 8, 1921.

In 1926 he played Morris Levine in the play WE AMERICANS followed in 1927 by the play FOUR WALLS. In 1930 he began using the name Paul Muni. Plays he starred in after that date include COUNSELLER-AT-LAW, KEY LARGO, A FLAG IS BORN, THEY KNEW WHAT THEY WANTED, DEATH OF A SALESMAN and INHERIT THE WIND for which he won a Tony Award. Muni was also a successful motion picture actor, appearing in many notable Hollywood films including SCARFACE, I AM A FUGITIVE FROM A CHAIN GANG, BLACK FURY, DR. SOCRATES, THE STORY OF LOUIS PASTEUR, for which he won an Oscar in 1936, THE GOOD EARTH, THE WOMAN I LOVE, THE LIFE OF EMILE ZOLA, WE ARE NOT ALONE, COMMANDOS STRIKE AT DAWN and THE LAST ANGRY MAN.

Paul Muni had a great interest in the plight of European Jews and this can be seen in the correspondence with his friends and professional contacts. He starred in Ben Hecht's pageant A FLAG IS BORN which rallied support for Israel. Paul Muni died in California on August 25, 1967.

From the description of Paul Muni papers, ca. 1920-1967. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122517216

Paul Muni (Mehilem Weisenfreund), actor of stage and screen, was born in Austria on September 22, 1895. Muni's early career on the American stage was in the Yiddish theater where he acted under the name Muni Weisenfreund. His first role was in the production Two Corpses at Breakfast in 1908. During the years 1908 through 1926 he toured in Yiddish theater productions becoming a member of the Yiddish Art Theatre in 1918. Paul Muni married Bella Finkel an actress of the Yiddish theater on May 8, 1921.

In 1926 he played Morris Levine in the play We Americans followed in 1927 by the play Four Walls . In 1930 he began using the name Paul Muni. Plays he starred in after that date include Counseller-At-Law, Key Largo, A Flag Is Born, They Knew What They Wanted, Death of a Salesman and Inherit the Wind for which he won a Tony Award.

Muni was also a successful motion picture actor, appearing in many notable Hollywood films including Scarface, I Am A Fugitive From a Chain Gang, Black Fury, Dr. Socrates, The Story of Louis Pasteur for which he won an Oscar in 1936, The Good Earth, The Woman I Love, The Life of Emile Zola, We Are Not Alone, Commandos Strike At Dawn and The Last Angry Man .

Paul Muni had a great interest in the plight of European Jews and this can be seen in the correspondence with his friends and professional contacts. He starred in Ben Hecht's pageant A Flag Is Born which rallied support for Israel. Paul Muni died in California on August 25, 1967.

From the guide to the Paul Muni papers, circa 1920-1967, (The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Schaefler, Sam, 1920-,. Historical and Literary Letters and Documents, 1674-197-. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Paul Muni collection, 1908-1980 (inclusive), 1932-1959 (bulk). Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Horgan, Paul, 1903-1995. Constable Correspondence, 1935-1945. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
referencedIn Bendiner, Alfred. Alfred Bendiner caricatures and related papers. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Muni, Paul, 1895-1967. Correspondence with Margaret Naumburg, 1937. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation. Correspondence with Margaret Naumburg, 1937. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Row, Arthur William, 1878-1961. Arthur William Row papers, 1902-1961. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Robert Benney research materials, 1926-1978 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Biography: Melvyn Douglas, 1972-1980 Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memoryhttp://www.indiana.edu/~cshm
creatorOf Muni, Paul, 1895-1967. Paul Muni papers, ca. 1920-1967. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn John Eldon Thayer collection of motion picture memorabilia, 1916-1979. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Rice, Elmer, 1892-1967. Counsellor-at-law : a play in three acts / by Elmer Rice. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Lawrence, Jerome, 1915-2004. Jerome Lawrence-Robert E. Lee collection, ca. 1939-1986. Ohio State University Libraries
creatorOf Toby Gordon Ryan Collection. The Life of Emile Zola, 1936 - house program. University of Guelph
creatorOf Paul Muni papers, circa 1920-1967 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Kenneth Raisbeck papers, 1916-1938. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Souvenir programs for theatrical productions, 1906-2005. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Browne, Maurice, 1881-1955. Ellen Van Volkenburg-Maurice Browne general correspondence, 1911- University of Michigan
referencedIn Ohio State University. Libraries. Friends of the Libraries. Actors, singers, playwrights, politicians, etc. scrapbook. 1900-1940. Ohio State University Libraries
creatorOf Rice, Elmer, 1892-1967,. Elmer Rice letters from various correspondents, 1915-1967. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Muni, Paul, 1895-1967. Correspondence to Alma Mahler, 1950. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Theatre Arts Monthly, collection of portraits, ca., ca., 1924-1939 (bulk), 1916-1964 (inclusive). Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Croner, Ted. Inherit the wind poster, [1955] New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Alfred Bendiner caricatures and related papers, 1929-1992 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Elmer Rice letters from various correspondents, 1915-1967. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Arthur William Row papers, 1902-1961 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Actors' Fund of America corporateBody
associatedWith Albert Einstein person
associatedWith Amelia Earhart person
associatedWith Anderson, Maxwell, 1888-1959. person
associatedWith Anderson, Sherwood, 1876-1941. person
associatedWith Beach, Rex, 1877-1949. person
associatedWith Beliveau, E. person
associatedWith Bendiner, Alfred. person
associatedWith Benney, Robert, 1904-2001 person
associatedWith Box Office Blue Ribbon Award corporateBody
associatedWith Browne, Maurice, 1881-1955. person
associatedWith Buchman, Sidney, 1902-1975 person
associatedWith Burnet, Dana, 1888-1962 person
associatedWith Cotsworth, Staats, 1908- person
associatedWith Cotsworth, Staats, 1908-1979. person
associatedWith Coward, Noel, 1899-1973. person
associatedWith Crawford, Cheryl, 1902-1986. person
associatedWith Earhart, Amelia, 1897-1937. person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955. person
associatedWith Feuchtwanger, Lion, 1884-1958. person
associatedWith Golden, John, 1874-1955. person
associatedWith Gropper, Milton Herbert person
associatedWith Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America corporateBody
associatedWith Hayes, Helen, 1900-1993 person
associatedWith Hecht, Ben, 1893-1964 person
associatedWith Hershfield, Harry, 1885-1974 person
associatedWith Hopkins, Arthur, 1878-1950. person
associatedWith Horgan, Paul, 1903-1995. person
associatedWith Howard, Sidney Coe, 1891-1939 person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith John Golden person
associatedWith Lawrence, Jerome, 1915-2004. person
associatedWith LeRoy, Mervyn, 1900-1987 person
associatedWith Lewis, Albert, 1884-1978. person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Maxwell Anderson person
associatedWith Miller, Arthur, 1915- person
associatedWith Morgan, Helen, 1900-1941. person
associatedWith Muni, Bella. person
associatedWith Paul Muni person
associatedWith Powell, Dick, 1904-1963. person
associatedWith Raisbeck, Kenneth. person
associatedWith Rex Beach person
associatedWith Rice, Elmer, 1892-1967, person
associatedWith Robinson, Edward G., 1893-1973 person
associatedWith Rose, Billy, 1899-1966. person
associatedWith Row, Arthur William, 1878-1961. person
associatedWith Schaefler, Sam, 1920-, person
associatedWith Screen Actors Guild corporateBody
associatedWith Siegel, Max person
associatedWith Skinner, Cornelia Otis, 1901-1979 person
associatedWith Staats Cotsworth person
associatedWith Thayer, John Eldon, 1899-1980 person
associatedWith Toby Gordon Ryan Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Warfield, David, 1866-1951 person
associatedWith Warner Bros. Pictures corporateBody
associatedWith Warner, Hal person
associatedWith Warner, Harry Morris, 1881-1958. person
associatedWith Wright, Robert Craig, 1914- person
associatedWith Yurka, Blanche person
associatedWith Yurka, Blanche. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Motion picture actors and actresses
Acting
Occupation
Actors
Function

Person

Birth 1895-09-22

Death 1967-08-25

Americans

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pv7k5k

Ark ID: w6pv7k5k

SNAC ID: 65043964