Constantine John Phipps

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Title: 2nd Baron Mulgrave

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000862.0x00035a

Constantine John Phipps was born in 1744, the eldest son of the first Baron Mulgrave, a peer of Ireland. In 1760, he entered the Navy, serving in the West Indies before advancing to the rank of lieutenant in 1762 and commander in 1763. He embarked upon a career in politics in 1768 when he was elected Member of Parliament for Lincoln.

In 1773, Phipps led the British Naval North Polar Expedition, sent by the Admiralty to determine how far navigation was possible toward the North Pole from Spitsbergen. Sailing in HMS Racehorse, in company with HMS Carcass under Captain Skeffington Lutwidge, the expedition reached a farthest north of 80° 48 minutes North in July 1773 before impenetrable ice forced them to turn back. His narrative of the expedition was published in 1774.

On the death of his father in 1775, Phipps succeeded as second Baron Mulgrave and was later created a peer of Great Britain as Baron Mulgrave in 1790. In 1777, he won the parliamentary seat for Huntingdon and was appointed a lord of the Admiralty. At the Battle of Ushant in 1778, he commanded HMS Courageux, in which he remained until the end of the war in 1783. In 1784, Phipps was elected Member of Parliament for Newark-upon-Trent and was appointed joint paymaster-general of the forces, later serving as commissioner for the affairs of India. Resigning due to ill health in 1791, he died on 10 October 1792 at Liege.

Published work A voyage towards the North Pole undertaken by His Majesty's command, 1773 by Constantine John Phipps, Caedmon of Whitby Press, Whitby (1978) SPRI Library Shelf (3)91(08)[1773]

From the guide to the Constantine Phipps collection, 1773, (Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Constantine Phipps collection, 1773 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn LETTER-BOOK AND ORDER-BOOK of Vice-Admiral George Darby, vol. I; Aug. 1780-Apr. 1782.Navy; England: Letter-book and Order-book of Vice-Adm. G. Darby: 1780-1782.Vice-Admiral George Darby: Letterbook and Order-book: 1780-1782.Philip Stephens, Secretary... British Library
creatorOf NORTH (SHEFFIELD PARK) PAPERS. Vol. IX (ff. 219). 1. ff. 1-172. Letters, memorials and petitions received relating to patronage, mostly to Lord North; 1769-1788, n.d. 2. ff. 173-219. Letters mostly to Lord North from correspondents seeking charity; 1..., 1769-1789 British Library
referencedIn Vol. I (ff. i + 214). (a) Papers relating to the "European Magazine," with details respecting the Handel Commemoration, 1784-1787. ff. 59 b-100; (b) Facsimile of Milton's assignment of "Paradise Lost" to S. Symons, 1667. The original is Add. MS. 1886... British Library
referencedIn Vol. VII, ff. 306, L-Q.includes:f. 1 Sir Edwin Ray Lankester, KCB; FRS: Letter to T. R. Jones: 1875.f. 3 Sir Edwin Ray Lankester, KCB; FRS: Letter to C. W. Andrews: n.d.f. 5 Charles Lapworth, FRS; geologist: Letter to -: 1882.ff. 7, 9 Édouard... British Library
creatorOf British Records Association Collection. Vol. X (ff. 215). Royalty, peers, their wives, etc.; 1672-1891. Partly French. Alphabetically arranged by title. Includes (ff. 118-160) correspondence of William Wellesley-Pole, afterwards Pole-Tylney-Long-Well..., 1672-1891 British Library
referencedIn Vol. XXXII. (ff. 279). April 1782-Dec. 1793.William Windham, Secretary of State, etc: General political correspondence: 1782-1810.includes:f. 1 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham; Prime Minister: Letter to, from W.Windham: 1782.f.... British Library
referencedIn Vol. XXIX (ff. 368). Mar. 1782-Dec. 1785.John Robinson, Secretary to the Treasury: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1761-1802.includes:f. 1 Pennel Phippard: Letter to the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1782. f. 5 Wilmot Vaughan, Viscount Lisbu... British Library
referencedIn Vol. CCLXXXIII (ff. 347). 1791-1800.includes:f. 1 Edward Harley, 5th Earl of Oxford: Letter to the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1791. ff. 2, 8 Robert Banks Jenkinson, Baron Hawkesbury; 2nd Earl of Liverpool; Prime Minister: Correspondence with his father ..., 1791-1800 British Library
referencedIn Vol. XXVII (ff. 370). Apr.-Aug. 1781.John Robinson, Secretary to the Treasury: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1761-1802.includes:ff. 1, 33, 103 Benjamin Pye, Archdeacon of Durham 1791: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1... British Library
referencedIn Vol. XXXIV (ff. 348). Apr. 1788-Jan.1789.John Reeves, formerly Chief Justice of Newfoundland: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1787-1802.includes:f. i Captain Elliot Salter, RN: Letter to the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1788. f. 3 Cheshire:... British Library
referencedIn Vol. CXX (ff. 183). 10 Nov 1781-31 July, 1787.Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1779-1794.includes:f. 1 Montague Cribb, widow of Major R Cribb: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1781. f. ... British Library
referencedIn Vol. II. (I. ff. 382). 1762-1794.includes:f. 1 Richard Howe, Viscount and 1st Earl Howe: Instructions to Capt. Suckling: 1762. f. 1 Captain Maurice Suckling, RN: Instructions to, from Adm. Howe: 1762. f. 8 General Sir John Dalling, Governor of Jama..., 1762-1794 British Library
referencedIn Vol. CXV (ff. 137). 19 Nov. 1763-16 Apr. 1765.includes:ff. 1-101b passim Johann Baptist Feronce von Rosencreutz, Envoy Extraordinary of the Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel in London: Letters to, from the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1763-1792.: Fr. ff. 1-1... British Library
referencedIn Vol. XXIV (ff. 301). Jan.-May, 1780.Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1779-1794.John Robinson, Secretary to the Treasury: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1761-1802.includes:f. 1 Sir Gre... British Library
referencedIn Vol. CXVIII (ff. 233). 21 July, 1779-2 Sept. 1780.Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst: Correspondence with the 1st Earl of Liverpool: 1779-1794.M-Pierrepont, Secretary to the 1st Earl of Liverpool: Letter-books of the same written by: 1775-1783.inclu... British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Place Name Admin Code Country
Antigua, the Carribean
Jamaica, Central America
Newfoundland, Canada
Arctic regions Discovery and exploration
Levant, Asia Minor
Corsica, France
Norwich, Norfolk
Netherlands, Europe
Scotland, United Kingdom
Persia, Asia Minor
Dublin, Ireland
Norwich, Norfolk
Scotland, Kingdom of, United Kingdom
Shirburn Castle, Oxfordshire
India, Asia
Lancashire, England
India, Asia
Liverpool, England
Cheshire, England
North America, America
United States of America
Calcutta, India
Ireland, Europe
Derbyshire, England
Ireland, Europe
Liverpool, Lancashire
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Person

Active 1672

Active 1891

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