Micheaux, Oscar, 1884-1951

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Oscar Micheaux (b. Jan. 2, 1884, Metropolis, IL–d. March 25, 1951, Charlotte, NC) was born to Calvin and Bell Michaux, both former slaves. He started working as a teenager in various jobs (in stockyard, steel mills, as a shoe shiner, and eventually a Pullman porter) before buying a homestead in Gregory County, SD. While on his homestead he married Orlean McCracken although the marriage did not last. Micheaux started writing for The Chicago Defender urging black people to take advantage of the land grab out West and authored 7 novels. He adapted his novel "The Homesteader" into a film in 1919 and became a successful and provocative producer. Michaux opened offices for his production studio in Chicago and Harlem.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Wallace, Michele. Michele Wallace papers, ca. 1940-2004. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Kenn Freeman papers, 1930-1988 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn George P. Johnson Negro Film Collection, 1916-1977 University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
referencedIn Berry, Mike. Great Bend salutes a hometown hero : Oscar Micheaux honored / by Mike Berry. Kansas State Historical Society
creatorOf Freeman, Kenn, 1917-1991. Kenn Freeman papers, 1930-1988. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Norman, R.E. mss., 1912-1954 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Oscar Micheaux Society. Oscar Micheaux Society records, 1976-2004. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Cripps, Thomas. Thomas Cripps film collection, 1898-1976 and undated. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Midnight Ramble United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Johnson, George P., 1885-1977. Negro film collection 1916-1977. University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn Thomas, Roy T. Roy Thomas collection on Black filmmaking, 1916-1987 (bulk 1970-1979). UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Oscar Micheaux : Black Cinema Pioneer United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Wetlands and Wildlife Scenic Byway - Grave of Oscar Micheaux United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Wetlands and Wildlife Scenic Byway - Oscar Micheaux United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Relation Name
associatedWith Berry, Mike person
associatedWith Chicago Defender corporateBody
associatedWith Cripps, Thomas. person
associatedWith Freeman, Kenn, 1917-1991. person
associatedWith Johnson, George P., 1885-1977. person
associatedWith Norman, Richard E. (Richard Edward), 1891-1961 person
associatedWith Oscar Micheaux Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Thomas, Roy T. person
associatedWith Wallace, Michele person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Gregory County SD US
United States 00 US
Metropolis IL US
Charlotte NC US
Subject
Film industry
Occupation
Authors
Motion picture producers and directors
Function

Person

Birth 1884-01-02

Death 1951-04-01

Americans

English

Information

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