Cook, Frederick Albert, 1865-1940

Alternative names
Birth 1865-06-10
Death 1940-08-05

Biographical notes:

Explorer, author, and businessman.

From the description of Audio materials [sound recording]. [1937-1991] (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 40723117

Physician and polar explor on three expeditions to North Greenland, 1891-1894; part of Belgian Antarctic Expedition, 1897-1899.

From the description of Letter from Frederick Albert Cook to S.S. McClure, Ltd., 1894 March 28. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 70292749

Cook claimed to have been the first to attain the summit of Mount McKinley (1906) and the North Pole (1908).

From the description of Papers, 1902-1975. (Dartmouth College Library). WorldCat record id: 237352182

Physician, explorer, and author.

From the description of Papers, 1881-1977 (bulk 1891-1940). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 31816495

From the description of Papers of Frederick Albert Cook, 1881-1977 (bulk 1891-1940). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71072252

Biographical Note

  • 1865, June 10: Born, Hortonville, Sullivan County, N.Y.
  • 1885 - 1886 : Student, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, N.Y.
  • 1889: Married Libby Forbes (died 1890)
  • 1890: Graduated (M.D.) University Medical College, New York, N.Y.
  • 1891 - 1892 : Surgeon and ethnologist, North Greenland expedition led by Robert E. Peary
  • 1893: Led Greenland expedition aboard the Zeta
  • 1897 - 1899 : Surgeon and ethnologist, Belgian Antarctic expedition led by Adrien de Gerlache, aboard the Belgica
  • 1900: Published Through the First Antarctic Night (New York: Doubleday & McClure Co. xxiv, 478 pp.)
  • 1901: Surgeon, Robert E. Peary's Greenland expedition aboard the Erik
  • 1902: Married Marie Fidell Hunt (divorced 1923)
  • 1906: Claimed attainment of the summit of Mount McKinley, Alaska
  • 1907, July 3: Gloucester, Mass. Gloucester Greenland Greenland Green Island Greenwood Landing Randall Greene Landing Strip Greenly Island Greenlawn Trailer Park Green Island Greenland Church Green Island Green Island Ledges Green Island Green Island Green Island Green Island Greenland School (historical) Greenlawn Cemetery Green Island Bay Green Island Green Island Pond Green Island Evergreen Landing Green Island Green Island Sailed from Gloucester, Mass., for Greenland aboard the John R. Bradley in preparation for polar expedition
  • 1908: Published To the Top of the Continent (New York: Doubleday, Page & Co. xxi, 321 pp.)
  • 1908, Apr. 21: Claimed discovery of the North Pole
  • 1909, Sept. 1: Telegram from Lerwick, Shetland Islands, announcing Cook's claim
  • 1909, Sept. 6: Robert E. Peary's counterclaim message received
  • 1911: Published My Attainment of the Pole (New York: Polar Publishing Co. xx, 640 pp.)
  • 1915 - 1916 : Led round-the-world expedition, focusing on anthropological study in Borneo
  • 1917: Conducted geological exploration in Wyoming
  • 1923: Convicted of mail fraud in connection with Petroleum Producers' Association stock issue
  • 1925 - 1930 : Inmate, United States Penitentiary in Leavenworth, Kans.; editor of prison newspaper, Leavenworth New Era (later called New Era)
  • 1940, Aug. 5: Died, New Rochelle, N.Y.

From the guide to the Frederick Albert Cook Papers, 1881-1977, (bulk 1891-1940), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)


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  • Manuscripts--English
  • Voyages around the world
  • Ethnology--Patagonia (Argentina and Chile)
  • Sled dogs
  • Cold--Physiological effect
  • Petroleum industry and trade--Corrupt practices
  • Prison reformers
  • Ethnology--Greenland
  • Ethnology--Africa
  • Ethnology
  • Explorers
  • Dog shows
  • Drug abuse--Treatment
  • Ethnology--Tierra del Fuego (Argentina and Chile)
  • Diet
  • Prison periodicals
  • Nutrition


  • Authors
  • Explorers
  • Physicians


  • Arctic regions (as recorded)
  • North Pole (as recorded)
  • Antarctica (as recorded)
  • Polar regions (as recorded)
  • Tierra del Fuego (Argentina and Chile) (as recorded)
  • Antarctica (as recorded)
  • Arctic regions (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--Buffalo (as recorded)
  • McKinley, Mount (Alaska) (as recorded)
  • Antarctica (as recorded)
  • North Pole (as recorded)
  • North Pole (as recorded)
  • McKinley, Mount (Alaska) (as recorded)
  • Arctic regions (as recorded)
  • Patagonia (Argentina and Chile) (as recorded)
  • McKinley, Mount (Alaska) (as recorded)
  • Patagonia (Argentina and Chile) (as recorded)
  • Tierra del Fuego (Argentina and Chile) (as recorded)
  • Greenland (as recorded)
  • Arctic regions (as recorded)
  • Africa (as recorded)
  • Arctic regions (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts--Boston (as recorded)
  • Arctic regions (as recorded)
  • McKinley, Mount (Alaska) (as recorded)
  • North Pole (as recorded)
  • Africa (as recorded)
  • North Pole (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • McKinley, Mount (Alaska) (as recorded)
  • North Pole (as recorded)
  • Greenland (as recorded)
  • Arctic regions (as recorded)