Hines, Earl, 1903-1983

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Musician; interviewee d. 1983.

From the description of Reminiscences of Earl Kenneth (Fatha) Hines : oral history, 1971. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122419716

Jazz musician.

From the description of Clipping with autograph signed : [1963]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270904707

Biographical Information

(b Duquesne, PA, 28 Dec 1903; d Oakland, CA, 22 April 1983). American jazz pianist and bandleader. He studied the trumpet briefly with his father, took his first piano lessons with his mother, and later studied with other teachers in Pittsburgh. He first played professionally in 1918, accompanying the singer Lois Deppe, with whom he later made his first recordings; his earnings allowed him to study with two local pianists.

Hines moved to Chicago in 1923. He played with Carroll Dickerson's orchestra at the Entertainers Club (c1925), on a 42-week tour to the West Coast and Canada (1925-6) and back in Chicago at the Sunset Club. During this last engagement Hines and his fellow sideman Louis Armstrong doubled as members of Erskine Tate's Vendome Theater Orchestra. In 1927 Hines became director of Dickerson's group under Armstrong's nominal leadership and at the end of the year he joined Jimmie Noone's band at the Apex Club. In 1928 Hines recorded several titles with Noone, including Apex Blues (1928, Voc.), and made a series of influential recordings with Armstrong, among them the highly original trumpet and piano duet Weather Bird (1928, OK); he also recorded a group of solos for QRS.

On his 25th birthday Hines inaugurated his own band at the Grand Terrace in Chicago, where he played for ten years; the band became known through nationwide tours and, from 1934, radio broadcasts. Until 1947 he continued to lead big bands, featuring such important figures as Billy Eckstine, Sarah Vaughan, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie and many others. From 1948 to 1951 Hines played with Armstrong's All Stars and afterwards worked with small groups led by himself and others, attracting critical notice in the mid-1960s for his solo, trio and quartet playing. He led his own small band into the 1980s, and continued to perform regularly in the USA and abroad until the weekend before his death.

[From The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians]

From the guide to the Earl "Fatha" Hines collection, 1903-1983, bulk 1903-1983, (University of California, Berkeley. Music Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. I wish I could shimmy [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. One night in Trinidad [Multimédia multisupport] / Earl "Fatha" Hines, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. I know what you know [Multimédia multisupport] / Earl "Fatha" Hines, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Grover Sales Collection, 1940-2004 Archive of Recorded Sound
referencedIn Musical composers. African American Sheet Music Collection, 1879-1940 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Black in blue [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Goodpasteur, Ralph H. Ralph H. GoodPasteur items, 1950-1970. Chicago History Museum
creatorOf Earl "Fatha" Hines collection, 1903-1983, bulk 1903-1983 University of California, Berkeley. Music Library
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Song of the Islands. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. My Monday date : lead sheet : unpublished copyright deposit, 1928 / Earl Hines. Library of Congress
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Night ladies of the street. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. A monday date [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Johnny Green additional papers, 1923-1989. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Earle, Eugene. Eugene Earle collection, 1939-1980s. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Rosetta [Multimédia multisupport] / Earl "Fatha" Hines, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Song of the Islands [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. A monday date. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. If it's true [Multimédia multisupport] / Earl "Fatha" Hines, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Bolton, Robert, 1937-1988. Robert Bolton collection, 1955-1980 (bulk 1963-1969). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Everybody loves my baby [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. I wish I could shimmy [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. If I had you [Multimédia multisupport] / Earl "Fatha" Hines, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Earl's pearl [Multimédia multisupport] / Earl "Fatha" Hines, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Black in blue. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Everybody loves my baby. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. One night in Trinidad [Multimédia multisupport] / Earl "Fatha" Hines, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn The John Mehegan Collection, undated (20th century) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn Nicolas Slonimsky Collection, 1873-1997, (bulk 1920-1990) Music Division Library of Congress
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. St Louis blues [Multimédia multisupport] / Earl "Fatha" Hines, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Clipping with autograph signed : [1963]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Fifety-seven varieties. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Fifety-seven varieties [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Noone, Jimmie, 1895-1944. Apex blues / by James Noone, Joe Poston, and Earl Hines. Library of Congress
referencedIn Johnson, Budd. Manuscript Scores: Guide, 1910-1984 Eda Kuhn Loeb Music Library, Harvard College Library, HarvardUniversity
referencedIn Herbert Humphrey Collection, 1960-1962 Archive of Recorded Sound
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Earl's pearl [Multimédia multisupport] / Earl "Fatha" Hines, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. I can't give you anything but love. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Earl "Fatha" Hines Collection, 1903-1983. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Chicago [Multimédia multisupport] / Earl "Fatha" Hines, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Reminiscences of Earl Kenneth (Fatha) Hines : oral history, 1971. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Rosetta [Multimédia multisupport] / Earl "Fatha" Hines, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. If I had you [Multimédia multisupport] / Earl "Fatha" Hines, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. If it's true [Multimédia multisupport] / Earl "Fatha" Hines, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn American Vaudeville Museum collection, 1845-2007, (bulk 1910-1940) University of Arizona Libraries, Special Collections
creatorOf Hines, Earl, 1903-1983. Night ladies of the street [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn African American Sheet Music Collection 2002-063, 2002-264., 1879-1940 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Duke Ellington recordings collection Eda Kuhn Loeb Music Library, Harvard College Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith American Museum of Vaudeville corporateBody
associatedWith Bolton, Robert, 1937-1988. person
associatedWith Cullen, Frank, 1936- person
associatedWith Dodge, Joseph Jeffers person
associatedWith Earle, Eugene. person
associatedWith Goodpasteur, Ralph H. person
correspondedWith Green, Johnny, 1908-1989 person
associatedWith Humphrey, Herbert person
associatedWith John Mehegan person
associatedWith Lax, John, person
associatedWith McNeilly, Donald, 1945- person
associatedWith Musical composers person
associatedWith Musical composers person
associatedWith Noone, Jimmie, 1895-1944. person
associatedWith Online Archive of California. corporateBody
associatedWith Sales, Grover, Mr. person
associatedWith Slonimsky, Nicolas, 1894-1995 person
associatedWith Statler, Alfred. person
associatedWith University of California, Berkeley. Music Library. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Jazz--1931-1940
African Americans--Segregation
Big band music
Jazz--1921-1930--Lead sheets
Jazz
Jazz musicians--Interviews
Jazz vocals
Piano music (jazz)
African Americans--Social conditions
Occupation
Performer
Function

Person

Birth 1903-12-28

Death 1983-04-22

Americans

Information

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