Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959

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Billie Holiday (1915-1959), an African American blues and jazz singer, was born Eleanora Holiday in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on April 7, 1915. The daughter of Clarence Holiday and Sadie Fagan, Holiday began singing in the early 1930s and was discovered by John Hammond in 1933 at a Harlem jazz club. Her career included performances with Benny Goodman, Count Basie, and Artie Shaw. Holiday recorded on the Commodore, Columbia, and Decca record labels; her most famous recordings include "Strange Fruit," "Gloomy Sunday," and "Lover Man." She also appeared in the film New Orleans in 1946 and toured extensively. Billie Holiday had a series of husbands, marrying James Monroe in 1941, Joe Guy in 1945, and Louis McKay in 1956. She died July 17, 1959 in New York.

From the description of Billie Holiday collection, 1953-1981. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79428337

Jazz singer.

From the description of Autograph card signed : [Milwaukee?] Hi-Hat, [195-?]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270904709

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Katz, Joel, 1958-. Strange fruit [videorecording] / produced, directed & edited by Joel Katz ; produced in association with the Independent Television Service ; Oniera Films. University of Maryland Libraries, UMD Libraries
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Georgia on my mind [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Guess, Alphie. [International Music Program kick-off concert, Winston-Salem, Jun. 6, 1989] [sound recording] University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
referencedIn Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964. Carl Van Vechten collection, ca. 1920-ca. 1955; (bulk 1940-1949). Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Sound Recordings Relating to Willis Conover's Jazz Program quot;House of Soundsquot;
referencedIn Bobbye S. Ortiz Papers, (bulk, 1919-1993 and undated, 1950-1990) David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. The man I love. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Let's do it [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Billie Holiday collection, 1953-1981. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Cowan, Lester. Lester Cowan and Ann Ronell "Trial of Billy Holiday" collection, 1957-1988. University of Maryland Libraries, UMD Libraries
referencedIn Lester Cowan and Ann Ronell "Trial of Billie Holiday" Collection, 1957-1988, 1957-1988 Special Collections in Performing Arts
referencedIn Pittsburgh Courier Publishing Co. Washington Bureau. Pittsburgh Courier, Washington Bureau collection, 1946-1968. Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
creatorOf NCSA Jazz Ensemble. Jazz Ensemble [sound recording] University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Strange fruit. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. He's funny that way [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. You go to my head [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Sound Recordings Relating to Willis Conover's quot;History of Jazzquot; Program
referencedIn Southern Folklife Collection Artist Name File, 1940-2005 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Folklife Collection.
referencedIn Edward Beach Collection, 1940-1975, (bulk 1950-1975) Music Division Library of Congress
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. He's funny that way. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Neat Stuff Collectables. Jazz Playbill Collection, 1923-1952. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Library and Archives
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Let's do it [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Let's do it [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Let's do it [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Records of the Bureau of Prisons. 1870 - 2009. Notorious Offenders Files
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. They can't take that away from me. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Let's do it [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Somebody's on my mind / music by Billie Holiday ; lyrics by Arthur Herzog, Jr. Library of Congress
referencedIn American Vaudeville Museum collection, 1845-2007, (bulk 1910-1940) University of Arizona Libraries, Special Collections
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Georgia on my mind [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. He's funny that way [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Strange fruits [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Earle, Eugene. Eugene Earle collection, 1939-1980s. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. They can't take that away from me [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Sullivan, Taimur. Taimur Sullivan, saxophone ; Allison Gagnon, piano [sound recording] University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
referencedIn Palmer, Gladys E. Gladys Palmer interview : oral history transcript / tape-recorded interview conducted in 1981 by Barbara B. Lashley : Berkeley, Calif., 1981. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Duke Ellington recordings collection Eda Kuhn Loeb Music Library, Harvard College Library
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Strange fruits [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf NCSA Jazz Ensemble. NCSA Jazz Ensemble [sound recording]. University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
referencedIn Gabler, Lee,. Milt Gabler Collection, 1928-2006, undated. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Library and Archives
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. God bless the child / [words and music by Arthur Herzog Jr. and Billie Holiday] ; arr. by Christopher Marc. University of Calgary Library, Taylor Family Digital Library (TFDL)
referencedIn Grover Sales Collection, 1940-2004 Archive of Recorded Sound
creatorOf Alley, Eddie,. Gentleman of rhythm : an oral history : transcript, 2004 / Eddie Alley ; interviewer, Alex Walsh ; editors, Jeff Friedman and Basya Petnick. Museum of Performance & Design
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Billie's Blues [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Georgia on my mind [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn De Veaux, Alexis, 1948-. Alexis De Veaux collection, 1979. North Carolina Central University, James E. Shepard Memorial Library
referencedIn Beach, Ed. Edward Beach collection, 1940-1975 (bulk 1950-1975). Library of Congress
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Georgia on my mind [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Let's do it [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. The man I love [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Autograph card signed : [Milwaukee?] Hi-Hat, [195-?]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf NCSA Jazz Ensemble. NCSA Jazz Ensemble [sound recording]. University of North Carolina School of the Arts, Semans Library
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Let's do it [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Let's do it [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. You go to my head [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Cory, George, 1920-. I'll look around / lyrics, Douglass Cross ; music, George C. Cory, Jr. Library of Congress
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Georgia on my mind [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Georgia on my mind [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959. Georgia on my mind [Multimédia multisupport] / Billie Holiday, chant. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn The 100 Greatest Women of All Time.
Relation Name
associatedWith Alley, Eddie, person
associatedWith American Museum of Vaudeville corporateBody
associatedWith Beach, Ed. person
associatedWith Beach, Ed. person
associatedWith Cory, George, 1920- person
associatedWith Cowan, Lester. person
associatedWith Cullen, Frank, 1936- person
associatedWith De Veaux, Alexis, 1948- person
associatedWith Dodge, Joseph Jeffers person
associatedWith Earle, Eugene. person
associatedWith Herzog, Arthur, Jr. person
associatedWith Hi-Hat (Lounge : Milwaukee, Wis.) corporateBody
associatedWith Kennedy, Florynce, 1916-2000. person
associatedWith Lester Cowan and Ann Ronell Trial of Billie Holiday Collection corporateBody
associatedWith Marc, Christopher. person
associatedWith McKay, Louis. person
associatedWith McNeilly, Donald, 1945- person
associatedWith NCSA Jazz Ensemble. corporateBody
associatedWith NCSA Jazz Ensemble. corporateBody
associatedWith NCSA Jazz Ensemble. corporateBody
associatedWith Ortiz, Bobbye S. person
associatedWith Palmer, Gladys E. person
associatedWith Pittsburgh Courier Publishing Co. Washington Bureau. corporateBody
associatedWith Sales, Grover, Mr. person
associatedWith Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Subject
African Americans--Music
Blues (Music)--1941-1950
Jazz vocals
Choruses, Secular (Mixed voices, 4 parts) unaccompanied
African American women musicians
African American women entertainers
Jazz--1941-1950
African American businesspeople
Women jazz musicians
Occupation
Performer
Singers
Musicians
Function

Person

Birth 1915-04-07

Death 1959-07-17

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6n87bns

SNAC ID: 30816492