Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880

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Lucretia Mott (née Coffin) was born Jan. 3, 1793 in Nantucket, MA. She was a descendent of Peter Folger and Mary Morrell Folger and a cousin of Framer Benjamin Franklin. Mott became a teacher; her interest in women's rights began when she discovered that male teachers at the school were paid significantly more than female staff.

A well known abolitionist, Mott considered slavery to be evil, a Quaker view. When she moved to Philadelphia, she became Quaker minister. Along with white and black women, Mott helped found the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society. She attended all three national Anti-Slavery Conventions of American Women (1837, 1838, 1839). In June 1840, Mott and her husband attended the General Anti-Slavery Convention, better known as the World's Anti-Slavery Convention, in London, England, even though she was not allowed to vote. It was there she started a friendship with Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

In 1848, Mott and Cady Stanton organized the Seneca Falls Convention and Mott was elected the first president of the American Equal Rights Association but resigned from the association in 1868. In 1864, Mott and several other Quakers incorporated Swarthmore College. She was a leading voice in the Universal Peace Union.

On April 10, 1811, Lucretia married James Mott and their children all became active in the anti-slavery and other reform movements. Her sister, Martha Coffin Wright, was also a well known abolitionist and woman's rights activist. Mott's great-granddaughter, May Hallowell Loud, was a well known artist. She died Nov. 11, 1880 in Cheltenham, PA.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880. Letter, 1851 September 8, Philad[elphi]a, to "Esteemed Friend Adeline Roberts" / Lucretia Mott. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1846-1943 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1918, 1934-1974 (scattered) Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Dorsey, William Henry. William H. Dorsey manuscript collection, [ca. 1850]-[ca. 1900]. Cheyney University, L. P. Hill Library
referencedIn Scantlebury, Thomas. Thomas Scantlebury and family papers, 1853-1951 (bulk 1853-1864). Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Lucretia Mott Correspondence, 1856 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Autograph File, M, 1648-1985. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906. Susan B. Anthony papers, 1846-1934 (bulk 1846-1906). Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Ralph Waldo Emerson letters from various correspondents, ca. 1814-1882. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn National Woman Suffrage Association. National Woman Suffrage Association Centennial autograph book, 1876. New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Lutz, Alma,. Collection of documents by and about abolitionists and women's rights activists, Part 2 (Liv-W), 1775-1943 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Susan B. Anthony Papers, 1846-1934, (bulk 1846-1906) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Gage, Matilda Joslyn, 1826-1898. Papers, 1840-1974 (inclusive) [microform]. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Dall, Caroline Wells Healey, 1822-1912. Papers, 1829-1956 (inclusive), 1837-1916 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Elizabeth Oakes Prince Smith papers, ca. 1834-1893, 1849-1891 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Slavery/Anti-Slavery Collection MS 390., 1791-1968 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Lindseth collection of American woman suffrage, [ca. 1820-1920]. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn May Anti-Slavery manuscript collection, 1749-1933, (bulk 1840-1880) Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Autograph collection, 1780-1918 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906. TLS, 1904 January 21, Rochester, New York, to Mrs. Anna Davis Hollowell. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Hazzard, Florence Woolsey, 1903-1992. Florence Woolsey Hazzard papers, 1819-1976, 1925-1965 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Vassar College. Autograph file: J-R, 1816-1983. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, L-Q. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Hillborn, Ruth Anne, 1832-1869. Papers, 1806-1868. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Collection, n.y., n.d., 1775-1943 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Chase family. Papers, c. 1787-c. 1915. Gadsden Public Library
referencedIn Hallowell, Anna Davis, 1838-1905. Anna Davis Hallowell papers, [ca. 1883]. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn May, Samuel J. (Samuel Joseph), 1797-1871. Samuel Joseph May diary, 1868. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Pirtle family. Pirtle-Rogers family : papers, 1875-1910. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Adelaide Johnson Papers, 1873-1947 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Cartes-de-visite album and biographies, ca. 1875-1876. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Hallowell, Anna Davis, 1838-1905. Manuscripts, [ca. 1883] Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Barbour, Hugh. Lecture papers, 1975. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Johnson, Adelaide, 1859-1955. Papers of Adelaide Johnson, 1873-1947. Library of Congress
referencedIn Sophia Smith Collection. Slavery/anti-slavery collection, 1791-1968 (bulk 1830-1954). Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Davis, Edward M., 1811-1887. Lucretia Mott Manuscripts, 1834-1896. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
creatorOf Ogden, Charles Smith, 1822-1904. Family papers, 1681-1938. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Pennsylvania Abolition Society. Papers, 1748-1979. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Indiana Woman's Suffrage Association. Record book of the IWSA, 1851-1881. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Strauss, Anna Lord, 1899-1979. Papers, 1918-1977 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Mott, James, 1788-1868. Autograph note signed : Philadelphia, 1858 Aug. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn National American Woman Suffrage Association. National American Woman Suffrage Association records, 1839-1961 bulk (1890-1930). Library of Congress
creatorOf Smith, Elizabeth Oakes Prince, 1806-1893. Elizabeth Oakes Prince Smith papers, ca. 1834-1893, bulk (1849-1891). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Women's Rights Collection MS 397., 1789-2000, 1864-1983 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Gay, Sydney Howard, 1814-1888. Sydney Howard Gay papers, 1748-1931, Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Griffing, Josephine W. (Josephine White), 1814-1872. Josephine W. Griffing letters, 1862-1872. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Stone, Kathryn H. (Kathryn Haeseler), 1906-. Papers of Kathryn H. Stone [manuscript], 1906-1983 (bulk 1943-1982). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Twining, Elizabeth H. Autograph book, 1845-1848. Bucks County Historical Society
creatorOf Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880. Letter, 1866? Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Barth, Joseph. Papers, 1932-1983. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn National American Woman Suffrage Association. National American Woman Suffrage Association records, 1839-1961 (inclusive), 1890-1930 (bulk), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815-1902. Elizabeth Cady Stanton papers, 1814-1946 (bulk 1840-1902). Library of Congress
referencedIn Post, Mary, 1806-1892. Post family papers, 1742-1908. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Western Anti-slavery Society. Records of the Western Anti-slavery Society, 1834-1858. Library of Congress
referencedIn Parker, Henry H., fl. 1860. Deposition Signed by Henry H. Parker, 1860 October 9, Philadelphia. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Mott family. [Mott family photograph album], 1800-1899. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
referencedIn Perkins, Della M. Della M. Perkins autograph book, 1879-1952. New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Florence Woolsey Hazzard papers, 1819-1976, 1925-1965 (bulk) Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Sydney Howard Gay Papers, 1748-1931 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Angelique Le Petit Martin Papers, 1833-1859, 1833-1859 Marietta College Library
referencedIn National American Woman Suffrage Association Records, 1839-1961, (bulk 1890-1930) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Lydia Maria Child Collection, 1844-1879 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Ferrebee, Sarah Eliza, d. 1866. Papers, 1832-1921. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Hazzard, Florence W. (Florence Woolsey). Papers, 1940-1950. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Emerson family papers, 1699-1939. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Garrison family papers, 1801-1948 (inclusive), 1840-1907 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Papers, 1918-1977 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906. Abby Kelley Foster correspondence, 1837-1887. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880. [Letter : 18]63 7th mo 1st, Roadside near Philadelphia [to] Catharine. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Child, Lydia Maria, 1802-1880. Papers of Lydia Maria Francis Child [manuscript], 1844-1877. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Northern Association of the City and County of Philadelphia for the Relief and Employment of Poor Women. Records, 1841-1929. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
creatorOf Dugdale, Joseph A., 1810-1896. Papers, 1841-1873. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Lucretia Mott National Archives at New York City (U.S.)
referencedIn Woman's Rights Collection (WRC) Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Bacon, Margaret Hope. Margaret Hope Bacon Research Papers, 1947-2007. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
creatorOf May, Samuel J. (Samuel Joseph), 1797-1871,. May Anti-Slavery manuscript collection, 1749-1933 (bulk 1840-1880). Cornell University Library
creatorOf Willis, Catharine. Catharine Willis autograph album, 1830-1851. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Garrison, Wendell Phillips, 1840-1907. Letter : New York, to Samuel Sartain, 1879 Aug. 15. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
referencedIn Edward Morris Davis papers, 1830-1941 (inclusive), 1837-1850 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn May, Samuel J. (Samuel Joseph), 1797-1871. Samuel J. May diary, 1867. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Osborne Family Papers, 1786-1968, 1880-1925 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Heaton, Jacob, 1809-1888. Record of friends : scrapbook : primarily Salem, Ohio, 1843-1888 1861-1868. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Elizabeth Cady Stanton Papers, 1814-1946, (bulk 1840-1902) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Wendell Phillips papers, 1555-1882 (inclusive) 1833-1881 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Sophia Smith Collection. Women's Rights Collection, 1789-1999 (ongoing) (bulk 1846-1983). Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Dutton, Ruth A.P. (Ruth A. Pratt), d.1909. Lewis-Pratt Family Papers, ca.1790-1851 & n.d. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Tolles, Frederick Barnes, 1915-. Papers, 1871-1969. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
creatorOf Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880. Papers of Lucretia Mott, 1843-1859. Library of Congress
creatorOf Craig, Austin, 1824-1881. Austin Craig and family papers, 1733-1956. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Thomas Scantlebury and family papers., 1853-1951 (bulk 1853-1864). Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Francis William Newman Papers, 1864-1905 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Garrison family. Garrison Family Papers, 1694-2003 (bulk 1830-1950). Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Dugdale, Joseph A., 1810-1896. Joseph A. Dugdale correspondence 1841-1881. Iowa State Historical Society
referencedIn National American Woman Suffrage Association. National American Woman Suffrage Association records, 1839-1961 (inclusive), 1890-1930 (bulk), [microform]. University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hamilton Library
referencedIn Bodichon, Barbara Leigh Smith, 1827-1891. Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon collection, 1857-1858. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815-1902. Elizabeth Cady Stanton papers, 1814-1946 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Florence Woolsey Hazzard Papers MS 76., 1940-1950 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Papers of Francis Ellingwood Abbot, 1841-1904. Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Smith, Elizabeth Oakes Prince, 1806-1893. Typescript copies of letters to Elizabeth Oakes Smith, 1884. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Gage, Matilda Electa Josyln, 1826-1898. Papers, 1870-1970 [microform]. South Dakota State Archives
creatorOf Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880. Letter from Lucretia Mott : to E. Oakes Smith, 1852 Feb. 23. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880. From the women of Philadelphia U.S.A. in answer to the friendly address of the women of Exeter, England, on the subject of peace. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
creatorOf Brown, Moses, 1738-1836. American Friends' Letters, ca. 1676-1986. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Bodichon, Barbara Leigh Smith, 1827-1891. Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon collection, 1857-1858. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Papers, 1829-1956 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
contributorOf Petition for Universal Suffrage which Asks for an Amendment to the Constitution that Shall Prohibit the Several States from Disenfranchising Any of Their Citizens on the Ground of Sex United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Chmielewski, Wendy E. "People diplomacy" : women and transatlantic politics in 1846 / by Wendy Chmielewski. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Lindseth, Jon A.,. Lindseth collection of American woman suffrage, [ca. 1820-1920]. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Woman suffrage history collection [microform], 1867-1911. Kansas State Historical Society
creatorOf Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880. Autograph entry signed : Philadelphia, 1858 Aug. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Strickland, Edward F.,. Autograph collection, 1780-1918 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
creatorOf Smith, Elizabeth Oakes Prince, 1806-1893. Papers of Elizabeth Oakes Prince Smith [manuscript], 1823-1894. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Newlin family. ALsS, 1837-1852. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Lloyd, Jessie Bross, 1844-1904. Jessie Bross Lloyd and family papers, 1866-1969 (bulk 1870s-1903). Chicago History Museum
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Abbot, Francis Ellingwood, 1836-1903 person
associatedWith ALMA LUTZ, 1890-1973 person
memberOf American Anti-Slavery Society corporateBody
founderOf American Equal Rights Association corporateBody
associatedWith Anna Lord Strauss, 1899-1979 person
associatedWith Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906. person
associatedWith Bacon, Margaret Hope person
associatedWith Barbour, Hugh. person
associatedWith Barth, Joseph. person
associatedWith Bloomer, Amelia Jenks, 1818-1894 person
associatedWith Bodichon, Barbara Leigh Smith, 1827-1891. person
associatedWith CAROLINE WELLS HEALEY DALL, 1822-1912 person
associatedWith Chase family. family
associatedWith Child, Lydia Maria, 1802-1880. person
associatedWith Chmielewski, Wendy E. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Craig, Austin, 1824-1881. person
associatedWith Dall, Caroline Wells Healey, 1822-1912. person
associatedWith Davis, Edward Morris, 1811-1887 person
correspondedWith Davis, Edward Morris, 1811-1887 person
associatedWith Dorsey, William Henry. person
associatedWith Dugdale, Joseph A., 1810-1896. person
associatedWith Dutton, Ruth A.P. (Ruth A. Pratt), d.1909 person
associatedWith Emerson family. family
correspondedWith Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882 person
associatedWith Ferrebee, Sarah Eliza, d. 1866. person
descendantOf Folger, Peter, 1617?-1690 person
relativeOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 person
founderOf Free Religious Association corporateBody
associatedWith Gage, Matilda Electa Josyln, 1826-1898. person
correspondedWith Garrison family. family
correspondedWith Garrison family. family
correspondedWith Garrison family. family
associatedWith Garrison, Wendell Phillips, 1840-1907. person
associatedWith Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879. person
associatedWith Gay, Sydney Howard, 1814-1888. person
participantIn General Anti-slavery Convention corporateBody
associatedWith Griffing, Josephine W. (Josephine White), 1814-1872. person
associatedWith Hallowell, Anna Davis, 1838-1905. person
associatedWith Hazzard, Florence W. (Florence Woolsey) person
associatedWith Hazzard, Florence Woolsey, 1903-1992 person
associatedWith Heaton, Jacob, 1809-1888. person
associatedWith Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911 person
associatedWith Hillborn, Ruth Anne, 1832-1869. person
associatedWith Houghton Library. person
associatedWith Indiana Woman's Suffrage Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Adelaide, 1859-1955. person
associatedWith Jon A., Lindseth person
associatedWith Lindseth, Jon A., person
associatedWith Lloyd, Jessie Bross, 1844-1904. person
relativeOf Loud, May Hallowell, 1860-1916. person
associatedWith Lucy Stone, 1818-1893 person
associatedWith Lutz, Alma, person
associatedWith MATILDA (JOSLYN) GAGE, 1826-1898 person
associatedWith May, Samuel J. (Samuel Joseph), 1797-1871. person
sibling-in-law of Moore, Lindley M. (Lindley Murray), 1788-1871 person
sibling-in-law of Mott, Abigail, 1766-1851 person
associatedWith Mott family. family
spouseOf Mott, James, 1788-1868. person
correspondedWith National American Woman Suffrage Association. corporateBody
associatedWith National Woman Suffrage Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Newlin family. family
associatedWith Newman, Francis William, 1805-1897 person
founderOf Northern Association of the City and County of Philadelphia for the Relief and Employment of Poor Women. corporateBody
associatedWith Ogden, Charles Smith, 1822-1904. person
associatedWith Osborne family. family
associatedWith Parker, Henry H., fl. 1860. person
associatedWith Pennsylvania Abolition Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Perkins, Della M. person
memberOf Philadelphia Anti-Slavery Society corporateBody
correspondedWith Phillips, Wendell, 1811-1884 person
associatedWith Post, Mary, 1806-1892. person
correspondedWith Roberts, Adeline, fl. 1851 person
associatedWith Samuel J. (Samuel Joseph) May, 1797-1871. person
associatedWith Scantlebury, Thomas. person
associatedWith Scantlebury, Thomas, ca. 1835-1864 person
correspondedWith Smith, Elizabeth Oakes Prince, 1806-1893. person
correspondedWith Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815-1902. person
associatedWith Stanton, Henry B. (Henry Brewster), 1805-1887 person
associatedWith Stone, Kathryn H. (Kathryn Haeseler), 1906- person
associatedWith Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893. person
associatedWith Strauss, Anna Lord, 1899-1979. person
associatedWith Strickland, Edward F., person
associatedWith Tolles, Frederick Barnes, 1915- person
associatedWith Twining, Elizabeth H. person
associatedWith Tyler, John, 1790-1862 person
associatedWith Vassar College. corporateBody
associatedWith Western Anti-slavery Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Willis, Catharine. person
associatedWith Wise, Isaac Mayer, 1819-1900 person
participantIn Woman's Rights Convention (1st : 1848 : Seneca Falls, N.Y.) corporateBody
sibling of Wright, Martha Coffin, 1806-1875 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Cheltenham PA US
Nantucket Island MA US
Subject
Abolitionists--Correspondence
Women abolitionists--Correspondence
Women's rights--United States
Antislavery movements
Women--Suffrage
Women--19th century
Women and peace
Photographs--19th century
Women's rights
Feminists--United States
Activism and social reform
Abolitionists--United States
Occupation
Reformers
Abolitionists
Missionaries
Function

Person

Birth 1793-01-03

Death 1880-11-11

Birth 1793

Death 1880

Americans

English

Information

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