Zwart, Piet, 1885-1977

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Dutch architect, designer, typographer and photographer. He was a member of Kurt Schwitters' "Ring neue Werbegestalter," a group composed initially of nine typographers.

From the description of Letters received, 1928-1946. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 84845741

Dutch architect, designer, typographer, and photographer.

From the description of Designs, 1932-1977. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 82094042

Biographical/Historical Note

Piet Zwart was born in 1885 in Zaandijk, Amsterdam. He was trained as an architect and worked for the architects Jan Wils and H.P. Berlage. While working for Berlage and others Zwart also became adept in the field of interior design. In 1923 Zwart began his typographical career creating advertisements that were published in Tijdschrift voor electrothechniek and Sterkstroom. It was at this time that he produced his most famous work for the Nederlandsche Kabelfabriek, Delft. Zwart also did large projects for the ITF, Internationale tentoonstelling op filmgebied, and the Dutch Postal Telegraph and Telephone Company (PTT), including the design of a postage stamp. In 1930 Zwart was commissioned to design monthly calendar cards for the Bruynzeel Wood Company, which manufactured pencils and doors. Eventually he designed all of Bruynzeel’s printed publications, advertising, packaging, offices, exhibitions and various offices of representatives abroad. Zwart’s oeuvre is strongly associated with the De Stijl movement.

From the guide to the Piet Zwart views of manufacturing and architecture, 1928-circa 1935, (Getty Research Institute)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Zwart, Piet, 1885-1977. Zwart, Piet : [photography bio file]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Zwart, Piet, 1885-1977. Designs, 1932-1977. Getty Research Library
creatorOf Zwart, Piet, 1885-1977. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Piet Zwart views of manufacturing and architecture, 1928-circa 1935 Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Zwart, Piet, 1885-1977. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
creatorOf Bergmann-Michel, Ella, 1896-1972. Papers of Ella Bergmann-Michel and Robert Michel, ca. 1922-1971. J. Paul Getty Center, Arts Archives
creatorOf Zwart, Piet, 1885-1977. Letters received, 1928-1946. Getty Research Library
referencedIn Zwart, Piet, 1855-1977 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Tschichold, Jan, 1902-1974. Jan and Edith Tschichold papers, 1899-1979 (bulk 1920-1938). Getty Research Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Baur, Otto, 1921- person
associatedWith Bayer, Herbert, 1900-1985. person
associatedWith Bergmann-Michel, Ella, 1896-1972. person
associatedWith C. Bruynzeel & Zonen (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith Kaufmann, Edgar, 1910-1989. person
associatedWith Lissitzky, El, 1890-1941. person
associatedWith Mesens, E. L. T. (Edouard Léon Théodore), 1903-1971. person
associatedWith Neurath, Otto, 1882-1945. person
associatedWith Palais des beaux-arts (Brussels, Belgium) corporateBody
associatedWith Prins, A. P. person
associatedWith Ring neue Werbegestalter. corporateBody
associatedWith Roh, Franz, 1890-1965. person
associatedWith Schwitters, Kurt, 1887-1948. person
associatedWith Spaak, Claude. person
associatedWith Tschichold, Edith. person
associatedWith Tschichold, Jan, 1902-1974. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Netherlands—Description and travel
Netherlands
Subject
Architecture--Netherlands
Designer
Photomontage
Architecture, Modern
Posters, Russian
Kitchens
Advertising layout and typography
Cabinetwork
De Stijl (Art movement)
Parquet floors
Manufacturing industries--Netherlands
Interior decoration
Glassware
Advertising layout and typography--Netherlands--20th century
Printing--Exhibitions
Occupation
Photographers
Function

Person

Birth 1885-05-28

Death 1977-09-24

Dutch

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