Margulis, Lynn, 1938-2011

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Lynn Margulis (b. March 5, 1938, Chicago, IL–d. November 22, 2011, Amherst, MA) was an American evolutionary theorist and biologist, science author, educator, and popularizer, and was the primary modern proponent for the significance of symbiosis in evolution. In particular, Margulis transformed and fundamentally framed current understanding of the evolution of cells with nuclei by proposing it to have been the result of symbiotic mergers of bacteria. Margulis was also the co-developer of the Gaia hypothesis with the British chemist James Lovelock, proposing that the Earth functions as a single self-regulating system, and was the principal defender and promulgator of the five kingdom classification of Robert Whittaker

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Margulis, Lynn, 1938-2011. Papers of Lynn Margulis. Library of Congress
referencedIn Elso S. Barghoorn Journals MS 820., 1944-1984 Special Collections and University Archives, UMass Amherst Libraries
referencedIn William B. Provine collection of evolutionary biology reprints, 20th century. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Hutchinson, G. Evelyn (George Evelyn), 1903-. G. Evelyn Hutchinson papers, 1875-1992 (inclusive), 1922-1991 (bulk). Yale University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Barghoorn, Elso S. (Elso Sterrenberg), 1915-1984 person
employeeOf Boston university corporateBody
associatedWith Hutchinson, G. Evelyn (George Evelyn), 1903- person
correspondedWith Provine, William B. person
spouseOf Sagan, Carl, 1934-1996. person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf University of Chicago. corporateBody
employeeOf University of Massachusetts at Amherst corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf University of Wisconsin corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Amherst MA US
Chicago IL US


Birth 1938-03-05

Death 2011-11-22






Ark ID: w6n04c51

SNAC ID: 69403070