Long, Crawford Williamson, 1815-1878

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Crawford Long, a Georgia native, received his education at Franklin College (University of Georgia). He completed his medical training at the University of Pennsylvania in 1839. After a short time in New York, Dr. Long returned to Georgia and spent his entire career there as a physician and surgeon. He is credited with performing the first operation with ether anesthesia on Mar. 30, 1842.

From the guide to the The first patient to whom Crawford Williamson Long administered s[ulphuric] ether, c.1854-1910, (History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine)

Jefferson (Jackson Co.), Ga. resident.

From the description of Papers, 1849-1853. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 36200149

Crawford Long, a Georgia native, received his education at Franklin College (University of Georgia). He completed his medical training at the University of Pennsylvania in 1839. After a short time in New York, Dr. Long returned to Georgia and spent his entire career there as a physician and surgeon. He is credited with performing the first operation with ether anesthesia was performed by Long on Mar. 30, 1842.

From the description of The first patient to whom Crawford Williamson Long administered s[ulphuric] ether, [ca. 1854?]. (National Library of Medicine). WorldCat record id: 14312451

Physician of Georgia, one of the first to use ether as an anaesthetic.

From the description of Papers, 1870-1933. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35160894

Physician, anesthetist, and surgeon.

From the description of Papers of Crawford Williamson Long, 1837-1930. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79194282

Crawford W. Long was born in 1815 in Danielsville, Ga. He attended the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. In 1841 Long returned to Georgia to practice medicine in Jefferson, Ga. In 1842 he used sulphuric ether as an anesthetic during an operation. Long used this treatment for the next four years, however, he failed to report his findings to the medical community at large.

From the description of Papers, 1822-1951. (Atlanta History Center). WorldCat record id: 30612009

M.D., U. of Pennsylvania,(1839); entire career practiced in Athens, Ga; credited with the discovery and use of the anesthetic properties of sulphuric ether for surgical operations.

From the description of Scrapbook, 1842-1939. (University of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122480062

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Long, Crawford Williamson, 1815-1878. Papers of Crawford Williamson Long, 1837-1930. Library of Congress
creatorOf Long, Crawford W. (Crawford Williamson), 1815-1878. [Crawford Williamson Long, biographical materials] University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Long, Caroline Swain, fl. 1858-1860. Caroline Swain Long record book, 1858-1860 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Long, Crawford W. (Crawford Williamson), 1815-1878. [Crawford Williamson Long, biographical materials] University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Simpson, Alexander Russell, Sir, 1835-1916. [Correspondence on Simpson's connection with the introduction of anaesthesia, and on Long [manuscript] / from Sir Alex. R. Simpson, Sir W. Osler ... [et al.]]. McGill University Library
referencedIn Hardman, Lamartine Griffin, 1856-1937. Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers : Series II: Business, 1849-1953. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Bernard collection, 1848-1890. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Jacobs, Joseph, 1859-1929. Joseph and Sinclair Jacobs Papers, 1878-1977, undated. Atlanta History Center, Kenan Research Center / Cherokee Garden Library
referencedIn Heroes of medicine. Stanford University Lane Medical Library
creatorOf Long, Crawford W. (Crawford Williamson), 1815-1878. Papers. Medical University of South Carolina Libraries
referencedIn Crawford W. Long, 1850 : [vertical file / artist unknown]. Morris Museum of Art Library
creatorOf Long, Crawford Williamson, 1815-1878. Papers, 1849-1853. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Waters, Kenneth Lee, 1914-. Kenneth L. Waters collection, 1900-1995. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Athens, Georgia artifacts, 1840s-1920s. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf The first patient to whom Crawford Williamson Long administered s[ulphuric] ether, c.1854-1910 History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine
creatorOf Long, Crawford Williamson, 1815-1878. Papers, 1870-1933. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Crawford Long House photographs, circa 1950s. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Bartow, Florence Long. Crawford W. Long scrapbook, 1879-1919. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Mrs. Elizabeth Swift Tutt, 1878-1972. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Long, Crawford W. (Crawford Williamson), 1815-1878. Scrapbook, 1842-1939. University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
creatorOf Long, Crawford Williamson, 1815-1878. The first patient to whom Crawford Williamson Long administered s[ulphuric] ether, [ca. 1854?]. National Library of Medicine
creatorOf Long family. Crawford W. Long family papers, 1842-1939. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Hardman, Lamartine Griffin, 1856-1937. Lamartine Griffin Hardman Papers : Series VIII: General, 1890-1944. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Taylor, Frances Long. Frances Long Taylor papers, 1866-1946. Georgia Newspaper Project
creatorOf Pendergrass, J. B. Letter, 1923, to Dr. Wm. R. Wallace / J.B. Pendergrass. Medical University of South Carolina Libraries
referencedIn Crawford Long House photographs, circa 1920s. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Long, Crawford W., 1815-1878. Papers, 1822-1951. Atlanta History Center, Kenan Research Center / Cherokee Garden Library
referencedIn Miller, Joseph Lyon, 1875-. Papers, 1610-1964 (bulk 1825-1887). Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn Lumpkin, Wilson, 1783-1870. Papers, 1833-1862. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bell, Piromis H. person
associatedWith Cerna, David. person
associatedWith Edwards, Landon Brame, 1845-1910. person
associatedWith Flagg, Paluel J. (Paluel Joseph), 1886-1970. person
associatedWith Hardman, Lamartine Griffin, 1856-1937. person
associatedWith Harper, Eugenia Long (Mrs. A. O.) person
associatedWith Jacobs, Joseph, 1859-1929. person
associatedWith Long, Caroline Swain, fl. 1858-1860. person
associatedWith Long family. family
associatedWith Lumpkin, Wilson, 1783-1870. person
associatedWith Mayo, William James, 1861-1939. person
associatedWith Miller, Joseph Lyon, 1875- person
associatedWith Pendergrass, J. B. person
associatedWith Pittman, M. M. person
associatedWith Sims, J. Marion (James Marion), 1813-1883. person
associatedWith Smith, Allen John, 1863-1926. person
associatedWith Stuart, Henri S. person
associatedWith Taylor, Frances Long. person
associatedWith Thompson, C. C. person
associatedWith Waters, Kenneth Lee, 1914- person
associatedWith Young, Hugh H., 1870-1945. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Atlanta (Ga.)
Subject
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)--Case Reports
Medicine--Practice--History--19th century
Case Reports
Ether, Ethyl--therapeutic use--Case Reports
Surgery
Ether
Anesthesia
Ether, Ethyl--therapeutic use
Ether--History--19th century
Occupation
Physicians
Scientists
Surgeons
Anesthesiologists
Function

Person

Birth 1815-11-01

Death 1878-06-16

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