Colm, Gerhard, 1897-1968Variant names
Gerhard Colm was best known for his work as the Chief Economist of the National Planning Association and serving as a leading economic adviser for both the Roosevelt and Truman administrations. Colm was born on June 30, 1897 in Hamburg, Germany to Emil and Olga Strassburger Colm. He received his doctorate in 1921 from the University of Frieburg and did post-graduate work at the University of Munich and the University of Berlin. Colm served as a statistician for the German government, but left government service to enter academia as head of the research division of the Institute of World Economics at the University of Kiel. Colm's active participation in groups agitating against the Freikorps and other pro-Hitler organizations forced him to emigrate in 1933 to the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany. Colm came to New York as one of the founding members of the University in Exile of the New School for Social Research, to which he was elected Dean of Exiled Scholars in 1938. In 1939 Colm was named by Secretary of Commerce Harry L. Hopkins as Fiscal and Financial expert of the new industrial economics division of that department. In this capacity Colm developed national income estimates for economic planning. One year later Colm became principal fiscal analyst of the Bureau of the Budget and assistant chief of the division, a position he held until 1946. In addition, Colm lectured at George Washington University and served the U.S. government on many special economic missions to foreign countries. From 1946 to 1952 he was economist on the Council of Economic Advisors, Executive Office of the President. In 1952 Colm joined the private sector as Chief Economist for the National Planning Association, remaining in that position until his death.
From the description of Gerhard Colm papers, 1929-1972. (University at Albany). WorldCat record id: 82072790
Gerhard Colm was born in Hanover, Germany on June 30, 1897. From 1921 to 1927 he was an economist at Federal Statistics Bureau, Berlin, Germany. In 1933 he immigrated to United States, and was a professor of Economics at the New School of Social Research, New York City until 1939. From 1939 to 1940 he worked as a fiscal expert at Department of Commerce in Washington, D.C. In 1940 Colm became a lecturer at George Washington University. From 1940 to 1946 he was the Principal Fiscal Analyst and Assistant Chief at the Bureau of the Budget in the Fiscal Division. From 1946 to 1952 he worked as an economist for the Council of Economic Advisers. In 1952 he became the Chief Economist at the National Planning Association. In 1953 he was a member of UNRRA (United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration) mission to advise on the economic stabilization in Korea. In 1962 he was a member of the Ad Hoc Committee for Appraisal of Chilean Development Program. He died in Chevy Chase, Maryland, on December 25, 1968.
From the description of Colm, Gerhard, 1897-1968 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10574239
Economist and government official.
From the description of Papers, 1944-1947. (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70959564
Economist. Immigrated to the United States from Germany in 1933; naturalized as a U.S. citizen, 1939.
From the description of Gerhard Colm papers, 1935-1968 (bulk 1940-1968). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70982847
1897, June 30:
Born, Hanover, Germany
Doctor of Political Science, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
1921- 1927: Statistician, Federal Statistical Bureau, Berlin, Germany
Married Hanna Nicolassen
1927- 1933: Professor and director of research, Institute for World Economics, Kiel University, Kiel, Germany
Immigrated to the United States
1933- 1939: Professor of economics, New School for Social Research, New York, N.Y.
Naturalized as a United States citizen
1939- 1940: Fiscal advisor, Commerce Department, Washington, D.C.
1940- 1946: Fiscal analyst, Fiscal Division, Bureau of the Budget, Washington, D.C.
1940- 1962: Professorial lecturer, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
Advisor, American military government financial reform mission to Germany
1946- 1952: Chief economist, Council of Economic Advisors, Executive Office of the President, Washington, D.C.
1952- 1968: Chief economist, National Planning Association
Awarded Bernhard Harms Prize, Institute for World Economy, Kiel University, Kiel, Germany
1968, Dec. 25:
Died, Chevy Chase, Md.
From the guide to the Gerhard Colm Papers, 1953-1968, (bulk 1940-1968), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)
|associatedWith||George Washington University||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Gilbert, Richard V. (Richard Vincent), 1902-1985.||person|
|associatedWith||Johnson, Alvin Saunders, 1874-||person|
|associatedWith||National Planning Association.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||New School for Social Research (New York, N.Y.)||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Staudinger, Hans, 1889-1980.||person|
|associatedWith||United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||United States. Congress. Joint Economic Committee.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance.||corporateBody|
|Place Name||Admin Code||Country|
|New York (State)--New York|
|Economics--Study and teaching--New York (State)--New York|
|Full employment policies|
|Economics--Study and teaching|
|Economics--Study and teaching--Washington (D.C.)|
|Employment stabilization--Law and legislation|
|World War, 1939-1945--Refugees|
|Government economists--United States|
|Government executives--United States|