Wendte, Charles W. (Charles William), 1844-1931

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Charles William Wendte (1844-1931) graduated from Meadville Theological School in 1867 and Harvard Divinity School in 1869. Ordained to the Unitarian ministry, he served parishes in Chicago, Illinois; Cincinnati, Ohio; Boston, Massachusetts; Newport, Rhode Island; and Los Angeles and Oakland, California. From 1900 to 1920, he served as the general secretary of the International Council of Liberal Religious Thinkers and Workers. He also served as the secretary of the Foreign Relations Department of the American Unitarian Association from 1905 to 1915. Additionally, he served as the secretary of the National Federation of Religious Liberals from 1908 to 1920, and as president of the Free Religious Association from 1910 to 1914. He published Thomas Starr King, Patriot and Preacher (1921), The Transfiguration of Life (1930), and his autobiographical work The Wider Fellowship (1927).

From the guide to the Papers, 1883-1927., (Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School)

From the guide to the Papers, 1867-1931., (Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School)

Unitarian minister. Graduated from Harvard Divinity School, 1869. Served churches in Chicago, Cincinnati, and Newport, R.I. (1869-1885). Became superintendent of church extension work for the American Unitarian Association in the Pacific states in 1885. General secretary, International Congress of Free Christians and Other Religious Liberals. Secretary of the Department of Foreign Relations, American Unitarian Association (1906-1915).

From the description of Papers, 1867-1931 (inclusive). (Harvard University, Divinity School Library). WorldCat record id: 269368054

Biography / Administrative History

Thomas Starr King (1824-64) was born December 17, 1824, his parents, Thomas Farrington King, a Universalist minister, and Susan Starr, both of New York. T.F. King was called to the Universalist Church, Charlestown, MA in 1835, serving there until his death in September 1839. After the death of his father, Starr (as he was known in the family), had to leave school to help support his mother and five brothers and sisters. He worked in a dry goods store, then as a teacher, becoming principal of the West Medford Grammar School at age 18. He resigned this position to accept a clerking job in the Navy Yard were he had a larger salary and more time for independent study. Through self study, he mastered the requirements for entrance to the ministry.

He preached his first sermon at Woburn, MA, 1845, receiving a call to his father's old pulpit in Charlestown which he accepted in 1846. The following year he began his career as a public lecturer, a career in which he became extremely popular and sought after. In 1848, he accepted a call to the Hollis Street Unitarian Church. At the time, Universalist and Unitarian were separate denominations. "Mr. King openly adopted the Unitarian fellowship, although his relations with his Universalist associates continued to be of the warmest and most friendly character." Starr and Julia M. Wiggin were married, December 17, 1848 shortly after his installation. They had two children: Edith and Frederick.

In 1859 King received several invitations from churches calling him to be their pastor. "San Francisco prevailed." Sailing from New York in April 1860 via Panama, he found SF Unitarian "a moribund church, a depleted society, with an insufficient income and a heavy debt." Landing on April 28 and, with no preparation or advanced notice, King preached the next day to an overflowing crowd. "When his first year closed the debt was paid and the church was on a solid basis, the strongest Protestant parish in the city." With the attack on Fort Sumter in 1861 and the beginning of the war, the position of California was uncertain. Powerful interests in California leaned toward secession, others toward declaring California an independent republic. King decided "California must be won over at any price" and began his crusade for the Union. He lectured and preached from one end of the state to the other "in an earnest fight against secession." He faced hostile crowds, threats of harm, even threats against his life. In the fall election, the loyalty of the state was settled by an overwhelming majority. It was felt that "no one force had done so much to save the State as Mr. King."

With the loyalty of California safe, King turned to other service. He entered in to the movement for the sick and wounded soldiers fund-raising throughout the entire west coast for the Sanitary Commission. He raised a million and a half dollars in 1862. He also began work on raising the money for and then construction of a new church building for SF Unitarian. "At last, his overtaxed powers gave way." The new church, in which he preached seven Sundays, was completed and dedicated in January 1864. He contracted diphtheria, then after a second bout of pneumonia, died on March 4, 1864.

The city of San Francisco, and the entire state, went into mourning. "One wild, wild wave of excitement rolled over this city when the flag, at half-mast, and rumor from ear to ear announced the departure of a mighty spirit. From the gilded saloon to the Christian parlor --wherever he was hated most or loved best, men stopped to pause and ponder, and to simply say, with more than eloquence: 'Starr King is dead!'" (G.G.F., Alta California, March 4, 1864)

This biographical sketch is taken from "Thomas Starr King", by Horace Davis, in the Pacific Unitarian, March, 1904. See Box 4, ff 18.

From the guide to the Thomas Starr King collection, 1837-1964, (The Graduate Theological Union. Library.)

Archival Resources
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referencedIn Eliot, Christopher Rhodes, 1856-1945. Papers, 1872-1943 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
creatorOf Fields, Annie, 1834-1915. Papers, 1870-1899, 1870-1880. Simmons College, Beatley Library
referencedIn Barrows family papers, 1861-1931. Houghton Library
creatorOf Papers, 1883-1927. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
referencedIn Papers, 1885-1950. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
creatorOf Severance, Caroline M. Seymour (Caroline Maria Seymour), 1820-1914. Papers of Caroline Maria Seymour Severance, 1830-1980 (bulk) 1860-1914. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn American Unitarian Association Presidential Papers, 1920-1927. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
creatorOf Nitzsche, George Erazmus, 1874-1961. George E. Nitzsche Unitariana collection, 1778-2007; bulk: 1791-1956 Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Sunderland, Jabez Thomas, 1842-1936. Jabez Thomas Sunderland papers, 1868-1936. Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Bowen, Clayton Raymond, 1877-1934. Papers, 1899-1934 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
referencedIn Sullivan, William Laurence, 1872-1935. Papers, 1895-1961 (inclusive), 1895-1935 (bulk). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
referencedIn Wendte, Charles William, 1844-1931. Papers, 1867-1931 Andover-Harvard Theological Library
creatorOf Wendte, Charles W. (Charles William), 1844-1931. Correspondence to Henry Charles Lea, 1909. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Wendte, Charles William, 1844-1931. Papers, 1867-1931 Andover-Harvard Theological Library
referencedIn Severance, Caroline M. Seymour (Caroline Maria Seymour), 1820-1914. Papers, 1830-1980 The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Manuscripts Department
referencedIn William Roscoe Thayer papers, 1762-1927 (inclusive), 1872-1921 (bulk) Houghton Library
referencedIn Unitarian Historical Society (U.S.). Records, 1900-1978 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
creatorOf Wendte, Charles William, 1844-1931. Papers, 1867-1931 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
creatorOf Thomas Starr King collection, 1837-1964 The Graduate Theological Union. Library.
creatorOf Wendte, Charles W. (Charles William), 1844-1931. Autograph letter signed Charles W. Wendte to: Miss Blackwell December 2, 1922. Wellesley College
referencedIn Jabez Thomas Sunderland Papers, 1868-1936 Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Leach, Frank Aleamon, 1846-. Frank A. Leach letter to the Rev. C. W. Wendte [manuscript], 1922 Aug 19. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Eliot, Samuel A. (Samuel Atkins), 1862-1950. Papers, 1885-1950 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
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referencedIn Barrows family papers, 1861-1931. Houghton Library
referencedIn Phillips Brooks papers Houghton Library
creatorOf National Federation of Religious Liberals (U.S.). Correspondence with Henry Charles Lea, 1909. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
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Place Name Admin Code Country
San Francisco (Calif.)
United States
Unitarian Universalist churches
Unitarian Universalists


Birth 1844

Death 1931





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