Cummins, Albert Baird, 1850-1926

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Albert Baird Cummins was a progressive Republican from Des Moines who served Iowa as state representative (1888-1890), governor (1902-1908) and United States senator (1908-1926). Prior to entering politics Cummins practiced law and gained national visibility for his successful representation of the Iowa Farmers' Protective Association in their case against the Washburn & Moen barbed wire trust. Between 1896 and 1900 he was an influential member of the Republican National Committee. During his terms as governor Cummins advanced legislation that diminished the influence of railroads and corporations in politics, regulated freight rates and established direct primary election of U.S. Senate candidates. As a U.S. senator Cummins continued to be associated with railway regulation. He chaired the Interstate Commerce Committee and co-authored the Esch-Cummins Transportation Act of 1920, an act which returned private control over railroads after their nationalization during World War I. Critics felt this legislation favored railroads by allowing consolidation of lines and a guaranteed rate of return on valuations, but Cummins defended the law's provisions to protect smaller, less powerful lines from abandonment and to prevent debilitating restraints on the railway industry as a whole. In 1912 and 1916 Cummins ran for president as a member of the Republican Party. Throughout his political career Cummins was a proponent of women's suffrage, presidential primaries, anti-trust legislation and agricultural price supports. He was prominent in debates on tariffs, trade reciprocity agreements, and the League of Nations.

From the description of Albert Baird Cummins papers, 1891-1926. (State Historical Society of Iowa, Library). WorldCat record id: 180153748

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1906-1979 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Bray, Thomas James. Papers of Thomas J. Bray, 1905-1967. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Cummins, Albert Baird, 1850-1926. Albert Baird Cummins papers, 1891-1926. State Historical Society of Iowa, Library
referencedIn Hempel, John G. (1860-1945). Papers, 1881-1947, n.d. Iowa State University, Parks Library
referencedIn Louis C. Cramton Papers, ca. 1865-1966, 1916-1965 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Allison, William B. (William Boyd), 1829-1908. Papers of the Sokol-Shuttleworth Family, 1875-1982. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Brown, John E. Brown, John E. papers, 1868-1935. Iowa State Historical Society
creatorOf Cummins, Albert Baird, 1850-1926. Letters to Hamilton Holt. Des Moines, IA. 1902-1903. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Wallace, Henry, 1836-1916. Papers, 1860-1924. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Kendall, Nathan Edward, 1868-1936. N.E. Kendall papers, 1907-1941. State Historical Society of Iowa, Library
creatorOf Allison, William B. (William Boyd), 1829-1908. Papers of William B. Allison, 1862-1916. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Wallace, Henry Cantwell, 1866-1924. Papers, 1904-1930. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Cummins, Albert Baird, 1850-1926. Letter to H[arry] T[urner] Newcomb. Des Moines, IA. 1923 Aug. 28. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Hay, Eugene Gano, 1853-1933. Papers of Eugene Gano Hay, circa 1770-1933 (bulk 1877-1933). Library of Congress
referencedIn Harrington, Elbert W. Elbert W. Harrington research materials on Albert Cummins, 1937. State Historical Society of Iowa, Library
creatorOf Cummins, Albert Baird, 1850-1926. Letter to Wayne Davis. Des Moines, IA. 1907 Apr. 2. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Wallace, Henry, 1836-1916. Papers, 1860-1924. [microfilm]. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Cummins, Albert Baird, 1850-1926. Letter to Ernest C. Brown. [Des Moines, IA.] 1900 May 26. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Wallace, Henry Cantwell, 1866-1924. Papers, 1904-1930. [microform]. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Robb, Ellis. Ellis Robb collection of Iowa autographs, 1893-1936. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Franke, Carl F., 1871-1940. Papers, 1900-1919. Iowa State Historical Society
referencedIn Kendall, Nathan Edward, 1868-1936. Nathan Edward Kendall addresses, ca. 1907-1919. State Historical Society of Iowa, Library
creatorOf Reynolds, Conger, 1891-1971. Papers of Conger Reynolds, 1899-1970. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Pickett, Charles Edgar, 1866-1930. Papers of Charles E. Pickett, 1903-1922. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Cummins, Albert Baird, 1850-1926. Letters to Harry P. Harrison. Washington, DC. 1909-1910. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Arthur H. Vandenberg papers, 1884-1974, 1915-1951 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Cramton, Louis C. (Louis Convers), b. 1875. Louis Convers Cramton papers, 1896-1966. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Allison, William B. (William Boyd), 1829-1908. person
associatedWith Bray, Thomas James. person
associatedWith Brown, Ernest C., person
associatedWith Brown, John E. person
associatedWith Cramton, Louis C. (Louis Convers), b. 1875. person
associatedWith Davis, Wayne, person
associatedWith Franke, Carl F., 1871-1940. person
associatedWith Harrington, Elbert W. person
associatedWith Harrison, Harry P., 1878- , person
correspondedWith Hay, Eugene Gano, 1853-1933. person
associatedWith Hempel, John G. (1860-1945) person
associatedWith Holt, Hamilton, 1872-1951, person
associatedWith Kendall, Nathan Edward, 1868-1936 person
associatedWith Newcomb, H. T. (Harry Turner), 1867-1944, person
associatedWith Pickett, Charles Edgar, 1866-1930. person
associatedWith Progressive Party (1912) corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (Iowa) corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Reynolds, Conger, 1891-1971. person
associatedWith Robb, Ellis. person
associatedWith Scott, Austin Wakeman, 1884-1981 person
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate. corporateBody
associatedWith Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick), 1884-1951 person
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Wallace, Henry, 1836-1916. person
associatedWith Wallace, Henry Cantwell, 1866-1924. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Iowa
United States
Subject
Railroads
Monopolies
Progressivism (United States politics)
Presidential candidates
Governors--Biography
International trade
Primaries
Legislators--Biography
Railroad law
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1850-02-15

Death 1926-07-30

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