Edwin Warfield was born May 7, 1848 at Oakdale, Howard County, Maryland. He began teaching public school in Howard County in 1866, while also studying law. He was appointed to the position of register of wills in 1874 and served in that capacity until 1881. In that same year, Warfield was elected to the Maryland State Senate. He was re-elected in 1883 and made president of the Seante in 1886.
President Cleveland appointed Warfield surveyor of the port of Baltimore in 1886, wheupon he resigned as a member and leading figure since 1878. The term as surveyor expired in 1890 and Warfield retired from political office for the next nine years.
Warfield was one of the founders of Fidelity & Deposit Company of Maryland, and its president from 1893 until 1920.
In 1899, Warfield entered the race for Governor of Maryland and lost, but captured the election in 1903 and served on term until 1907.
Warfield also owned and edited the Ellicott City Times beginning in 1882 until 1886. He bought the Maryland Law Record in 1887 and changed its name to the Daily Record.
Warfield was active in various historical societies in Maryland and served as President of the Maryland Historical Society.
He died March 31, 1920, survived by his widow, three daughters and one son.