Guerrero, Vicente, 1782-1831

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President of Mexico, military leader. Born 1782 in Tixtla; died 1831 in Cuilapan. Guerrero began his military career in 1810. He was commissioned captain by José María Morelos before the attack on Taxco, was made colonel in 1814 by Juan Nepomuceno Rosains, and received the rank of general from Agustín de Iturbide. After Iturbide was removed as emperor, Guerrero was named General de División, and became a member of the Supremo Poder Ejecutivo which governed until 1824. Guerrero ascended to the presidency in April 1829. During his tenure a Spanish expedition attempted to reconquer Mexico. As a result, Guerrero organized a reserve army and placed his vice-president, Anastasio Bustamante, at its head. After the army defeated the invaders, the congress declared Guerrero unfit to govern and Bustamante became president. Guerrero left office on December 16, 1829, and initiated a counter-revolution which lasted through the year 1830. He was captured in January 1831, condemned to death by a council of war, and executed in Cuilapan on February 14, 1831.

From the description of Vicente Guerrero Collection, 1723-1843 (bulk 1822-1831). (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 29761731

President of Mexico, military leader. Born 1783 in Tixtla (now Ciudad Guerrero); died 1831 in Cuilapan. Guerrero began his military career in 1810. He was commissioned capitan by José María Morelos before the attack on Taxco, and became a lieutenant colonel in 1812.

Guerrero joined forces with Juan Nepomuceno Rosains (1814) to continue the fight for independence and was made colonel. After years of fighting against the royalists, in 1821 Guerrero formed an alliance with Iturbide, formerly an enemy, to pursue independence. Upon their success Guerrero received the rank of general and the Gran Cruz de la Orden de Guadalupe. After Iturbide was removed from power Guerrero was named General de División, and became a member of the Supremo Poder Ejecutivo which governed until the assumption of the presidency by Guadalupe Victoria in 1824.

Guerrero was also head of the Partido Yorkino, and was a candidate for the presidency of the Republic in 1828. Manuel Gómez Pedraza initially obtained a majority of votes, but the legislature reversed itself and declared Guerrero president. He took office in April 1829. During his presidency a Spanish expedition attempted to reconquer Mexico. As a result, Guerrero organized a reserve army, at whose head he placed his vice-president, Anastasio Bustamante. After the army defeated the invaders, the congress declared Guerrero unfit to govern and Bustamante became president.

Guerrero left office on December 16, 1829 and initiated a counter-revolution which lasted through the year 1830. Guerrero was captured in January 1831, condemned to death by a council of war, and executed in Cuilapan on February 14, 1831.

From the guide to the Vicente Guerrero Collection 29761731., 1723-1843, 1822-1831, (Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Hernández y Dávalos, Juan E., b. 1827,. Juan E. Hernández y Dávalos collection, 1692-1886 (bulk 1811-1831). University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Juan E. Hernández y Dávalos Manuscript Collection, A Calendar of the Juan E. Hernández y Dávalos Manuscript Collection, the University of Texas Library, prepared by C. E. Castañeda and J. A. Dabbs (Independent Mexico in Documents: Independence, Empire, and Republic; Vol. 1) Mexico : Editorial Jus, 1955. 30605860., 1692-1865 (bulk 1811-1831) Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Mexico collection, 1522-1915 (inclusive), 1770-1865 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Agustín de Iturbide Collection 31775745., 1813-1838, 1821-1824 Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Mexico. Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores. [Broadsides], 1821-1823. Indiana University
referencedIn Lorenzo de Zavala Papers, 1818-1936 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Arrigunaga Coello, Maritza,. Arrigunaga family collection of Yucatecan broadsides and manuscripts, 1762-1878 (bulk 1800-1840). University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Riva Palacio, Mariano, 1803-1880. Mariano Riva Palacio Collection, 1716-1880 (bulk 1835-1875). University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Stuart, Daniel. Petition, 1823 Nov 3. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Chihuahua (Mexico : State). Diputación Permanente. [Broadsides], 1829-1830. Indiana University
referencedIn Arrigunaga Family Collection of Yucatecan Broadsides and Manuscripts 31775697., 1762-1878 (bulk 1800-1840) Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin
creatorOf Guerrero, Vicente, 1782-1831. Vicente Guerrero Collection, 1723-1843 (bulk 1822-1831). University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Bustamante, Carlos María de, 1774-1848. Continuación de la Voz de la Patria ... : Mexico, 1837-1839. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Vicente Guerrero Collection 29761731., 1723-1843, 1822-1831 Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Mariano Riva Palacio Collection 29925371., 1716-1880 (bulk 1835-1875) Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Benjamin Muse, Jr. Collection Relating to Mexico, Texas, and California 33992204., 1830-1844 Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Chiapas (Mexico). Congreso. [Broadsides], 1829, 1830, 1847. Indiana University
creatorOf Gómez Pedraza, Manuel, 1789-1851. Documents relating to the civil and military administration of Chihuahua y Mexico, 1811-1844. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn New Spain. Viceroy (1816-1821 : Apodaca). El virey de nva España conde del Venadito continua dando cuente de las ocurrencias militares de aquel reyno en el presente mes /by Viceroy Ruíz de Apodaca, 1819 May 31. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Guerrero, Vicente 1782-1831. [Carta al Gobierno de México] / Vicente Guerrero. Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico
referencedIn Colima (Mexico : State). Guarnición. [Broadside], 1829. Indiana University
referencedIn Chihuahua (Mexico : State). Congreso. [Broadsides], 1827-1834. Indiana University
referencedIn Zeitlin and Ver Brugge Autograph Collection 32797049., 1568-1891 Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Bayard, Richard H. (Richard Henry), 1796-1868. Papers of the Tayloe family [manuscript], 1756-1893. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Muse collection relating to Mexico, Texas, and California, 1830-1844. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Iturbide, Agustín de, 1783-1824. Agustín de Iturbide collection, 1813-1838 (bulk 1821-1824). University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn [Mapa del Cerro de Barrabás donde se fortificó Don Vicente Guerrero después de retirarse de Zacatula, Mayo 1819.]. University of Arizona Libraries
referencedIn San Luis Potosí (Mexico : State). Governor. [Broadsides], 1826-1834. Indiana University
referencedIn Zavala, Lorenzo de, 1788-1836. Zavala, Lorenzo de, papers, 1818-1936. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Hernández de Guerrero, Guadalupe, d. 1847. Guadalupe Hernández de Guerrero Papers, 1822-1847. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Mexico collection, 1522-1915, 1770-1865 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Arrigunaga Family family
associatedWith Bustamante, Carlos María de, 1774-1848. person
associatedWith Chiapas (Mexico). Congreso. corporateBody
associatedWith Chihuahua (Mexico : State). Congreso. corporateBody
associatedWith Chihuahua (Mexico : State). Diputación Permanente. corporateBody
associatedWith Colima (Mexico : State). Guarnición. corporateBody
associatedWith García, Genaro, 1867-1920. person
associatedWith Hernández de Guerrero, Guadalupe, d. 1847. person
associatedWith Hernández y Dávalos, Juan E., b. 1827 person
associatedWith Iturbide, Agustín de, 1783-1824 person
associatedWith Mexico. Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores. corporateBody
associatedWith Muse, Benjamin Jr. person
associatedWith New Spain. Viceroy (1816-1821 : Apodaca) corporateBody
associatedWith Riva Palacio, Mariano, 1803-1880 person
associatedWith San Luis Potosí (Mexico : State). Governor. corporateBody
associatedWith Stuart, Daniel. person
associatedWith Zavala, Lorenzo de, 1788-1836 person
associatedWith Zeitlin & Ver Brugge (Los Angeles, Calif.) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Campeche (Mexico : State)
Mexico
Tixtla (Mexico)
Campeche (Mexico : State)
Mexico
Tixtla (Mexico)
Mexico--Guerrero (State)
Subject
Haciendas--Economic aspects--Mexico--History--19th century--Sources
Elections--History--19th century--Sources
Presidents--Mexico
Haciendas--Mexico--Guerrero (State)--History--19th century--Sources
presidents
Haciendas--History--19th century--Sources
Elections--Mexico--Guerrero (State)--History--19thcentury--Sources
Haciendas--Economic aspects--History--19th century--Sources
Cartas--Correspondencia, memorias, etc
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1782-08-10

Death 1831-02-14

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