Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930

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Glenn Hammond Curtiss (1878-1930) was an aviator and businessman. He developed the first practical amphibious airplane, as well as testing ship-based take-offs and landings.

From the description of Glenn Hammond Curtiss photographs of early aviation, circa 1900s-1930s. (Brigham Young University). WorldCat record id: 231717817

Glenn Curtiss (1878-1930), a successful motorcycle manufacturer in Hammondsport, New York, became legendary in the aviation world. Curtiss' entree into aviation came in the early years of 1900 when balloonist Thomas Baldwin used a Curtiss-built engine to power a balloon. By 1906 nearly all dirigibles in the U.S. were using a Curtiss engine. One of Curtiss' engines powered the first U.S. Army aircraft, the dirigible SC-1. In 1907, Curtiss and Alexander Graham Bell, founded the Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) which designed and built several aircraft. One of the aircraft built by the AEA was the first American aircraft to be equipped with ailerons, the White Wing. The invention of the aileron led to a patent fight between Curtiss and the Wright brothers. The AEA also built the first seaplane to be flown in the United States.

Curtiss continued to prove himself as a leader in the air. In 1908, Curtiss flew his plane, the June Bug, which was the first he had built, and won the Scientific American Trophy for making the first public flight of more than one kilometer in the United States. In 1909 at the Rheims Air Meet in France., Curtiss followed up his success by flying his Golden Flyer at the best speed in a two-lap triangular 6.2-mile course, averaging 47 miles per hour to win the Gordon Bennett Trophy and a $5,000 prize.

Other firsts in aviation achieved by a Curtiss plane include the first takeoff and landing on the deck of a ship in 1911, and the first transatlantic crossing in 1919 made by the NC-4. Curtiss also built the first U.S. Navy aircraft, called the Triad and trained the first two naval pilots. He received the prestigious Collier Trophy and the Aero Club Gold Medal in 1911.

The Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company was the largest aircraft manufacturer in the world during World War I. When it went public in 1916, it was the world's largest aviation company. During World War I, it produced 10,000 aircraft. In 1929, twelve Wright and Curtiss-affiliated companies merged to form The Curtiss-Wright Corporation. The company still exists.

From the guide to the Glenn Curtiss Collection, 1910-1924, (Wright State University, Special Collections and Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Hazel, John R., 1860-1951. Papers, 1884-1967 (bulk 1900-1907). Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. WINGS OF THE ARMY
referencedIn 1910 Los Angeles International Aviation Meet Research Collection, 1909-1999 California State University, Dominguez Hills Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PIONEER FLIGHTS
referencedIn Abbott Lawrence Rotch Papers, 1896-1912, (bulk 1903-1910) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn James Carruthers Memorial Aviation Collection of the Institute of Aeronautical History, Circa 1700-2004. Honnold/Mudd Library Special Collection and Archives
referencedIn Pickerill, Elmo N. (Elmo Neale), 1885-1968. Elmo N. Pickerill papers, 1910-1975. Library of Congress
referencedIn Address, May 7, 1909, delivered before the American Philosophical Society, 1909 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Elmo N. Pickerill Papers, 1910-1975 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. QUELQUES DATES DANS L'HISTOIRE DEL'AVIATION [CERTAIN DATES FROM HISTORY OF AVIATION]
referencedIn Glenn Curtiss Collection of Early Aviation Photographs, 1908-1915, 1912-1914 Wright State University, Special Collections and Archives
referencedIn Elizabeth Hiatt Gregory Collection of Material About American Aviation, 1900-1945 University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
referencedIn The Personal Collection of Maj. George E.A. Hallett, Bulk, 1914-1958, 1911-1982 San Diego Air and Space Museum Library and Archives
creatorOf Glenn Curtiss Collection, 1910-1924 Wright State University, Special Collections and Archives
referencedIn Couzens, James, 1872-1936. James Couzens papers, 1903-1940. Library of Congress
referencedIn Burt Sr., Joseph, 1886-1971. Joseph Burt Sr. papers, 1768-1977, 1905-1950 (bulk). New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn 1910 Los Angeles International Aviation Meet at Dominguez Flying Field Committee. 1910 Los Angeles International Aviation Meet Research Collection, 1909-1999. California State University, Dominguez Hills, CSUDH
referencedIn Rotch, Abbott Lawrence, 1861-1912. Abbott Lawrence Rotch papers 1896-1912 (bulk 1903-1910). Library of Congress
creatorOf Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930. Glenn Curtiss : Photographs, 1910-1924. Wright State University Libraries, Paul Laurence Dunbar Library
creatorOf McCormick, Harold F. (Harold Fowler), 1872-1941. Harold F. McCormick collection of aeronautica, 1780-1940 (bulk 1910-1920) Princeton University Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PRODUCTION OF C-46 COMMANDO
referencedIn Curtiss Aviation School photographs [graphic], 1916. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Finan, Edward J. Edward J. Finan Papers, 1937-1985 1950-1960. University of Texas at Dallas. Eugene McDermott Library
referencedIn Washington Irving Chambers Papers, 1871-1943, (bulk 1911-1919) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Wright Company (Dayton, Ohio),. The Wright Company, complainant-appellee, vs. the Herring-Curtis [i.e. Herring-Curtiss] Company, et al., defendants-appellants : brief of Mr. Wetmore for complainant-appellee, [1910?]. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn William Peters Aviation Photograph Collection, 1903-1964, 1908-1930 Wright State University, Special Collections and Archives
referencedIn Greene, Harrie E. Harrie E. Greene tape recordings, 1957. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. WINGS OF THE ARMY. PRODUCED BY US ARMY AIR CORPS
referencedIn Birren, William B., 1898-1973. Birren collection, 1915-1973. US Air Force Academy, McDermott Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PAST AIR RECORD FLIGHT amp; WRIGHT BROS
referencedIn Friedman, Robert,. Curtiss flying boats collection, 1912-1982. Alexandria Library
creatorOf Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930. Glenn Hammond Curtiss photographs of early aviation, circa 1900s-1930s. Brigham Young University, Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. MAKE AMERICA FIRST IN THE AIR
referencedIn Alden and Allene G. Hatch Papers, 1874-2003, 1933-1986 Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
referencedIn American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Institute of Aerospace Sciences archives, 1783-1962. Library of Congress
referencedIn Herring, Augustus Moore, 1867-1926. Augustus Moore Herring papers, 1891-1931. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Institute of Aerospace Sciences Archives, 1783-1962 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn H. W. Zurilgen Collection on Roy N. Francis, 1910-1952 History San Jose Research Library.
referencedIn James Couzens Papers, 1903-1940 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. HISTORY OF AVIATION
referencedIn Lawrence Sperry Aircraft Company. Records, 1918-1927. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Smithers, W. D. Collection 70-38., 1907-1930 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Hatch, Alden, 1898-1975. Papers of Alden and Allene Gaty Hatch, 1900-1993, bulk 1933-1975. University of Florida
referencedIn Sperry, Elmer Ambrose, 1860-1930. Papers, 1876-1931. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Chambers, Washington Irving, 1856-1934. Washington Irving Chambers papers, 1871-1943 (bulk 1911-1919). Library of Congress
referencedIn Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981. Smithers, W. D. Collection, 1907-1930 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Augustus Moore Herring papers, 1891-1931. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith 1910 Los Angeles International Aviation Meet at Dominguez Flying Field Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. corporateBody
associatedWith Augustus Moore, Herring 1867-1926. person
associatedWith Bell, Alexander Graham, 1847-1922 person
associatedWith Birren, William B., 1898-1973. person
associatedWith Burt Sr., Joseph, 1886-1971. person
associatedWith Carruthers, John Franklin Bruce, 1889-1960 person
correspondedWith Chambers, Washington Irving, 1856-1934. person
correspondedWith Couzens, James, 1872-1936. person
associatedWith Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Finan, Edward J. person
associatedWith Friedman, Robert, person
associatedWith Greene, Harrie E. person
associatedWith Gregory, Elizabeth Hiatt, b. 1872- person
associatedWith Hatch, Alden, 1898-1975. person
associatedWith Hatch, Allene Gaty. person
associatedWith Hazel, John R., 1860-1951. person
associatedWith Herring, Augustus Moore, 1867-1926. person
associatedWith Lawrence Sperry Aircraft Company. corporateBody
associatedWith McCormick, Harold F. (Harold Fowler), 1872-1941. person
associatedWith Peters, William H. person
associatedWith Pickerill, Elmo N. (Elmo Neale), 1885-1968. person
correspondedWith Rotch, Abbott Lawrence, 1861-1912. person
associatedWith Smithers, W. D. person
associatedWith Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981. person
associatedWith Sperry, Elmer Ambrose, 1860-1930. person
associatedWith Wright Company (Dayton, Ohio), corporateBody
associatedWith Zurilgen, H. W., Lt. Col. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Hammondsport (N.Y.)
San Diego (Calif.)
Subject
Aircraft industry--United States
Curtiss aircraft
Aeronautics--History--Photographs
Seaplanes--United States--History
Aeronautics--Photographs
Aeronautics--United States--History
Airplanes--Photographs
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1878-05-21

Death 1930-07-23

English

Information

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