Cottrell, Frederick Gardner, 1877-1948

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Chemist and inventor.

From the description of Frederick Gardner Cottrell papers, 1896-1951 (bulk 1907-1940). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81549200

Biographical Note

  • 1877, Jan. 10: Born, Oakland, Calif.
  • 1896: B.S., University of California, Berkeley, Calif.
  • 1897 - 1900 : Chemistry teacher, Oakland High School, Oakland, Calif.
  • 1902: Ph.D., University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
  • 1902 - 1911 : Instructor (1902-1906) and assistant professor (1906-1911) in physical chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, Calif.
  • 1903: Invented Cottrell electrical precipitator
  • circa 1908 - 1909 : Developed a process for removing water from crude oil
  • 1911 - 1920 : Chief physical chemist (1911-1914), chief chemist (1914-1915), chief metallurgist (1916-1919), assistant director (1919-1920), and director (1920), United States Bureau of Mines
  • 1912: Cofounded the Research Corporation to hold and develope his patents for the purpose of awarding scientific grants
  • circa 1917 - 1918 : Developed a process that reduced the cost of producing helium
  • 1921 - 1922 : Chairman, a division of chemistry and chemical toxicology of the National Research Council
  • circa 1922: Developed catalyst which allowed synthetic ammonia to be produced at the United States Government's Muscle Shoals, Tenn., plant
  • 1922 - 1943 : Director, United States Department of Agriculture, Fixed Nitrogen Research Laboratory (1922-1927); chief, division of fertilizer and fixed nitrogen investigation, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils (1927-1930); and consulting chemist, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils (1930-1940) and Bureau of Plant Industry (1940-1943)
  • 1948, Nov. 16: Died, Berkeley, Calif.

From the guide to the Frederick Gardner Cottrell Papers, 1896-1951, (bulk 1907-1940), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Cottrell, Frederick Gardner, 1877-1948. Letter. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Cottrell, Frederick Gardner, 1877-1948. Frederick Gardner Cottrell papers, 1896-1951 (bulk 1907-1940). Library of Congress
creatorOf Frederick Gardner Cottrell Papers, 1896-1951, (bulk 1907-1940) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Department of Chemistry papers, 1880-1980 University of Minnesota Libraries. University Archives [uarc]
referencedIn Hildebrand, Joel Henry, 1881-. Oral history interview with Joel Henry Hildebrand, 1974 March 11 to 26. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Cameron, Frank Thomas, 1909-1984. person
associatedWith Daniels, Farrington, 1889-1972. person
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
associatedWith Hildebrand, Joel Henry, 1881- person
associatedWith Research Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Royster, P. H. (Percy Hoke), 1888-1966. person
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Agriculture. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Minnesota. Dept. of Chemistry corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Nitric oxide
Science--History--20th century
Electrostatic precipitation--Patents
Electrostatic precipitation


Birth 1877-01-10

Death 1948-11-16





Ark ID: w6h41vdz

SNAC ID: 34144596