Mills, Roger Q. (Roger Quarles), 1832-1911

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Lawyer, of Corsicana, Tex.; member, Texas house of representatives (1859-1860); enlisted (1861) in the Confederate Army and served throughout the Civil War, attaining the rank of colonel of the 10th Texas Infantry Regiment.

From the description of Roger Q. Mills letter 1861 Mar. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70978914

Born in Kentucky, Roger Quarles Mills (1832-1911) moved to Texas in 1849 and, in short order, received an appointment to the staff of the state legislature. In 1852, he became a lawyer in Corsicana, where he later held public offices. He married Carolyn R. Jones in 1855 and fathered four daughters and one son.

During the 1850s, Mills’ political allegiances shifted from the Whig Party to the American Party and finally to the Democratic Party. As a state legislator from 1859 to 1860, he supported states’ rights and Texas’ succession. During the Civil War, Mills rose to the rank of colonel in the Tenth Texas Infantry. He was captured in early 1863 but soon returned to the Confederate Army through a prisoner exchange. Wounded at Missionary Ridge and the Battle of Atlanta, Mills participated in the battles of Wilson’s Creek, Arkansas Post, and Chickamauga.

Following the Civil War, Mills returned to Texas and was elected in 1872 to the House of Representatives, where he supported an end to Reconstruction, federal funds to expand the infrastructure of Texas, and frontier defense as well as introduced the Mills Bill for reduced tariffs. After the bill’s failure in Congress, the tariff became the primary issue in the presidential campaign of 1888. Mills filled John H. Reagan’s vacated Senate seat in 1892. He won the Senatorial election the following year, serving until 1899. Upon retirement, he lived off the profits of his oil wells in Corsicana.

Source: Barr, Alwyn. "Mills, Roger Quarles." Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed February 15, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fmi40.

From the guide to the Mills, Roger Quarles, Papers 1940., 1813-1938, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

Born in Kentucky, Roger Quarles Mills (1832-1911) moved to Texas in 1849 and, in short order, received an appointment to the staff of the state legislature.

In 1852, he became a lawyer in Corsicana, where he later held public offices. He married Carolyn R. Jones in 1855 and fathered four daughters and one son.

During the 1850s, Mills' political allegiances shifted from the Whig Party to the American Party and finally to the Democratic Party.

As a state legislator from 1859 to 1860, he supported states' rights and Texas' succession. During the Civil War, Mills rose to the rank of colonel in the Tenth Texas Infantry. He was captured in early 1863 but soon returned to the Confederate Army through a prisoner exchange. Wounded at Missionary Ridge and the Battle of Atlanta, Mills participated in the battles of Wilson's Creek, Arkansas Post, and Chickamauga.

Following the Civil War, Mills returned to Texas and was elected in 1872 to the House of Representatives, where he supported an end to Reconstruction, federal funds to expand the infrastructure of Texas, and frontier defense as well as introduced the Mills Bill for reduced tariffs.

After the bill's failure in Congress, the tariff became the primary issue in the presidential campaign of 1888. Mills filled John H. Reagan's vacated Senate seat in 1892. He won the Senatorial election the following year, serving until 1899. Upon retirement, he lived off the profits of his oil wells in Corsicana.

From the description of Mills, Roger Quarles, Papers, 1813-1938 (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 706074273

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Henderson, Thomas Stalworth, 1849-1937. Henderson, Thomas Stalworth, Papers, 1852-1941, 1967 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Henderson, Wallace W. Wallace Henderson papers, 1945-1960. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Mills, Roger Quarles, 1832-1911. Mills, Roger Quarles, Papers, 1813-1938 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Henderson, Thomas Stalworth, Papers 1938; 68-11; 71-163; 93-039., 1852-1941, 1967 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Williams, George Fred, 1852-1932. George Fred Williams papers, 1869-1898. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Mills, Roger Q. (Roger Quarles), 1832-1911. Roger Q. Mills letter 1861 Mar. 24. Navarro College
referencedIn John Van Loan autograph album, 1879-1902. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Biography -- Mills, Roger Q. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
creatorOf Mills, Roger Quarles, Papers 1940., 1813-1938 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Connecticut. Court of Common Pleas. Court of Common Pleas case records, 1888-1890. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Mills, Roger Quarles, 1832-1911. Mills, Roger Quarles, Papers, 1813-1938 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Eberstadt Collection AR 76-62., 1699-1959 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Connecticut. Court of Common Pleas. corporateBody
associatedWith Democratic Party (Tex.) corporateBody
associatedWith Eberstadt, Edward, 1883-1958 person
associatedWith Henderson, Thomas Stalworth, 1849-1937 person
associatedWith Henderson, Wallace W. person
associatedWith Mills, Roger Q. (Roger Quarles), 1832-1911. person
associatedWith Texas. Convention (1861) corporateBody
associatedWith United States corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. Congress. Senate. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Congress. House. Committe on Ways and Means corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate corporateBody
associatedWith Van Loan, John, collector. person
associatedWith Williams, George Fred, 1852-1932. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Washington (D.C.)
Corsicana (Tex.)
United States
Texas
Washington (D.C.)
Texas
Southern States
United States
Corsicana (Tex.)
United States
Subject
Secession
Legislators--Correspondence
Politicians--Texas--History--19th century
Tariff--History
Chickamauga (Ga.) Battle of, 1863
Tariff--United States--History
Politics, Practical--Texas--History--19th century
Occupation
Legislators--Texas
Function

Person

Birth 1832-03-30

Death 1911-09-02

Male

English

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