Kameny, Frank, 1925-2011

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Frank Kameny (b. May 21, 1925, New York, N.Y.-d. October 11, 2011, Washington, D.C.) was an American gay rights activist. He served in the U.S. Army during World War II with combat duty in Germany and recieved a Ph.D in astronomy from Harvard University in 1956. In 1957 he was dismissed from the U.S. Army Map Service on charges of homosexual activity and appealed the dismissal through government review boards and the federal courts, all the way up to the U.S. Supreme Court which declined his appeal for review. In 1961 he founded the Mattachine Society of Washington and through the 1990s he served as counsel or representative for applicants charged with homosexual activity before a variety of federal administrative review boards, specializing in federal employment, security clearance, and military discharge cases. He also campaigned for the removal of homosexuality from the American Psychiatric Association's diagnostic manual of mental disorders, the reversal of the U.S. Civil Service Commission's exclusion of homosexuals from federal employment, the revocation of the District of Columbia's sodomy laws, and the retraction of policies denying national security clearances to homosexuals. In 1965, Kameny led the first public protests for gay rights at the White House.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Frank Kameny Papers, 1843-2006, (bulk 1957-1996) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Petition for Writ of Certiorari - Number 676 - Kameny v. Brucker United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Franklin Edward Kameny v. Honorable Wilber M. Brucker, Secretary of the Army, et al., Appellee United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Bachardy, Don, 1934-. Mariposa portrait series. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Barbara Gittings and Kay Tobin Lahusen gay history papers and photographs, 1855-2009, 1963-2007 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Gittings, Barbara, 1932-2007. Barbara Gittings and Kay Tobin Lahusen gay history papers and photographs, 1855-2009 (bulk 1963-2007). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn International Gay Information Center collection, 1951-1994 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Papers of John F. Kennedy ... White House Central Name File, Kameny, Franklin E., 15 May 1961-6 March 1963 John F. Kennedy Library
creatorOf Donaldson, Stephen. Stephen Donaldson papers, 1965-1996. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Stephen Donaldson papers, 1965-1998 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Kameny, Frank, 1925-2011. Frank Kameny-George Painter correspondence, 1981-1997. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
creatorOf Washington (D.C.). Statehood Constitutional Convention (1982). Washington, D.C. Statehood Constitutional Convention transcript, 1982 Feb. 9-May 29. George Washington University
creatorOf Kameny, Frank, 1925-2011. Frank Kameny papers, 1843-2006 (bulk 1957-1996). Library of Congress
creatorOf International Gay Information Center. International Gay Information Center collection, 1951-1994. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Bok, Bart Jan, 1906-. The structure of the Milky Way system : seminar notes, 1952. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Mariposa portrait series. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Harry R. Eberlin photographs, circa 1972-1980 John J. Wilcox Jr. GLBT Archives of Philadelphia
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bachardy, Don. person
associatedWith Bachardy, Don, 1934- person
associatedWith Bok, Bart Jan, 1906- person
associatedWith Christopher Street That New Magazine corporateBody
associatedWith Crawford, Donald Lee. person
associatedWith Donaldson, Stephen person
associatedWith Donaldson, Stephen. person
associatedWith East Coast Homophile Organizations. corporateBody
associatedWith Eberlin, Harry R. person
associatedWith Fulton, Robert Lee. person
associatedWith Gay Activists Alliance of Washington, D.C. corporateBody
associatedWith Gay Alliance of Brooklyn corporateBody
associatedWith Gayer, Richard L. person
associatedWith Gay Rights National Lobby (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Gittings, Barbara, 1932-2007 person
correspondedWith Grey, Antony, 1927-2010 person
correspondedWith Grier, Barbara, 1933-2011 person
correspondedWith Gunnison, Foster, 1925-1994 person
correspondedWith Inman, Richard, 1926-1985 person
associatedWith International Gay Information Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Jackson, Don person
correspondedWith Kight, Morris, 1919-2003 person
correspondedWith Leitsch, Dick person
correspondedWith Littlejohn, Larry person
correspondedWith Manford, Morty, 1950-1992 person
correspondedWith Martin, Robert A., 1946-1996 person
associatedWith Matlovich, Leonard. person
associatedWith Mattachine Society of Washington. corporateBody
associatedWith Mattachine Society of Washington. Mattachine Society of Washington records. 1956-1984. corporateBody
associatedWith National Gay Task Force. corporateBody
correspondedWith Nichols, Jack person
correspondedWith Noble, Elaine, b. 1944 person
associatedWith Painter, George. person
correspondedWith Polak, Clark P., 1937-1980 person
correspondedWith Sagarin, Edward, 1913- person
correspondedWith Schlegel, Richard LaMar person
correspondedWith Scott, Bruce Chardon person
correspondedWith Slater, Don, 1923-1997 person
associatedWith Tabler, Otis Francis. person
correspondedWith Tobin, Kay person
associatedWith Ulrich, Otto H., 1935-2001. person
correspondedWith United States Civil Service Commission corporateBody
correspondedWith Voeller, Bruce R. person
correspondedWith Warner, Arthur Cyrus, 1918-2007 person
associatedWith Washington (D.C.). Statehood Constitutional Convention (1982) corporateBody
associatedWith Wentworth, Benning. person
correspondedWith Wicker, Randy person
correspondedWith Willer, Shirley E., b. 1922 person
associatedWith Young, Allen, 1941- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Gays--Political Activity--United States
Lesbians--United States
Military discharge--United States
Security clearances--United States
Gay rights
Gays--Employment--Law and legislation--United States
Gay rights--United States
Gays--Political activity
Gays--Washington (D.C.)--Societies, etc
Homosexuality--Law and legislation--United States
Social action
Gay liberation movement--United States
Social action--United States
Discrimination in employment--United States
Lesbians--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States
Homophobia--United States
Gays in the civil service
Gays--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States
Civil service--United States
Gay military personnel
Homosexuality--Law and legislation
Gays--Legal status, laws, etc
Gays--United States
Gays--United States--Societies, etc
Gays--Government policy
Sodomy--Legislative history
Homosexuality--United States--Societies, etc
Military discharge
Gays--Employment--Law and legislation
Security clearances
Gay military personnel--United States
Lesbians--legal status, laws, etc
Gays--Societies, etc
Discrimination--United States
Homosexuality--Societies, etc
Discrimination in employment
Gay liberation movement
Homosexuality--United States
Civil service
Gays--Government policy--United States
Gays in the civil service--United States
Gay rights activists
Gay activists--Washington (D.C.)


Birth 1925-05-21

Death 2011-10-11



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