Lomonosov, Mikhail Vasilʹevich, 1711-1765

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Russian chemist, astronomer, grammarian, historian; often called founder of Russian science; wrote poems, drama.

From the description of Lomonosov's briefcase. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78695918

From the description of Mineral catalogs (in "Lomonossovania"). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84971906

Russian chemist, astronomer, grammarian, poet, historian. Studied science in Moscow, 1731-1735; at University of Imperial Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, 1736; then in Germany at Marburg (with C. Wolff), 1736; and at Freiberg, 1739; Professor at University of Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1745 (later rector), built laboratory for teaching and research, 1749; established factory for making colored glass and mosaics; Secretary of State, 1764; member St. Petersburg Academy Sciences, 1741; wrote several memoirs for "Comentarii" of St. Petersburg Academy. Urged importance of study of chemistry in Russia; stressed especially it be developed mathematically; noted increase in weight when lead converted into minum; strongly criticized pholgiston theory; explicitly stated idea of conservation of matter; regarded heat as form of motion of particles (hence often considered anticipator of kinetic theory of gases); developed theory of gases which assumes particles rotating and motion transmitted from particle to particle by friction between their rough surfaces; experimented on expansion of air by heat; first to record freezing of mercury; first to observe atmosphere of Venus (during solar transit, 1761); adopted Wolffian rationalistic approach to science; researches in metallurgy, geology, meteorology, cartography; translated textbooks into Russian; wrote grammar that reformed Russian literary language; published first history of

Russia, 1760; (with Euler) helped found University of Moscow; often called founder of Russian science; wrote poems, drama.

From the description of Papers (including Lomonossoviana), 1724-1930. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78783372

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Alexander II, Emperor of Russia, 1818-1881. Russian portraits : photograph album, 1865. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Lomonosov, Mikhail Vasilʹevich, 1711-1765. Lomonosov's briefcase. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn American Russian Institute. Photograph collection of Russian writers, artists, and scientists, ca. 1947-1951. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Lomonosov, Mikhail Vasilʹevich, 1711-1765. Papers (including Lomonossoviana), 1724-1930. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf [Mikhail Vasilʹevich Lomonosov, biographical materials] University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Karzhavin, F. V. (Fedor Vasilʹevich), 1745-1812. Letters, 1773-1788. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library
creatorOf Lomonosov, Mikhail Vasilʹevich, 1711-1765. Mineral catalogs (in "Lomonossovania"). American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith American Russian Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Karzhavin, F. V. (Fedor Vasilʹevich), 1745-1812. person
associatedWith Kniazeva, G. M. person
associatedWith Kul'man, N. K. person
associatedWith Lamanskij, V. I. person
associatedWith Sukomlinov, M. I. person
associatedWith Svinín, P. P. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Russia
Russia
Subject
Science--18th century
Scientists--Correspondence--18th century
Optics--18th century
Minerals--Catalogs
Chemistry--18th century
Occupation
Chemists--18th century.--Russia
Chemists--Russia--18th century
Function

Person

Birth 1711-11-19

Death 1765-04-15

Russians

Russian

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