Garcia, Jerry, 1942-1995

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Jerome John "Jerry" Garcia (August 1, 1942 – August 9, 1995) was an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, best known for being a principal songwriter, the lead guitarist and a vocalist with the rock band the Grateful Dead, of which he was a founding member and which came to prominence during the counterculture of the 1960s. Although he disavowed the role, Garcia was viewed by many as the leader of the band.

As one of its founders, Garcia performed with the Grateful Dead for their entire 30-year career (1965–1995). Garcia also founded and participated in a variety of side projects, including the Saunders–Garcia Band (with longtime friend Merl Saunders), the Jerry Garcia Band, Old & In the Way, the Garcia/Grisman and Garcia/Kahn acoustic duos, Legion of Mary, and New Riders of the Purple Sage (which he co-founded with John Dawson and David Nelson). He also released several solo albums, and contributed to a number of albums by other artists over the years as a session musician. He was well known for his distinctive guitar playing, and was ranked 13th in Rolling Stone's "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" cover story in 2003. In the 2015 version of the list he was ranked at #46.

Garcia was also renowned for his musical and technical ability, particularly his ability to play a variety of instruments and sustain long improvisations with the Grateful Dead. Garcia believed that improvisation took stress away from his playing and allowed him to make spur of the moment decisions that he would not have made intentionally. In an interview with Rolling Stone, Garcia noted that "my own preferences are for improvisation, for making it up as I go along. The idea of picking, of eliminating possibilities by deciding, that's difficult for me". Originating from the days of the “acid tests”, these improvisations were a form of exploration rather than playing a song already written.

Later in life, Garcia struggled with diabetes and in 1986, went into a diabetic coma that nearly cost him his life. Although his overall health improved somewhat after that, he continued to struggle with obesity, smoking, and longstanding heroin and cocaine addictions. He was staying in a California drug rehabilitation facility when he died of a heart attack on August 9, 1995, at the age of 53.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Anthony, Gene. Gene Anthony photograph collection [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Cable 13 (Television station : Durham, N.C.). Cable 13 videotapes, 1976-1982. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Keenan, Larry. Larry Keenan, Jr. photograph archive [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Zakarin, Marc,. Churchmouse/Moyssi Programs , 1974-1984, undated. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Library and Archives
creatorOf GARCIA, JERRY. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
Relation Name
associatedWith Anthony, Gene. person
associatedWith Cable 13 (Television station : Durham, N.C.) corporateBody
memberOf Grateful Dead (Musical group) corporateBody
associatedWith Keenan, Larry. person
memberOf United States. Army corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
San Francisco CA US
California CA US
Subject
Rock music--1961-1970
Rock music--1991-2000
Rock music--1981-1990
Psychedelic rock music--United States
Grateful Dead (Musical group)
Rock music--1971-1980
Occupation
Songwriter
Musicians
Musician and Singer
Musician
Guitarists
Activity

Person

Birth 1942-08-01

Death 1995-08-09

Male

Americans

English

Information

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