Tobin, Maurice J.

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Maurice Joseph Tobin was born on May 22, 1901, in the Mission Hill section of Boston, Massachusetts. He graduated from Boston College before entering politics as a protégé of James Michael Curley. In 1926, he was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives and served from 1927 to 1929. He served on the Boston School Committee from 1931 to 1937. In 1937, he defeated Curley to be elected Mayor of Boston, and served as Mayor from 1938 to 1945, during which time he advocated the Fair Employment Practices Bill, which prohibited discrimination based on race, color, creed, and national origin in hiring or promotion practices. In 1944, he was elected Governor of Massachusetts, and served from 1945 to 1947. His administration was marked by efforts to increase the benefits of unemployment insurance and workers compensation. He is also credited with the creation of Massport. In 1946, he was defeated for re-election by his Lieutenant Governor, Robert F. Bradford. He was appointed Secretary of Labor by President Harry S. Truman and served from August 13, 1948 to January 20, 1953. While Secretary, he built the Labor Attache program. He made effective use of his Trade Union Advisory Committee for International Affairs to mobilize American unions' support in the rebuilding of war-ravaged Europe under the Marshall Plan. He consolidated most of the widely dispersed government labor functions in the Department. With the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950, an Executive Order made him responsible for wartime labor supply; created the Defense Manpower Administration. He died on July 19, 1953, and was interred in Holyhood Cemetery in Brookline, Massachusetts. In 1967, the Mystic River Bridge in Boston, Massachusetts, was renamed the Maurice J. Tobin Memorial Bridge.

From the description of Tobin, Maurice J., 1901-1953 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10571500

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Production Library Audio Recordings. 1999 - 2005. PRESIDENT TRUMAN, OPENING OF THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INDUSTRIALSAFETY
referencedIn Newman, Pauline. Papers, 1903-1982 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [JUNE 24]
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [OCT. 9]
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [MAY 17]
creatorOf Maurice J. Tobin Papers. 1948 - 1953. Subject Files
referencedIn Longines Wittnauer Watch Company, Inc. Collection. 1951 - 1955. Motion Picture Films of Television Interviews With Significant Newsmakers of the Early 1950s. 1951 - 1955. LONGINES CHRONOSCOPE [WITH MAURICE J. TOBIN]
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [JAN. 13] United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Papers, 1900-1980 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [NOV. 24]
referencedIn Frank Murphy papers, 1908-1949 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. MRS. JEAN HANSON PRESENTED CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL OF HONOR FOR HER SON, LT. ROBERT HANSON, PILOT KILLED IN PACIFIC, BOSTON, MASS
referencedIn Levis, Rosa Marie Finnochietti, 1878-1959. Papers, 1890-1959 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1890-1959 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [MAY 7]
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [NOV. 24]
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [MAY 31)
creatorOf Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies. New England Division. Records, 1940-1942. Library of Congress
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [FEB. 9]
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [JUNE 13]
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Birth 1901-05-22

Death 1953-07-19

English

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