Gaye, Marvin, 1939-1984

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Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay Jr.; April 2, 1939 – April 1, 1984) was an American singer, songwriter, and record producer. He helped to shape the sound of Motown in the 1960s, first as an in-house session player and later as a solo artist with a string of hits, earning him the nicknames "Prince of Motown" and "Prince of Soul".

Gaye's Motown hits include "Ain't That Peculiar", "How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved By You)", and "I Heard It Through the Grapevine". Gaye also recorded duets with Mary Wells, Kim Weston, Tammi Terrell, and Diana Ross. During the 1970s, Gaye recorded the albums What's Going On and Let's Get It On and became one of the first artists in Motown to break away from the reins of a production company. His later recordings influenced several contemporary R&B subgenres, such as quiet storm and neo soul. He was a tax exile in Europe in the early 1980s; he released "Sexual Healing" the 1982 hit which won his first two Grammy Awards on the album Midnight Love. Gaye's last televised appearances were at the 1983 NBA All-Star Game, where he sang "The Star-Spangled Banner"; Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever; and Soul Train.

On April 1, 1984, the eve of his 45th birthday, Gaye was shot dead by his father, Marvin Gay Sr., at their house in West Adams, Los Angeles, after an argument. Gay Sr. later pleaded no contest to voluntary manslaughter, and received a six-year suspended sentence and five years of probation.

Many institutions have posthumously bestowed Gaye with awards and other honors including the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, and inductions into the Rhythm and Blues Music Hall of Fame, the Songwriters Hall of Fame, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (1987). What’s Going On, one of his most well-know songs, was also included in the National Recording Registry. His songs have been covered by such varied artists as James Taylor, Brian McKnight, Kate Bush, Michael McDonald, Aretha Franklin, Diana Ross and The Strokes. His name has been mentioned in numerous Top 10 hits, and his recordings have been sampled by the likes of Kanye West and Mary J. Blige.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Gaye, Marvin, 1939-1984. I heard it through the grapevine [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf DeSanto, Sugar Pie, 1935-.... Almost grown. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Gaye, Marvin, 1939-1984. Sexual healing / Marvin Gaye, chant... [et al.]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf DeSanto, Sugar Pie, 1935-.... Back in the USA. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Alan E. Abrams papers, 1959-1982, 1964-1971 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf Gaye, Marvin, 1939-1984. I heard it through the grapevine [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Coleridge-Taylor Perkinson papers, 1975-1978 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
creatorOf Gaye, Marvin, 1939-1984. Sexual healing [Multimédia multisupport] / Marvin Gaye, chant... [et al.]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Gaye, Marvin, 1939-1984. I heard it through the grapevine [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Nicolas Slonimsky Collection, 1873-1997, (bulk 1920-1990) Library of Congress. Music Division
creatorOf Perkinson, Coleridge-Taylor. Coleridge-Taylor Perkinson papers, 1975-1978. New York Public Library System, NYPL
Relation Name
associatedWith Abrams, Alan E. person
associatedWith Motown record corporation corporateBody
associatedWith Perkinson, Coleridge-Taylor person
associatedWith Perkinson, Coleridge-Taylor. person
associatedWith Slonimsky, Nicolas, 1894-1995 person
memberOf United States. Air Force corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Washington, D. C. DC US
Los Angeles CA US
Subject
Musicians
Rhythm and blues music
Rhythm and blues musicians
Soul music
Occupation
Singers
Musician and Singer
Producer
Songwriters
Activity

Person

Birth 1939-04-02

Death 1984-04-01

Male

Americans

English

Information

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