Southern Conference for Human Welfare

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The Southern Conference for Human Welfare (SCHW) was formed in 1938 in Birmingham, Alabama to promote civil liberties and to combat economic problems in the South by expanding the New Deal to attack southern poverty. The organization campaigned against the poll tax, allied itself with the Congress of Industrial Organizations, held interracial meetings, and followed a "popular front" strategy which allowed Communists membership in SCHW. This policy led to charges of Communist influence, a factor which hastened the SCHW's demise in 1948.

From the description of Clark Foreman files, 1934-1967. (Robert W. Woodruff Library of the Atlanta University Center, Inc.). WorldCat record id: 38477301

From the description of Southern Conference for Human Welfare publications, 1938-1967. (Robert W. Woodruff Library of the Atlanta University Center, Inc.). WorldCat record id: 38477297

From the description of National Office correspondence and records, 1938-1967. (Robert W. Woodruff Library of the Atlanta University Center, Inc.). WorldCat record id: 38477294

From the description of Southern Conference for Human Welfare records, 1938-1967 (bulk 1946-1948). (Robert W. Woodruff Library of the Atlanta University Center, Inc.). WorldCat record id: 38477180

From the description of State committees files, 1938-1967. (Robert W. Woodruff Library of the Atlanta University Center, Inc.). WorldCat record id: 38477295

The National Committee to Abolish the Poll Tax was established in 1941. The Committee's work was originally started by the Civil Rights Committee of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare. Virginia Foster Durr and Joseph Gelders directed the work of the Committee to persuade Congress to repeal the poll tax. Although the Committee collapsed in 1948, it succeeded in turning public opinion in the South against the poll tax.

From the description of National Committee to Abolish the Poll Tax records, 1941-1948. (Robert W. Woodruff Library of the Atlanta University Center, Inc.). WorldCat record id: 38477299

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Durr, Virginia Foster,. Virginia Foster Durr oral history interview, 1990 Mar. 9. Georgia State University
creatorOf Southern Conference for Human Welfare. National Office correspondence and records, 1938-1967. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
referencedIn McGill, Ralph, 1898-1969. Ralph McGill papers, 1853-1971. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Foreman, Clark Howell, 1902-1977. Papers of Clark Foreman [manuscript], 1917-1977. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Douty, Kenneth. Kenneth Douty Collection. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
referencedIn Horton, Myles, 1905-1990,. Myles Horton oral history interview, 1989 Dec. 15. Georgia State University
referencedIn Earl Browder Papers, 1879-1990 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Rainey, Glenn W. (Glenn Weddington), 1907-1988,. Glen Rainey oral history interview, 1977 Nov. 8. Georgia State University
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Reed, Linda, 1955-. Oral history interviews of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare/Educational Fund Oral History Project, 1983. Indiana University
creatorOf Southern Conference for Human Welfare. Clark Foreman files, 1934-1967. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
creatorOf Southern Conference for Human Welfare. National Committee to Abolish the Poll Tax records, 1941-1948. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
referencedIn Douty, Kenneth. Report and letters, 1956; 1971 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Alexander W. McAlister Papers, 1886-1946 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Mitch, William, 1881-1974. William Mitch scrapbooks, 1924-1946. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Braden, Carl, 1914-1975. Carl and Anne Braden papers, 1928-2006. Wisconsin Historical Society Archives
referencedIn Paul Green Papers, 1880-1992 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Braden, Carl, 1914-1975. Carl and Anne Braden Papers, 1928-1990. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Southern Conference for Human Welfare. Southern Conference for Human Welfare publications, 1938-1967. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
referencedIn Miller, Francis Pickens, 1895-1978. Papers of Francis Pickens Miller [manuscript], 1885-1976. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Rainey, Dorothy Quattlebaum,. Dorothy Rainey oral history interview, 1977 Nov. 8. Georgia State University
creatorOf Southern Conference for Human Welfare. State committees files, 1938-1967. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
referencedIn Dalton, Jack, 1908-. Papers relating to race relations [manuscript] 1943-1958. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Southern Conference for Human Welfare. Southern Conference for Human Welfare records, 1938-1967 (bulk 1946-1948). Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Council on Race Relations. corporateBody
associatedWith American Federation of Trades. corporateBody
associatedWith Bethune, Mary McLeod, 1875-1955. person
associatedWith Bittner, Van A. 1885- person
associatedWith Braden, Carl, 1914-1975. person
associatedWith Browder, Earl, 1891-1973 person
associatedWith Brown, Charlotte Hawkins, 1883-1961. person
associatedWith Congress of Industrial Organizations (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Dombrowski, James A. 1897-1983. person
associatedWith Douty, Kenneth. person
associatedWith Durr, Clifford J. 1899- person
associatedWith Durr, Virginia Foster, person
associatedWith Foreman, Clark, 1902-1977. person
associatedWith Gelders, Joseph. person
associatedWith Geyer, Lee E. person
associatedWith Graham, Frank Porter, 1886-1972. person
associatedWith Green, Paul, 1894-1981 person
associatedWith Hall, Grover C. 1915-1971. person
associatedWith Horton, Myles, 1905-1990, person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Maverick, Maury, 1895-1954. person
associatedWith McAlister, Alexander W., 1862-1946 person
associatedWith McGill, Ralph, 1898-1969. person
associatedWith Miller, Francis Pickens, 1895-1978. person
associatedWith Mitch, William, 1881-1974. person
associatedWith National Committee to Abolish the Poll Tax. corporateBody
associatedWith National Committee to Win the Peace (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Council of Negro Women. corporateBody
associatedWith National Emergency Council (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Institute of Social Relations. corporateBody
associatedWith National Urban League. corporateBody
associatedWith Pepper, Claude, 1900-1989. person
associatedWith Perry, Jennings, 1900-1987. person
associatedWith Rainey, Dorothy Quattlebaum, person
associatedWith Rainey, Glenn W. (Glenn Weddington), 1907-1988, person
associatedWith Sheppard, Lee. person
associatedWith Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. person
associatedWith Southern Conference Educational Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Ulmstead, William B. person
associatedWith United States. Committee on Fair Employment Practice. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American Activities. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Public Works Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith Wallace, Henry A. 1888-1965. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Southern States
Southern States
Southern States
North Carolina
Southern States
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Atlanta (Ga.)
United States
Georgia
Southern States
Subject
African Americans--Civil rights
Lynching
Voter registration
Communism
African Americans--Suffrage
Poll tax
African American labor union members
Governmental investigations
Presidents--Election--1946
Strikes and lockouts
Race discrimination
Freedom Train
African Americans--Economic conditions
New Deal, 1933-1939
Discrimination in employment
African Americans--Employment
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1934

Active 1967

Information

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SNAC ID: 72993629