Anaya, Rudolfo A.

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Rudolfo Anaya was born to Martín and Rafaelita Mares Anaya on October 30, 1937, in Pastura, New Mexico. He attended public schools in Santa Rosa and Albuquerque. A student in the English Department at the University of New Mexico, he earned a B.A. in 1963 and an M.A. in 1968. In 1972 he earned a second M.A. in guidance and counseling, also from the University of New Mexico. Anaya married Patricia Lawless in 1966. After teaching in Albuquerque public schools from 1963-1970, he became director of counseling at the University of Albuquerque. He began teaching in the English Department at the University of New Mexico in 1974 where he remained until he retired in 1993. Anaya achieved national recognition and an international reputation as a prominent author of Chicano literature. Since the publication of his first and best known novel, Bless Me, Última in 1972, he has produced a large body of work including: Heart of Aztlán, Tortuga, Alburquerque, Zia Summer, Rio Grande Fall, Shaman Winter, The Legend of La Llorona and short stories, plays, poetry, essays, and anthologies. He has also written the lyrics for an opera based on the legend of La Llorona. Rudolfo Anaya has received many awards and honors. These include the New Mexico Endowment for the Humanities Lifetime achievement in the Humanities Award, the Mexican Medal of Friendship, an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters Degree from the University of Albuquerque, and the Governor's Award for Literature. In 2002, Anaya was awarded the National Medal of Arts for his "exceptional contribution to contemporary American literature that has brought national recognition to the traditions of the Chicano people, and for his efforts to promote Hispanic writers."

From the description of Papers, 1960-2004 (University of New Mexico-Main Campus). WorldCat record id: 34140001

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Guide to the Ricardo Sánchez Papers, 1941-1995 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
creatorOf Cheuse, Alan. Papers of Alan Cheuse [manuscript], 1961-1988. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cheuse, Alan. Papers of Alan Cheuse, 1974-1989. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Huerta, Jorge A. Jorge Huerta papers, 1964-2008. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Steiner, Stan. Papers, ca. 1961-1987. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Lozoya, Oscar. Oscar Lozoya photograph collection [picture]. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Anaya, Rudolfo A. Smashing art, burning books / [Rudolfo A. Anaya]. University of Arizona Libraries
referencedIn Haines, Cynthia Farah, 1949-. Cynthia Farah Writers of the Southwest Photograph Collection [picture]. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Cinco Puntos Press records, 1970-2002 New Mexico State University. Archives and Special Collections Department.
creatorOf Anaya, Rudolfo A. Papers, 1960-2004 University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Press of the Palace of Governors. Press of the Palace of the Governors records, 1974-1997. Museum of New Mexico Library
referencedIn Dunaway, David King. David Dunaway Writing the Southwest research and recordings, 1976-2005. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Big Read in Athens, "Bless me, Ultima" materials, 2008. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Juan Bruce-Novoa Papers BENSON-MS BRUCE-NOVOA. 22946235., 1973- Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bruce-Novoa, 1944- person
associatedWith Cheuse, Alan. person
associatedWith Cinco Puntos Press. corporateBody
associatedWith Dunaway, David King. person
associatedWith Haines, Cynthia Farah, 1949- person
associatedWith Huerta, Jorge A. person
associatedWith Lozoya, Oscar. person
associatedWith Press of the Palace of Governors. corporateBody
associatedWith Sánchez, Ricardo, 1941- person
associatedWith Steiner, Stan. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New Mexico
Mexican American authors--20th century
Mexican Americans in literature
Hispanic American literature (Spanish)--20th century
Novelists, American--20th century
Hispanic American men
Book burning
Mexican American literature (Spanish)
Authors, American
Writer, Prose, Fiction and Nonfiction


Birth 1937-10-30


Spanish; Castilian,




Ark ID: w6cc0z5v

SNAC ID: 53221302