Romney, Mitt, 1947-

Variant names

Hide Profile

Willard Mitt Romney (born March 12, 1947) is an American politician and businessman who has served as the junior United States senator from Utah since January 2019. He previously served as the 70th Governor of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007 and was the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2012 election.

Raised in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, by his parents, George and Lenore Romney, he spent over two years from 1966 in France as a Mormon missionary. He married Ann Davies in 1969; they have five sons. By 1971, he had participated in the political campaigns of both parents. Romney earned a Bachelor of Arts in English from Brigham Young University (BYU) in 1971 and a joint JD–MBA from Harvard University in 1975. Romney became a management consultant and in 1977 joined Bain & Company in Boston. As Bain's chief executive officer (CEO), he later helped lead the company out of a financial crisis. In 1984, he co-founded and led the spin-off company Bain Capital, a highly profitable private equity investment firm that became one of the largest of its kind in the nation. Active in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) throughout his adult life, Romney served as bishop of his ward and later as a stake president near Boston.

After stepping down from Bain Capital and his local leadership role in the LDS Church, Romney ran as the Republican candidate in the 1994 United States Senate election in Massachusetts. After losing to longtime incumbent Ted Kennedy, he resumed his position at Bain Capital. Years later, a successful stint as President and CEO of the then-struggling Salt Lake Organizing Committee for the 2002 Winter Olympics led to a re-launch of his political career. Elected Governor of Massachusetts in 2002, Romney helped develop and later signed a health care reform law that provided near-universal health insurance access through state-level subsidies and individual mandates to purchase insurance. He also presided over the elimination of a projected $1.2–1.5 billion deficit through a combination of spending cuts, increased fees and closing corporate tax loopholes. He did not seek re-election in 2006, instead focusing on his campaign for the Republican nomination in the 2008 U.S. presidential election. Though he won several primaries and caucuses, Senator John McCain was chosen as the Republican Party's nominee. Romney's considerable net worth, estimated in 2012 at $190–250 million, helped finance his political campaigns prior to 2012. Romney won the 2012 Republican presidential nomination, becoming the first LDS Church member to be a presidential nominee of a major party. He was defeated by incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama in the 2012 presidential election, losing the Electoral College by a margin of 206–332 and the popular vote by a margin of 47%–51%.

After re-establishing residency in Utah, Romney announced his campaign for the U.S. Senate seat held by the retiring Orrin Hatch in the 2018 election; he defeated state representative Mike Kennedy in the Republican primary and Democrat Jenny Wilson in the general election. In doing so, he became only the third individual ever to be elected governor of one state and U.S. senator for another state (the others being Sam Houston and William Bibb). Romney was sworn in on January 3, 2019. In the impeachment trial of Donald Trump, he voted to convict the president of abuse of power (over Trump's attempts to get the Ukrainian President to announce an investigation into his political rival Joe Biden), becoming the first (and so far only) senator in U.S. history to vote to convict a president of their own party.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's External Relations Office. Proclamation files, 1998-2006. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Press Office. Press releases, 1962-2006. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor. Fixed asset recording records, 1991-2004. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Legislative Office. Legislative review files, 1925-2006. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Presidential Political Campaign Ephemera, 2012 MSS. 3703., 2012 W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library, The University of Alabama
referencedIn Kenneth Hubbard Collection of Political Campaign Ephemera, 1880-2012 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. Legal research/issues files, 1983-2006. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Romney, Mitt. Mitt Romney : commercials, 1994. University of Oklahoma, Political Community Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Press Office. Speeches and testimonies, 1879-2006 (bulk 1963-2006). Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Pizzi, Filippa T., 1919-. Papers, 1958-2004. State Library of Massachusetts
referencedIn Massachusetts. Governor's Press Office. Photographs, 1909-2003. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's External Relations Office. Governor's correspondence file, 1911-2006 (bulk 1963-2006). Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Massachusetts AFL-CIO Records MS 369., 1908-2009 Special Collections and University Archives, W.E.B. Du Bois Library, University of Massachusetts Amherst
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Scheduling Office. Daily schedules, 1982-2006. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Walter De Vries Papers, 1960-2012, 1960-1972 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn George W. Romney Institute of Public Management collection on George W. Romney, 1942-2007 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Personnel Office. Appointment files, 1800-2007. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Massachusetts. Governor's Chief of Staff. Correspondence, 2004-2006. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Brigham Young University. corporateBody
associatedWith De Vries, Walter. person
associatedWith George W. Romney Institute of Public Management corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Harvard College, Harvard Business School corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Harvard Law School corporateBody
associatedWith Hubbard, Kenneth person
associatedWith Massachusetts AFL-CIO. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Chief of Staff. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's External Relations Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's External Relations Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Legal Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Legislative Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Personnel Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Press Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Press Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Press Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts. Governor's Scheduling Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Pizzi, Filippa T., 1919- person
childOf Romney, George W., 1907-1995 person
associatedWith Ryan, Paul Davis, 1970- person
almaMaterOf Stanford university corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oklahoma. Political Commercial Archive. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Bloomfield Hills MI US
Belmont MA US
Detroit MI US
Le Havre A7 FR
Park City UT US
Subject
Television advertising
Advertising, political
Occupation
Businessmen
Senators, U.S. Congress--Utah
Governor--Massachusetts
Authors
Chief executive officers
Activity

Person

Birth 1947-03-12

Male

Americans

English,

French

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c82swx

Ark ID: w6c82swx

SNAC ID: 5636338