Abbey, Edward, 1927-1989

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American author.

From the description of Edward Abbey's Vox Clamantis in Deserto: Some Notes from a Secret Journal production records, 1988-1989. (University of Arizona). WorldCat record id: 41557904

Edward Abbey was born on January 29, 1927. He grew up in the Allegheny Mountains of Pennsylvania. His first glimpse of the American Southwest was in 1944 when he hitchhiked to Seattle and then to Arizona. After serving as a U.S. Army rifleman in Italy from 1945-1946, he enrolled at the University of New Mexico (UNM), where he earned his B.A. in 1951. While an undergraduate at UNM, Abbey explored the Southwest and began his writing career. Abbey's first novel, Jonathan Troy came out in 1954; his second, The Brave cowboy in 1956. During Abbey's lifetime, twenty-one of his books were published. He died in Arizona on March 14, 1989. He is remembered as a novelist, essayist, naturalist, philosopher, and social critic.

From the description of Manuscripts, 1950-1961 (bulk 1950-1951,1961). (University of New Mexico-Main Campus). WorldCat record id: 39474734

Edward Abbey was a teacher, a writer, an advocate of environmentalism, and a vocal critic of public land policies.

From the description of The Edward Abbey papers. 1954-1980. (University of Utah). WorldCat record id: 440820608

Author of fiction and non-fiction.

From the description of Papers of Edward Abbey, 1947-1990 (bulk 1969-1989). (University of Arizona). WorldCat record id: 27959844

Edward Abbey (1927-1989) was a teacher, a writer, an advocate of environmentalism, and a vocal critic of public land policies. His writings, especially his novel The Monkey Wrench Gang are still used as inspiration by radical environmental groups. His book, Desert Solitaire, is a partial autobiography centering on Abbey's years as a park ranger in southwestern Utah. For a more recent view, see the biography Edward Abbey, A Life, by James M. Cahalan.

From the guide to the Edward Abbey papers, 1954-1980, (J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah)

Edward Abbey was born on 29 January 1927 in Home, Pennsylvania, the eldest son of five children born to Mildred and Paul Abbey. At seventeen, he first hitchhiked across the West on a three month journey. From 1945 to 1946, he served in the U.S. Army in Alabama and Italy.

In 1948, while attending the University of New Mexico, Abbey began work on his first novel, Jonathan Troy (1956). In 1951, he earned a BA in English and Philosophy from that university, and published an article, "Some Implications of Anarchy." That same year Abbey received a Fullbright Fellowship to Edinburgh University. In the early 1950s, he worked as a social welfare case worker in New Jersey and New York.

In 1956, he received a MA in Philosophy from the University of New Mexico; his graduate thesis was titled "Anarchism and the Morality of Violence." The following year, he received a Writing Fellowship at Stanford University.

Abbey worked part-time as a park ranger and fire lookout in the national parks and forests of the southwestern United States. He would continue this work until the 1970s. With the publication of The Monkey Wrench Gang, he was able to devote his time more fully to writing. Abbey gave public readings and presentations at many American colleges and universities, and for the environmental causes and groups he supported. In 1974, he received a Guggenheim Fellowship. During this time, Abbey was "Writer in Residence" at the University of Utah and, later, at the University of Arizona. He taught creative writing at the latter from 1981 onwards, and became a full professor there in 1988.

Abbey died 14 March 1989 in Tucson Arizona at the age of 62. Married five times, he was survived by his wife, Clarke Cartwright Abbey, and his five children.

His selected major novels include: The Brave Cowboy (1956), Fire on the Mountain (1962), Black Sun (1971), The Monkey Wrench Gang (1975), Good News (1980), The Fool's Progress (1988), and Hayduke Lives! (1990). His essays and observations are compiled in Desert Solitaire (1968), The Journey Home (1977), Abbey's Road (1979), Desert Images (1981), One Life at a Time, Please (1987), and Vox Clamantis in Deserto (1989). He produced several travel books Appalachian Wilderness (1970), Slickrock (1971), Cactus Country (1972), and The Hidden Canyon (1978). He contributed to divers college anthologies, and wrote numerous articles and reviews for national and regional publications.

From the guide to the Papers of Edward Abbey, 1947-1990, (University of Arizona Libraries, Special Collection)

Edward Abbey. Photo by Cynthia Farah Haines. Part of the Writers of the Southwest Collection. PICT 986-008.

Edward Abbey was born on January 29, 1927. He grew up in the Allegheny Mountains of Pennsylvania. His first glimpse of the American Southwest was in 1944 when he hitchhiked to Seattle and then to Arizona. After serving as a U.S. Army rifleman in Italy from 1945-1946, he enrolled at the University of New Mexico (UNM), where he earned his B.A. in 1951. While an undergraduate at UNM, Abbey explored the Southwest and began his writing career.

From 1951-1952, Abbey was a Fulbright scholar in Edinburgh, Scotland. He enrolled as a graduate student in philosophy at Yale University in 1952, but lasted only two weeks there. He returned to the West in 1954, and received an M.A. in philosophy from UNM in 1956. His thesis was titled, "Anarchy and the Morality of Violence." Abbeys first novel, Jonathan Troy came out in 1954; his second, The Brave Cowboy in 1956.

Abbey began a career as a seasonal employee for the National Park Service at Arches National Monument, Utah, in 1956. He stayed with the National Park Service for almost 15 years, with positions at Arches, Sunset Crater, Lassen Volcanic National Park, Lees Ferry, Organ Pipe, Coronado National Forest, Grand Canyon North Rim, and Glacier National Park. In 1972, he became manager of Aravaipa Canyon wildlife preserve, near Tucson, where he spent three years.

During Abbeys lifetime, twenty-one of his books were published. His best known works include The Monkey Wrench Gang (1975) and Desert Solitaire: A Season in the Wilderness (1968). The Brave Cowboy was turned into a movie, Lonely are the Brave (1962), which starred Kirk Douglas and Walter Matthau.

Edward Abbey died of a circulatory disorder at his home in Oracle, Arizona on March 14, 1989. As requested, his body was transported deep into the desert in the bed of a pickup truck, where he was buried anonymously, wrapped in his sleeping bag. Edward Abbey was married five times and had five children. Abbey is remembered as a novelist, essayist, naturalist, philosopher, and social critic.

From the guide to the Edward Abbey Manuscripts, 1950-1961 (bulk 1950-1951, 1961), (University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Abbey, Edward, 1927-1989. Manuscripts, 1950-1961 (bulk 1950-1951,1961). University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Cheuse, Alan. Papers of Alan Cheuse [manuscript], 1961-1988. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Edward Abbey Papers, R34. 1., 1968-1989 and undated Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University,
creatorOf Abbey, Edward, 1927-1989. Papers of Edward Abbey, 1947-1990 (bulk 1969-1989). University of Arizona Libraries
referencedIn Wallace Earle Stegner Creative Writing Program : correspondence and manuscripts, 1949-1992 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Review of Contemporary Fiction / Dalkey Archive Press : records, 1980-1988. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn The Review of Contemporary Fiction/Dalkey Archive Press : records, 1980-1990 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
creatorOf Dunaway, David King. David Dunaway Writing the Southwest research and recordings, 1976-2005. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Kirsch, Robert. Robert Kirsch papers, 1979. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Pinacate Peak Summit Register, 1968-1984. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
referencedIn A. B. Guthrie Jr. Papers, 1901-1991 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn John and Ward Hawkins papers, 1937-1981 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries
creatorOf Abbey, Edward, 1927-1989. Edward Abbey's Vox Clamantis in Deserto: Some Notes from a Secret Journal production records, 1988-1989. University of Arizona Libraries
referencedIn Stegner, Wallace, 1909-1993. Creative Writing Program : correspondence and manuscripts, 1949-1992. Stanford University Libraries
referencedIn Cynthia Farah Writers of the Southwest Photograph Collection, 1980-1988 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
creatorOf Harrison, Jim, 1937-. Papers, 1938- [present]. Grand Valley State University
creatorOf Edward Abbey papers, 1954-1980 J. Willard Marriott Library, University of UtahManuscripts Division
creatorOf Jones, Robert F., 1934-. Robert F. Jones papers [manuscript], circa1960-2002. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Guthrie, A. B. (Alfred Bertram), 1901-1991. A. B. Guthrie Jr. Papers, 1901-1991. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Recording of Edward Abbey memorial service, 1989 May 20 [sound recording]. American Primers
referencedIn Jenkins, Starr, 1925-. More than my share : a few flashes of experience / by Starr Jenkins. Newberry Library
referencedIn David Dunaway Writing the Southwest research and recordings, 1976-2005 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
referencedIn Denise Levertov papers from the estate of Mitchell Goodman, circa 1952-1985 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Luna Bergere Leopold Papers, circa 1909-2006, bulk 1931-2006 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Haines, Cynthia Farah, 1949-. Cynthia Farah Writers of the Southwest Photograph Collection [picture]. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Abbey, Edward, 1927-1989. Letter, 1974, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Tolbert, Mildred. Mildred Tolbert Photograph Collection [picture]. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. Deceased members files, [ca. 1884-1985] Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Abbey, Edward, 1927-1989. Vox clamantis in deserto : [some notes from a secret] journal / Edward Abbey. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Papers of Edward Abbey, 1947-1990 University of Arizona Libraries, Special Collection
creatorOf Abbey, Edward, 1927-1989. The Edward Abbey papers. 1954-1980. University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott Library
creatorOf Edward Abbey Manuscripts, 1950-1961 (bulk 1950-1951, 1961) University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abbey, Edward person
associatedWith American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. corporateBody
associatedWith Bagnold, Ralph A. (Ralph Alger), 1896-1990 person
associatedWith Cheuse, Alan. person
associatedWith Dillard, Annie. person
associatedWith Dunaway, David King. person
associatedWith Eastlake, William. person
associatedWith Farah, Cynthia, 1949- person
associatedWith Guthrie, A. B. (Alfred Bertram), 1901-1991. person
associatedWith Haines, Cynthia Farah, 1949- person
associatedWith Harrington, Alan, 1919- person
associatedWith Harrison, Jim, 1937- person
associatedWith Hawkins, John, 1910- person
associatedWith Hawkins, Ward, 1912- person
associatedWith Hoagland, Ted. person
associatedWith Jenkins, Starr, 1925- person
associatedWith John O'Brien person
associatedWith Jones, Robert F., 1934- person
associatedWith Kimball, Clark. person
correspondedWith Kirsch, Robert. person
associatedWith Leopold, Luna B. (Luna Bergère), 1915-2006 person
associatedWith Levertov, Denise, 1923-1997 person
associatedWith Lopez, Barry Holstun, 1945- person
associatedWith Nichols, John Treadwell, 1940- person
associatedWith Rydal Press. corporateBody
associatedWith Stegner, Wallace, 1909-1993. person
associatedWith Tolbert, Mildred. person
associatedWith University of Utah. Libraries. Manuscripts Division. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Arizona
Southwest, New
West (U.S.)
United States
Southwest, New
Subject
Authors, American--20th century
Aphorisms and apothegms
Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences
Authors, American
Authors, American--20th century--Archives
Environmentalists
Desert in literature
Conservation of natural resources--Citizen participation
Manuscripts, American
Authors, American--Southwest, New
Environmental literature--Archival resources
West (U.S.) in literature--Archival resources
Civil disobedience
Environmentalists--United States
Contracts
Environmental Activism
Literature
Environment and Conservation
Occupation
Writer, Prose, Fiction and Nonfiction
Function

Person

Birth 1927-01-29

Death 1989-03-14

Americans

English

Information

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