Bacon, Nicholas, Sir, 1509-1579

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Lord Keeper of the Great Seal.

From the description of Letter signed : Windsor Castle, to William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester, Lord High Treasurer of England, 1563 Oct. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270135723

Bacon was the Lord Keeper of the Seal (1558-1579) during the reign of Elizabeth I of England. He was the father of the philosopher Francis Bacon.

From the description of [Documents] (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 156790058

These papers "once formed part of the Townshend of Raynham collection, which was summarily listed in the Eleventh Report of the Historical Manuscripts Commission (1887), and later dispersed by sale at Sotheby's and elsewhere" -- Prest, Wilfrid. "An Australian holding of Norfolk manuscripts ... ", Norfolk Archaeology v. 37 (1978), p. 121.

From the description of [Two letters to Lord Burghley] : [contemporary copies referring to lease of Redbourne ...]. [1579] (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 222237297

The Sir Nicholas Bacon Collection contains the muniments of title, court rolls, account rolls, rentals, and other documents which came to Sir Nicholas Bacon, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal under Queen Elizabeth and father of Sir Francis Bacon, when he purchased monastic and other lands in the mid-sixteenth century. While numerous families and properties are represented in the Bacon collection, the great majority of the manuscripts are concerned with the Bacons and their holdings in East Anglia and London. Preserving a fine chronological series of manorial court and account rolls spanning, in certain localities, four centuries, the Bacon collection provides an unusually detailed view of the development of English rural and agricultural society.

Much of the material relates to Redgrave Hall, Sir Nicholas Bacon’s chief seat and a former manorial holding of the Monastery of Bury St. Edmunds. Other lands from the Monastery of Bury St. Edmunds acquired by Sir Nicholas were Rickinghall, Wortham, Hindercley, Burgate, and Gislingham, all in Suffolk. Other properties of the Lord Keeper were Mettingham College, Mellis St. Johns, Wiverston, Brandon, Ingham, Tymworth, Plaford in Barnhams, Bramfelde, Parham and others in Suffolk; Stanforde, Stoddy, Stiffkey and Eccles in Norfolk; Markes in Essex; Cheddar in Somerset; various London properties; Gorhamburie in Hertfordshire; and others. Records of the Gorhamburie estate left to Sir Francis Bacon do not occur in the collection, except for occasional references in the Bacon rolls, nor do any documents occur relating to the philosopher-statesman himself.

The Bacon lands, and therefore the Bacon muniments, increased with the marriage of Sir Nicholas, eldest son of Sir Nicholas the Lord Keeper, to Anne, daughter of the Tudor court physician, Sir William Butts. This marriage brought into Bacon control the Norfolk lands of Thornage, Riborough, Culford, etc., and the lands of Foxerth and Pentlowe in Essex and Reydon in Suffolk. These three latter manors had come to the Butts family by marriages with the Bures family, prominent in East Anglia during the Middle Ages. Reydon had previously come to the Bures family by an early sixteenth century marriage with the Reydon family, so that all three families--Butts, Bures, and Reydon--are well represented in the collection.

Another important part of the collection is the papers of Sir Robert Drury, the younger Sir Nicholas’ son-in-law. Finally there are the title deeds connected with the breakup of the Bacon estates in the later seventeenth century, a disintegration which began with the death of Sir Edmund Bacon, the Lord Keeper’s grandson, in 1649, and some papers of Sir John Holt, Chief Justice of the Kings Bench, who subsequently purchased Redgrave. Numerous other persons, families, and properties are represented in the collection, but this description accounts for the main accumulations. The great majority of the manuscripts are concerned with East Anglia and London.

With the approach of the law of Property Act of 1924, the Holt-Wilson family, descendants of Sir John Holt, placed the above described manuscripts for sale with Bernard Quaritch, Ltd., the London book-seller. The collection was listed in Quaritch catalogue No. 380 (December, 1923) as lots 213 and 214. A list made by the antiquary Edmund Farrer formed the basis for the description in the catalogue. Professor C. R. Baskerville of the University of Chicago English Department persuaded the University to acquire the collection and Martin A. Ryerson generously provided funds for its purchase. Professor John M. Manly, Edith Rickert and Lillian Redstone were active in the purchase negotiations. Portions of the Holt-Wilson collection also were acquired by the British Museum, and by Edmund Farrer. Further information on the provenance of the collection may be found in C.R. Bald, Donne and the Drurys (1959).

The tin muniment boxes formerly used for storage at Redgrave Hall arrived with their contents at the University in 1924, and the work of cataloguing was undertaken by Edith Rickert and other members of the English Department who were working concurrently on the Manly-Rickert edition of the Canterbury Tales and the Chaucer life-records. Nearly all of the deeds had been indexed by Rickert by the time of her death in 1936. After her death the collection saw little use for nearly fifteen years until Professor C. R. Bald of the English Department stumbled on a John Donne holograph while searching for an example of sixteenth century handwriting. This discovery led to revived interest in the collection, several books, Ph.D. dissertations, Master’s theses, and the present catalogue.

From the guide to the Sir Nicholas Bacon Collection of English Court and Manorial Documents, 1200-1785, (Special Collections Research Center University of Chicago Library 1100 East 57th Street Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf England and Wales. Privy Council. Letter signed from the Privy Council to Simon Wheler [manuscript], 1566/7 January 13. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf England and Wales. Sovereign (1558-1603 : Elizabeth I). Letters patent from Elizabeth I, Queen of England, to Conrad Schitz [manuscript], 1563 August 26. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf England and Wales. Privy Council. Warrant for payment (fragment) from the Privy Council to the Treasurer, Lord Burghley and the Chamberlain of the Exchequer [manuscript], 1578 November 9. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Abbot, Charles, Baron Colchester, 1757-1829. Scrapbook of autographs, letters, biographies, news clippings and prints of English judges, ca. 1629?- ca. 1873? Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Águila, Juan del, 1545-1602. Miscellany on religion and state affairs, 1559-1601 [manuscript], compiled ca. 1601. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Opera varia : manuscript, [ca. 1125-1200]. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Bacon, Nicholas, Sir, 1509-1579. Letter signed : Windsor Castle, to William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester, Lord High Treasurer of England, 1563 Oct. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf England and Wales. Court of Chancery. Writ of covenant from the Court of Chancery to the sheriff of Suffolk [manuscript], 1561 April 2. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Bacon, Nicholas, Sir, 1509-1579. Sir Nicholas Bacon papers, 1558-1571 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Naunton, Robert, Sir, 1563-1635. Fragmenta regalia, or observations of the late Q[ueen] Elizabeth her times and favourites, [ca. 1640]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Bacon, Francis, 1561-1626. Copy of A device to entertain the Queen, November 17, 1595 [manuscript], ca. 1600. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf England and Wales. Court of Chancery. Writ of covenant from the Court of Chancery to the sheriff of Suffolk [manuscript], 1561 February 18. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Bacon, Nicholas, Sir, 1509-1579. Copy of speeches made by Sir Nicholas Bacon before Parliament, the Star Chamber and elsewhere, 1559-ca. 1580 [manuscript], ca. 1600. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Dudley, Ambrose, Earl of Warwick. Document signed : Newington, addressed to Sir Nicholas Bacon, 1584 Jul. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf England and Wales. Privy Council. Document : Greenwich, 1565 July 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn [Political tracts], [early 17th century]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Fleetwood, William, 1535?-1594. On the history of the Star Chamber [manuscript], 1586/7 February 8. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Townshend, Roger, ca. 1544-1590. Bacon-Townshend collection [manuscript], 1550-1640. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Bacon, Nicholas, Sir, 1509-1579. Copy of speeches made by Sir Nicholas Bacon before Parliament, the Star chamber and elsewhere, 1559-1576 [manuscript], 1600. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Bacon, Nicholas, Sir, 1509-1579. [Documents] Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Bacon, Nicholas, Sir, 1509-1579,. Indenture signed by Nicholas Bacon, his wife Anne, and his son Nicholas : [England], 1565 May 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bacon, Anne Cooke, Lady, 1528?-1610. Autograph signature to indenture, 1565 May 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Naunton, Robert, Sir, 1563-1635. Fragmenta regalia, or many notable observations on Queene Eliz her tymes and favourites, [ca. 1640-65]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Botfield, Beriah, 1807-1863. Letter: 1842 July 17, London, to David Laing / Beriah Botfield. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Bacon, Nicholas, Sir, 1509-1579. [Two letters to Lord Burghley] : [contemporary copies referring to lease of Redbourne ...]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Bacon, Nicholas, Sir, 1509-1579. Autograph signature to fragment of legal document. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bacon, Nicholas, Sir, 1509-1579. Autograph letter signed : Gorhambury [near St. Albans], to his son, Nathaniel Bacon, 1576 Apr. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Sir Nicholas Bacon Collection of English Court and Manorial Documents, 1200-1785 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
creatorOf Bacon, Nathaniel, 1547-1622. Collection of Francis Bacon Library Manuscripts, 1460-1967 (bulk 1510-1650). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Bacon, Nicholas, Sir, 1509-1579. Collection of manuscript documents related to Nicholas and Francis Bacon : England, 1565-1621. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf England and Wales. Privy Council. Document : the Charterhouse, to Edward, 1st baron North, 1561 Jul. 13. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf England and Wales. Sovereign (1558-1603 : Elizabeth I). Letters patent signed from Elizabeth I, Queen of England, to Andrew van Loe, 1568 November 5. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Bacon, Nicholas, ca. 1543-1624,. Draft letter from Sir Nicolas Bacon, bart., to the Lord Treasurer, Lord Burghley [manuscript], 1579 June 1. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Green, Mary Anne Everett,. Autograph letter signed from Mary Anne Everett Green, Gower Street, London, to unidentified recipient [manuscript], 1860 October 19. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Witham, Jo. Manuscript tract volume, [155-]-1623. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Bacon, Francis, 1561-1626. Chancery miscellany, early 17th-century. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf England and Wales. Privy Council. Document : Hampton Court, to the bailiffs of Ipswich, 1560 Nov. 08. Pierpont Morgan Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Allen, Elias, person
associatedWith Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. person
associatedWith Bacon, Anne Cooke, Lady, 1528?-1610. person
associatedWith Bacon family family
associatedWith Bacon, Francis, 1561-1626. person
associatedWith Bacon, Nathaniel, 1547-1622. person
associatedWith Bacon, Nicholas, ca. 1543-1624, person
associatedWith Bayntun, W., person
associatedWith Botfield, Beriah, 1807-1863. person
associatedWith Burghley, William Cecil, Baron, 1520-1598. person
associatedWith Carnaby, John, person
associatedWith Dudley, Ambrose, Earl of Warwick. person
correspondedWith Elizabeth I, Queen of England, 1533-1603 person
associatedWith England and Wales. Court of Chancery. corporateBody
associatedWith England and Wales. Court of Star Chamber. corporateBody
associatedWith England and Wales. Parliament. corporateBody
associatedWith England and Wales. Privy Council. corporateBody
associatedWith England and Wales. Sovereign (1558-1603 : Elizabeth I) corporateBody
associatedWith Fleetwood, William, 1535?-1594. person
associatedWith Great Britain. Parliament. corporateBody
associatedWith Green, Mary Anne Everett, person
associatedWith Gunst, P. van. person
associatedWith Hatton, Christopher, Sir, 1540-1591. person
associatedWith Herbert, William, Sir, 1507-1570, person
associatedWith Manning, Wesley, person
associatedWith Mildmay, Walter, Sir, 1520?-1589. person
associatedWith Naunton, Robert, Sir, 1563-1635. person
associatedWith Owen, Thomas, person
correspondedWith Paulet, Amias, ca. 1532-1588 person
associatedWith Phillipps, Thomas, Sir, 1792-1872, person
associatedWith Redmond, Roland Livingston, 1892-1982, person
associatedWith Werff, Adr. van der. person
associatedWith Witham, Jo. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
Great Britain
Stiffkey (England)
Subject
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1509-12-28

Death 1579-02-20

Britons

English

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