Marshall, James Wilson, 1810-1885

Alternative names

Hide Profile

California Pioneer. Arrived in California in 1845. He selected site for Sutter's Mill at Coloma in May, 1847, and served as superintendent. Marshall discovered gold at Coloma January 24, 1848.

From the description of James Wilson Marshall collection, 1885-1888. (California State Library). WorldCat record id: 58744653

Discoverer of gold in California (1848). Marshall worked for Capt. John Sutter at time of discovery. Lost lands during subsequent Gold Rush and spent remainder of life doing menial work. Collection describes Marshall's property at time of death (1885).

From the description of James Marshall Estate papers, 1885-1886. (University of the Pacific). WorldCat record id: 34940821

James Wilson Marshall was born in New Jersey in 1810. Reaching adulthood, he moved west, and in 1844 joined a wagon train bound for California. Arriving at Fort Sutter in 1845, he purchased land there, and eventually entered into a partnership with John Sutter to construct and operate a sawmill near the Fort, at Coloma, Eldorado County, on the American River. Gold was discovered in the mill raceway on January 24, 1848, and within a few months thousands were streaming into the state. The mill itself saw little use, as most men were occupied with panning for gold; Sutter and Marshall saw little profit. Marshall temporarily received a pension from the State, and died in 1885 after spending his later years working as a gardener in the Coloma area.

From the description of James Wilson Marshall account of the gold discovery at Coloma in 1848, circa 1852. ca. 1852. (San Francisco Public Library). WorldCat record id: 314435827

Biography

James Wilson Marshall was born October 8, 1810 at Round Mountain Farm, New Jersey. He arrived in California in 1845 and selected the site for Sutter's Mill at Coloma in May of 1847. Marshall served as superintendent of the mill. He discovered gold at Coloma on January 24, 1848. He was a member of the Bear Flag party and died August 10, 1885.

From the guide to the James Wilson Marshall Papers, 1885-1888, (California State Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Gillis, J. L. (James Louis), 1857-1917. James Gillis and Newton Spencer correspondence regarding James Marshall materials, 1913. California State Library
referencedIn Brame (Herbert) Papers, 1934-1936 University of the Pacific. Library. Holt-Atherton Department of Special Collections
referencedIn Bigler, Henry William, 1815-1900. Diaries of Henry William Bigler, 1846-1900. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Russell, Warren T. (Warren Treat), d. 1949. Chispas by an old miner : typescript, [1947?]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Bigler, Henry W., 1815-1900. Letter, 1891 April 9, St. George, Utah [to] Alexander Stephens. Utah State University, Merrill-Cazier Library
referencedIn Higgins, Samuel M. Letter, 1850 May 6. New England Historic Genealogical Society, NEHGS
referencedIn Gay, Theressa. Theressa Gay papers, 1946-1960. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Raymond, Rossiter W. (Rossiter Worthington), 1840-1918. Rossiter W. Raymond letter to George Frederick Kunz : New York : LS, 1907 Apr. 22. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Marshall, James Wilson, 1810-1885. James Marshall Estate papers, 1885-1886. University of the Pacific, William Knox Holt Memorial Library
creatorOf Marshall, James Wilson, 1810-1885. Map of the American River area of the gold discovery : photostat, 1898 Jan. 23. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Wimmer, Peter L. California's first gold nugget found January, 1848 by James W. Marshall and Peter L. Wimmer at Sutter Mill, American River, as shown by within original documents : mss., 1848-1956. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Eliza Poor Donner Houghton Papers, 1820-1978 The Huntington Library
creatorOf Marshall, James Wilson, 1810-1885. James Wilson Marshall collection, 1885-1888. California State Library
referencedIn Kelley, Margaret A. Margaret A. Kelley papers, 1921-1939. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Hoopes, Chad L. Chad L. Hoopes papers, 196-? UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Marshall, James Wilson, 1810-1885. Autograph. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Parks, Marian. California gold miners, 1848-1850 : Mormons in the Mother Lode, before 1988. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Marshall, James Wilson. 1810-1885. James Wilson Marshall account of the gold discovery at Coloma in 1848, circa 1852. San Francisco Public Library, Main Library
referencedIn Bigler, Henry William, 1815-1900. Diary of a Mormon in California ..., 1872. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Bayley, Thomas S. Recollections of California during the Gold Rush, [ca. 1900]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf James Wilson Marshall Papers, 1885-1888 California State Library
referencedIn Honeyman, Robert B. Autograph of James W. Marshall. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Crosby, Elisha Oscar, 1818-1895. Letter : Alameda, Calif., to C. Gibbs, 1893 Oct. 27. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Bayley, Thomas S. person
associatedWith Bigler, Henry W., 1815-1900. person
associatedWith Crosby, Elisha Oscar, 1818-1895. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Gay, Theressa. person
associatedWith Gillis, J. L. (James Louis), 1857-1917. person
associatedWith Higgins, Samuel M. person
associatedWith Hoopes, Chad L. person
associatedWith Houghton, Eliza Poor Donner person
associatedWith Kelley, Margaret A. person
associatedWith Marshall family. family
associatedWith Parks, Marian. person
associatedWith Raymond, Rossiter W. (Rossiter Worthington), 1840-1918. person
associatedWith Russell, Warren T. (Warren Treat), d. 1949. person
associatedWith Sipp, John. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
California--Coloma
Coloma (Calif.)
California
California
United States
Coloma (Calif.)
California
California--American River
American River (Calif.)
Subject
Gold mines and mining--California
Real property--Digests
Autographs
Pioneers--California
Pioneers
Gold mines and mining
Decedents' estates--Records and correspondence
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1810-10-08

Death 1885-08-10

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6b85mv7

Ark ID: w6b85mv7

SNAC ID: 27336541