Scott, George Gilbert, Sir, 1811-1878

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English architect.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to unidentified "Gentlemen", 1864 June 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270633941

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to an unidentified recipient, 1855 Dec. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270633888

Sir George Gilbert Scott was perhaps the premier English architect of his day. He showed promise in his youth, and was able to study and acquire practical experience in designing and building. His earliest efforts were workhouses, but during the prime of his career he worked predominately on churches, both designing and restoring buildings all over England and occasionally on the European continent. He also worked on many secular projects, including the Prince Albert Memorial in Hyde Park and important works at both Oxford and Cambridge. Many future architects worked for him, including his son John Oldrid Scott, who took over his father's practice after his death.

From the description of George Gilbert Scott letters to Edward Thring, 1861. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 62590096

Sir George Gilbert Scott was born in Buckinghamshire, England, in 1811 and showed an early interest in architecture, particularly that of churches. He was brought up in a religious family with evangelical views and apprenticed to James Edmeston, a local architect, in 1827. He later attached himself to two London firms before setting up as an independent architect, with an urgency forced upon him by his father's death, in 1834. He and his clerk of works, W B Moffat, were industrious in finding customers, chiefly of the institutional kind, and for some years specialised in constructing workhouses. However, Scott did manage to design some churches in this period: they lack the flair and originality of his later work. He was introduced to Gothic art properly in the 1840s, and in 1844 won a competition to design St. Nicholas' Church in Hamburg, Germany. From then until the early 1860s he was busy with many commissions, chiefly connected with the building and restoration of churches and cathedrals, most notably at Westminster Abbey, London. He became a member of the Royal Academy in 1861, where he was later professor of architecture, and began work on new government buildings in London. He won a competition in 1864 to design the Albert Memorial but not to design the Albert Hall, and in 1865 began his famous work at St Pancras railway station, London. He was awarded a knighthood in 1872. He died in 1878: his two sons both followed him into the business, and completed projects begun by him, including the University of Glasgow buildings at Gilmorehill, Glasgow, Scotland.

Biographical history prepared by the SCAN project.

From the guide to the Correspondence and ephemera of Sir George Gilbert Scott, 1811-1878, architect, 1865-1931, (Glasgow University Library, Special Collections Department)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Scott, George Gilbert, Sir, 1811-1878. George Gilbert Scott letters to Edward Thring, 1861. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Scott, George Gilbert, Sir, 1811-1878. Autograph letter signed : London, to unidentified "Gentlemen", 1864 June 4. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Royal Architectural Museum Records, 1850-1921 Architectural Association Archives
creatorOf Scott, George Gilbert, Sir, 1811-1878. Letter: 1852 May 21, 20 Spring Gardens [London], to John Britton / Geo. Gilbert Scott. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Newcastle (Clumber) Collection, 1200-1942 The University of Nottingham
creatorOf Scott, George Gilbert, Sir, 1811-1878. Autograph letter signed : [London], to an unidentified recipient, 1855 Dec. 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Copy of'Criticisms of Sir George Gilbert Scott's Design for the Building for the University of Glasgow' by Alexander 'Greek' Thomson (1817-1875), Copy of original 1866 text made in 1966 Glasgow University Library, Special Collections Department
referencedIn Letters of British architects, 1793-1921 Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Parkman family, Edward Twisleton, and Sarah Wyman Whitman additional papers, 1763-1917 (inclusive) 1850-1907 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Barry, Charles, Sir, 1795-1860. Letters of Sir Charles Barry and family, 1824-1898. Getty Research Library
referencedIn Letters of British architects, 1793-1921. Getty Research Library
creatorOf Correspondence and ephemera of Sir George Gilbert Scott, 1811-1878, architect, 1865-1931 Glasgow University Library, Special Collections Department
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Barry, Charles, Sir, 1795-1860. person
associatedWith Britton, John, 1771-1857. person
correspondedWith Getty Research Library corporateBody
associatedWith Newcastle Estate Office, Clumber (Nottinghamshire) person
associatedWith Pelham-Clinton family, Dukes of Newcastle under Lyne of Clumber person
associatedWith Royal Architectural Museum (London, England) corporateBody
associatedWith Thomson, Alexander (1817-1875: architect) person
associatedWith Thring, Edward, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Edinburgh (Scotland)
Great Britain
London (England)
Subject
Architects--19th century--Correspondence
Architecture
Budget contributions
Architects
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1811-07-13

Death 1878-03-27

Britons

English

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