Wilberforce, Samuel, 1805-1873

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English bishop of Winchester.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2) : [London] and [n.p.], to Duncan & Co. and Captain Young, 1820 Mar. 30-1831 June 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270861184

Anglican bishop of Oxford and of Winchester.

From the description of Correspondence, 1790-1872. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20504517

Anglican theologian and Bishop of Oxford Samuel Wilberforce was born at Clapham Common near London, England, on September 7, 1805. He was the son of William Wilberforce, prominent member of Parliament and leader of the anti-slavery movement. Wilberforce was privately educated until 1823, when he enrolled at Oriel College, Oxford, graduating in 1826. He married Emily Sargent on June 11, 1828. In December 1828, he was ordained as an Anglican clergyman.

Though a supporter of the High Church party, Wilberforce separated himself from the Oxford Movement and often disagreed with the tractarians. He was appointed as chaplain to the prince consort in 1841, and subalmoner to the queen in October 1843. Wilberforce was named dean of Westminster in March 1845, and in October Bishop of Oxford.

As a leader of the Church of England he was involved in the major religious controversies of the era, including: the Renn Dickson Hampden Case (1848) and the George Cornelius Gorham Case (1851). The 1851 conversion of his brother-in-law, Henry Edward Manning, and his two brothers, Robert and Henry, to the Roman Catholic Church caused further misgivings about his own loyalty to the Anglican Church.

Wilberforce played key roles in the revival of the powers of the Convocation in 1852. Two years later he established the Theological College at Cuddesdon. He was involved in another controversy in 1861 concerning the Bishop of Natal, South Africa; John William Colenso; and his Commentary on Romans. In 1867 and 1868, Wilberforce served on the Ritualistic Commission, drafted the commission's first report, and moderated the harsh measures against ritualism included in the second report. He was named Bishop of Winchester in 1869. Wilberforce was killed by a fall from his horse on July 19, 1873.

From the description of Samuel Wilberforce letter, 1853. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122552444

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Manuscripts from the Cope collection, relating to Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, c.1655-1889 University of Southampton Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn Henry Adams autograph album, 1833-1939. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Wilberforce, Samuel, 1805-1873. Introduction to The life of Mrs. Godolphin by John Evelyn, [ca. 1847]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Wilberforce, Samuel, 1805-1873. Autograph letters signed (2) : [London] and [n.p.], to Duncan & Co. and Captain Young, 1820 Mar. 30-1831 June 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Body, Charles William Edmond, 1851-1912,. Letters of English and Canadian bishops, 1731-1910. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Diaries of Samuel Wilberforce, 1853-72 Bodleian Library, University of Oxford
referencedIn Wilberforce Family Papers, 1726-[ca. 1900] Bodleian Library, University of Oxford
referencedIn Sidgwick family. Sidgwick family papers 1854-1898. Flugschriften des Fruhen 16 Jahrhunderts
referencedIn Draper, John William, 1811-1882. John William Draper family papers, 1777-1951 (bulk 1860-1882). Library of Congress
creatorOf Wilberforce, Samuel, 1805-1873. Introduction to The life of Mrs. Godolphin by John Evelyn, [ca. 1847]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Wilberforce, Samuel, 1805-1873. Letter, 1844 July 16, Alverstoke Rectory, to an unnamed recipient. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Brooks, Phillips, 1835-1893. Autographed letters and portraits of theologians from the United States and England [manuscript] 1805-1939 (inclusive). University of Oklahoma, Bizzell Memorial Library
creatorOf Wilberforce, Samuel, 1805-1873. Autograph letter signed as Bishop of Oxford : London, to Dr. Nichol, 1846 Aug. 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn William Tallack Correspondence, 1830-1907 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn John William Draper Family Papers, 1777-1951, (bulk 1860-1882) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf Johnston, Clement Dixon, 1895-1979,. Papers collected by Clement Dixon Johnston [manuscript], 1683-1943. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Smith, B. B. (Benjamin Bosworth), 1794-1884. Benjamin Bosworth Smith papers, 1825-1882. Archives of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland
referencedIn Papers, 1693-1917 (inclusive), 1762-1917 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Collection of engravings, [16--]-1939. Flugschriften des Fruhen 16 Jahrhunderts
creatorOf Wilberforce, Samuel, 1805-1873. Correspondence, 1790-1872. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Wilberforce, Samuel, 1805-1873. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1845. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Rumsey, James, b. 1824. To the Lord Bishop of Oxford [microform]. Oxford Movement, Tracterian Pamphlets
creatorOf Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901. Letter signed : [n.p.], to the bishop of Winchester, 1838 May 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Wilberforce, Samuel, 1805-1873. Samuel Wilberforce letter, 1853. Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology
creatorOf Wilberforce, Samuel, 1805-1873. Autograph letter signed : Alverstoke, to an unidentified lady, 1843 Dec. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Transcripts of letter books of Samuel Wilberforce, Bishop of Oxford, mid 20th century (transcripts of 19th century originals) University of Oxford, Bodleian Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Henry, 1838-1918 person
associatedWith Baker, Samuel White, Sir, 1821-1893. person
associatedWith Body, Charles William Edmond, 1851-1912, person
associatedWith Boileau Tollen, G. V., Rev. person
associatedWith Chambers, Walter. person
associatedWith Church of England corporateBody
associatedWith Clarkson, Thomas, 1760-1846. person
associatedWith Colenso, John William, 1814-1883. person
associatedWith Draper, John C. (John Christopher), 1835-1885 person
associatedWith Draper, John William, 1811-1882. person
associatedWith Duncan & Co, corporateBody
associatedWith Evelyn, John, 1620-1706 person
associatedWith Godolphin, Margaret Blagge, 1652-1678. person
associatedWith James, Rajah of Sarawak, 1803-1868. person
associatedWith Johnston, Clement Dixon, 1895-1979, person
associatedWith Labouchere, Henry Labouchere, Baron, 1798-1869. person
associatedWith Mackenzie, Charles Frederick, 1825-1862. person
associatedWith Nichol, John, 1833-1894, person
associatedWith Rigby, Christopher Palmer, 1820-1885. person
associatedWith Ronald Keith Pugh person
associatedWith Rumsey, James, b. 1824. person
associatedWith Russell, John Russell, Earl, 1792-1878. person
associatedWith Sheridan family. family
associatedWith Sidgwick family. family
associatedWith Smith, B. B. (Benjamin Bosworth), 1794-1884. person
associatedWith Tallack, William, 1831-1908 person
associatedWith Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901. person
associatedWith Young, Captain, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
Great Britain
Africa, Eastern
England
Borneo
Africa
Subject
Missions
Parishes
Slavery and the Church
Anglicans
Slave trade
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1805-09-07

Death 1873-07-19

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