Schirra, Wally, 1923-2007

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Wally Schirra (b. Walter Marty Schirra Jr., March 12, 1923, Hackensack, New Jersey-d. May 3, 2007, San Diego, California), astronaut. He was one of the seven Mercury Astronauts named by NASA in April 1959. On October 3, 1962; he piloted the six orbit Sigma 7 Mercury flight; a flight which lasted 9 hours, 15 minutes.

Schirra next served as backup command pilot for the Gemini III Mission and on December 15-16, occupied the Command Pilot seat on the history-making Gemini 6 flight. The highlight of this mission was a successful rendezvous of Gemini 6 with the already orbiting Gemini 7 spacecraft, thus, accomplishing the first rendezvous of two manned maneuverable spacecraft and establishing another space first for the United States. Known as a "text book" pilot, Schirra remained in the spacecraft following his Mercury and Gemini flight and is the first Astronaut to be brought aboard recovery ships twice in this manner.

Schirra was the Command Pilot on Apollo VII, the first manned flight test of the three direction United States spacecraft. Apollo VII began on October 11, 1968, with Command Module Pilot Donn F. Eisele and Lunar Module Pilot Walter Cunningham. He participated in, and executed, maneuvers enabling crew members to perform exercises in transposition and docking and orbit rendezvous with the S-IVB stage from the Saturn IB launch vehicle. The mission completed eight successful tests and maneuvering ignitions of the service module propulsion engine, measured the accuracy of performance of all spacecraft systems, and provided the first effective television transmission of on-board crew activities.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Rocket Garden Dedication with the Mercury Astronauts: Long Version - Interviews with Gordon Cooper, Scott Carpenter, Wally Schirra, and John Glenn United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUT SCHIRRA'S ARRIVAL AT HICKAM AFB, HAWAII
referencedIn Astronauts: Walter Schirra John F. Kennedy Library
referencedIn Security IS...Good Business : with Wally Schirra United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Dec. 26)
referencedIn Apollo 8 Lunar Mission United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Manned Space Flight: A Congressional Presentation United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Dana, Bill, 1924-. Bill Dana papers 1940-2006. Emerson College, Iwasaki LIbrary
referencedIn X-2OA DYNA-SOAR PROGRAM REP0RT, l JULY 1961-30 JUNE 1962 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Papers of John F. Kennedy: President's Office Files. 1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963. Papers of President Kennedy: President's Office Files: Subjects. 1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963. Papers of President Kennedy: President's Office Files: Subjects: Astronauts, Walter Schirra. 1961 - 1963. Telegram, President Mateos to President Kennedy October 3, 1962
referencedIn Seven Astronauts Were Needed for Seven Vital Jobs United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Southwest Region
referencedIn Consolidated Remote Site Trip Report United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Southwest Region
referencedIn [Astronauts] Gordon Cooper, Scott Carpenter, Wally Schirra, and John Glenn: 40th Anniversary of Americans in Orbit United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Dec. 22)
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Audio Recordings. 1942 - 1999. MAN IN SPACE
referencedIn PACIFIC FLEET RECOVERY ACTIVITIES United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 88
referencedIn The World Was There United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn MERCURY ASTRONAUTS DURING WEIGHTLESSNESS TRAINING AT EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, CALIFORNIA United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn MERCURY SPACECRAFT 13 MA-6 JOHN GLENN PARADE IN HAMPTON, VA United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS
referencedIn Richard H. Poff Collection. 1955 - 1960. Motion Picture Films. 1955 - 1960. PROUD CONQUEST; GEMINI VII AND VI
referencedIn Color Photograph File Albums, 1963 - 1995 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn MERCURY SPACECRAFT 18 MA-7 PRELAUNCH, ON BOARD AND POST LAUNCH ACTIVITIES United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Apollo 7 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
editorOf PROJECT MERCURY ASTRONAUTS IN PROCEDURES TRAINER United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Astronauts: Walter Schirra John F. Kennedy Library
referencedIn Photographs of Project Mercury Activities, 1962 - 1963 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Dec. 19)
referencedIn MERCURY ASTRONAUTS VIRGIL GRISSOM AND ALAN SHEPARD TRAINING United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Color Photograph Files Relating to Projects, Astronauts, and Events, 1963 - 1965 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 57
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 88
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronaut Malcolm Scott Carpenter Discussing His Pending Orbital Flight
editorOf Sound Recordings Relating to the Mercury 6 and Mercury 8 Spaceflights, 1962 - 1962 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn PACIFIC FLEET DEPLOYMENT AND POST RECOVERY ACTIVITIES United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 79
referencedIn [Astronauts] Gordon Cooper, Scott Carpenter, Wally Schirra, and John Glenn: 40th Anniversary of Americans in Orbit United States. National Archives and Records Administration
contributorOf FLIGHT OF SIGMA 7 IN RETROSPECT United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. M. Scott Carpenter photograph collection. Boulder Public Library
referencedIn MECURY SPACECRAFT 7 MR-3 ON BOARD PERISCOPE FOOTAGE, AND ASTRONAUT SHEPARD PAST MISSION ACTIVITY United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Records of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 1966 - 2007. Moving Images Relating to Highway Traffic Safety. 1974 - 1986. Safety Belts Work
referencedIn Papers of John F. Kennedy: President's Office Files. 1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963. Papers of President Kennedy: President's Office Files: Subjects. 1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963. Papers of President Kennedy: President's Office Files: Subjects: Astronauts, Walter Schirra. 1961 - 1963. Telegram, President Mateos to President Kennedy October 3, 1962
referencedIn MERCURY-ATLAS 8 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 86
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 85
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. Project Mercury Astronaut Training
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
memberOf Boy Scouts of America corporateBody
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Cunningham, Walter, 1932- person
associatedWith Dana, Bill, 1924- person
associatedWith Eisele, Donn F., 1930-1987 person
memberOf Gemini VI-A (Spacecraft) corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Newark College of Engineering corporateBody
memberOf Project Apollo (U.S.) corporateBody
memberOf Project Gemini (U.S.) corporateBody
memberOf Project Mercury (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Stafford, Thomas P. person
employeeOf United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf United States Naval Academy corporateBody
memberOf United States. Navy corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Hackensack NJ US
La Jolla CA US
Subject
space exploration
Occupation
Astronauts
Naval officers
Aviators
Function

Person

Birth 1923-03-12

Death 2007-05-03

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6912sqn

SNAC ID: 83344214