Baker, Samuel White, Sir, 1821-1893

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Samuel White Baker was born in London and educated in England and Germany. His father, a merchant with the West India Company, wanted his son to follow in his footsteps, but young Samuel chose instead the life of an adventurer. He founded an immigrant colony in Ceylon, published several books on hunting, supervised the construction of a railway connecting the Danube with the Black Sea, and bought a Hungarian slave girl in Bulgaria (whom he rechristened "Florence" and eventually married). She accompanied him on his explorations of Central Africa where information from two other explorers, John Speke and James Grant, led him to discover Albert N'yanza (Lake Albert), through which flows the Nile. Both the Royal Geographical Society and the Paris Geographical Society awarded him gold medals for his journeys, and he was knighted in 1866. In 1869 Sir Samuel commanded a military expedition to the Nile regions of Africa to suppress the slave-trade there and open the way for commerce; for this he was given the rank of pasha and major-general in the Ottoman army. In 1874 he and Lady Baker returned to England where he purchased Sandford Orleigh, an estate in Devon. Baker continued to travel the globe for big-game hunting and for pleasure, wrote a number of books based on his experiences, and corresponded regularly with a number of people on Egyptian affairs. He died at Sandford Orleigh in 1893.

From the guide to the Samuel White Baker Letters, 1866-1869, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

African explorer and traveller.

From the description of Letter, 1888 May 27, [Devon], to Edward D. Peters, Walpole, Mass. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 173965327

English explorer in Africa.

From the description of Autograph letter signed "Baker" : Ismailia, to the Duke of St. Albans, 1873 May 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270870241

British author and traveler.

From the description of Correspondence, 18--. (University of Nevada, Reno). WorldCat record id: 40171108

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Wilberforce, Samuel, 1805-1873. Correspondence, 1790-1872. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Baker, Samuel White, Sir, 1821-1893. Autograph letter signed "Baker" : Ismailia, to the Duke of St. Albans, 1873 May 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Samuel White Baker Letters, 1866-1869 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Antiquarian Maps Collection, 1493 - 1962 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections.
creatorOf Baker, Samuel White, Sir, 1821-1893. Correspondence, 18--. University of Nevada, Reno, Mathewson-IGT Knowledge Center
creatorOf Gordon, Charles George, 1833-1885. Autograph letter signed : Laboré, to Sir Samuel Baker, 1875 Oct. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Baker, Samuel White, Sir, 1821-1893. Letter, 1888 May 27, [Devon], to Edward D. Peters, Walpole, Mass. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Heloise Durant Rose Letters, 1873-1945 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Gordon, Charles George, 1833-1885. Autograph letter signed : Laboré, to Sir Samuel Baker, 1875 Oct. 2. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Train, Russell E., 1920- ,. The Russell E. Train Africana Collection, 1663-1996. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Gordon, Charles George, 1833-1885. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to Sir Samuel Baker, 1874 Nov. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Emin Pasha, 1840-1892. person
associatedWith Gordon, Charles George, 1833-1885. person
associatedWith O'Connor, Richard D., person
associatedWith Peters, Edward D. person
associatedWith Rose, Heloise Durant. person
associatedWith St. Albans, William Amelius Aubrey de Vere Beauclerk, Duke of, 1840-1898, person
associatedWith Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections. corporateBody
associatedWith Train, Russell E., 1920- , person
associatedWith Warner, Virginia, person
associatedWith Wilberforce, Samuel, 1805-1873. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Africa
Sudan
Subject
Explorers and exploration
Occupation
Cartographer
Explorers
Function

Person

Birth 1821-06-08

Death 1893-12-30

Britons

English

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