Hoover, Calvin B. (Calvin Bryce), 1897-1974

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Calvin Bryce Hoover (1897-1974) was an economist, a scholar, and a leader in public service. Hoover was a member of the Duke faculty from 1925 until his retirement in 1966, served as chairman of the Department of Economics from 1937-1957, and Dean of the Graduate School from 1938-1948. Hoover is widely accepted as the founder of the field of comparative economics.

From the description of Calvin B. Hoover papers, 1929-1988 (bulk 1929-1968). (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 55635828

Calvin Bryce Hoover (1897-1974) was an economist, a scholar, and a leader in public service. A member of the Duke faculty from 1925 until his retirement in 1966, Hoover served as chairman of the Department of Economics from 1937-1957, and Dean of the Graduate School from 1938-1948.

Hoover was born in Berwick, Illinois on April 14, 1897. He attended Monmouth College, but his student days were interrupted by World War I. Hoover belonged to the 123rd Field Artillery Regiment, U.S. Army, American Expeditionary Forces, and fought at the battles of St. Mihiel and Meuse Argonne. As a corporal, Hoover left the Army and graduated from Monmouth College in 1922. After a brief stint of farming, Hoover decided on an academic career and received his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin in 1926. He also received Litt.D. degrees from Columbia University and Monmouth College, and a Doctor of Laws degree from Case Western Reserve University.

Hoover came to Duke in 1925 and remained until his retirement in 1966. He was assistant professor (1925-1927), professor of economics (1927-1950), James B. Duke Professor of Economics (1950-1967), and chairman of the Department of Economics and Business Administration (1937-1957).

From 1920 through 1958, Hoover studied, taught and undertook research in the Soviet Union, Germany, Italy, France, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. His long history of government service began in 1933 when he became economic advisor to the Department of Agriculture. During World War II, Hoover was an Office of Strategic Services official for Northern Europe and Poland, and oversaw the invasion of Germany from those areas for the O.S.S.

After the war, as chairman of the German Standard of Living Board and advisor to General Lucius Clay, Hoover prepared the Hoover Report, which established Germany's postwar level of production. He was an active participant in the implementation of the Marshall Plan, and the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development. In 1947, Hoover was awarded the Medal of Freedom.

Professionally, Hoover was a member of the Southern Economic Association, the American Economic Association, the Association for Comparative Economics. He was a fellow of the Royal Economic Society. Hoover served as President of the S.E.A. in 1937 and of the A.E.A. in 1953, the first Southerner so honored. In 1965, Hoover was awarded the A.E.A. Distinguished Fellow Award. His publications were prodigious, with eight books to his credit and one hundred articles.

His books include: Economic Life of Soviet Russia; Germany Enters The Third Reich ; Dictators and Democracies ; International Trade and Domestic Employment ; Economic Resources and Policies of the South ; and The Economy, Liberty, and the State . His autobiography, Memoirs of Capitalism, Communism and Nazism, was published in 1965. He contributed numerous articles to newspapers, magazines and professional journals.

Hoover served as President of the American Economic Association (the first Southerner to attain that distinction), the Comparative Economics Association, and the Southern Economic Association; and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Economic Society. Hoover is widely accepted as the founder of the field of comparative economics. Socially, Hoover was a member of several prestigious clubs, including the Century Club of New York, the Cosmos Club and Gridiron Club, both of Washington, D.C., the Watauga Club of North Carolina, and the Newcomen Society and Question Club of Duke University.

Hoover married Faith Miriam Sprole in 1919. They had two daughters, Carol Faith and Sylvia Joan. Hoover retired from Duke University in 1966 and died in 1974.

Parts of the Biographical Note were adapted from Calvin Bryce Hoover, http://www.econ.duke.edu/History/Hoover/hoover.html

From the guide to the Calvin Bryce Hoover Papers, 1922-1970, (University Archives, Duke University)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Kent, Sherman. Sherman Kent papers, 1763-1991 (inclusive), 1918-1986 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn White, Newman Ivey, 1892-1948. Newman I. White papers, 1915-1948. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Hoover, Calvin B. (Calvin Bryce), 1897-1974. Calvin B. Hoover papers, 1929-1988 (bulk 1929-1968). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Hoover, Calvin B. (Calvin Bryce), 1897-1974. Calvin B. Hoover papers, 1929-1988. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Calvin Bryce Hoover Papers, 1922-1970 University Archives, Duke University.
creatorOf Hoover, Calvin B. (Calvin Bryce), 1897-1974. Letter to Cyril Clemens. Durham, NC. 1949 Aug. 17. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1926-1977 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Records of the Farm Service Agency. 1904 - 1983. Office Files of the Consulting Economist
referencedIn Sherman Kent papers, 1763-1991, 1918-1986 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Hoover, Calvin B. (Calvin Bryce), 1897-1974. Calvin B. Hoover papers, 1929-1988 (bulk 1929-1968). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn William Baskerville Hamilton Papers, 1700-1975 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Clemens, Cyril, 1902-1999, person
associatedWith Duke University corporateBody
associatedWith Duke University. Dept. of Economics. corporateBody
associatedWith Duke University. Graduate School. corporateBody
correspondedWith Fuller, Lon L., 1902- person
associatedWith Hamilton, William Baskerville, 1908-1972 person
associatedWith Hoover, Calvin B. (Calvin Bryce), 1897-1974. person
associatedWith Kent, Sherman. person
associatedWith Kent, Sherman, 1903- person
associatedWith United States. Office of Strategic Services. corporateBody
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith White, Newman Ivey, 1892-1948. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Europe
Southern States
Soviet Union
Germany
United States
Subject
Communism
Economists
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects
Reconstruction (1939-1951)
Economic history
Economics
Comparative economics
Economists--Correspondence
Economics--Study and teaching (Higher)
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1897-04-14

Death 1974-06-23

Americans

English

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