Lansbury, George, 1859-1940

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Rt Hon George Lansbury, 1859-1940, left school at the age of fourteen and worked as a clerk, a wholesale grocer and in a coffee bar before starting his own business as a contractor for the Great Eastern Railway. In 1884 he emigrated to Australia with his wife and children, but did not find the experience satisfactory, returning home in 1885 to enter his father-in-law's timber merchant business. Lansbury was involved in politics from an early age, first as an active Radical and then as a Socialist. He became a borough councillor in Poplar in 1903 and Labour MP of Bow and Bromley in 1910. In 1912, he resigned to fight the seat as an Independent and a supporter of suffrage for women. He was re-elected in 1922 and held the position of leader of the Labour Party from 1931 to 1935. Lansbury was greatly interested in the causes and prevention of poverty and unemployment. He was a member of the Central Unemployed Body for London and also a member of the Royal Commission on Poor Law, where he signed the minority report. In 1929 he became the first Commissioner of Works and also established the first Poor Law Labour Colony and the first Labour Colony for the Unemployed (apart from the Poor Law and under public control) at Hollesley Bay. He was also a founder of the Daily Herald and its editor from 1919 to 1923.

From the guide to the LANSBURY, George, 1859-1940, Labour politician, 1877-1940, (British Library of Political and Economic Science)

British Labour Party leader.

From the description of Letters : London, to Laurence Housman, Street, Somerset, 1929 Sept. 12 and 1938 Mar. 2 and Mar. 4. (Bryn Mawr College). WorldCat record id: 25352311

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn LANSBURY GEORGE 1859-1940 LABOUR POLITICIAN, 1925 British Library of Political and Economic Science
creatorOf Lansbury, George, 1859-1940. Autographed program when he addressed the National Emergency Peace Compaign at Hartford, Conn. [manuscript] 1936 May 6. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf LANSBURY, George, 1859-1940, Labour politician, 1877-1940 British Library of Political and Economic Science
creatorOf Labour Defence Council. Letter to Jay R. Benton, 21 October 1925. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Lansbury, George, 1859-1940. Letters : London, to Laurence Housman, Street, Somerset, 1929 Sept. 12 and 1938 Mar. 2 and Mar. 4. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
referencedIn Papers of Major David Graham Pole, 1915-1941 Borthwick Institute, University of York
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Housman, Laurence, 1865-1959. person
associatedWith Labour Defence Council. corporateBody
associatedWith Labour Party corporateBody
associatedWith Leigh, Claude M, fl 1929 person
associatedWith Limit Print and Publishing Co Ltd corporateBody
associatedWith Major David Graham Pole person
associatedWith Metropolitan Housing Corporation Ltd corporateBody
associatedWith Metropolitan Police corporateBody
associatedWith Postgate, Raymond William, 1896-1971 person
associatedWith Rhoda Vickers person
associatedWith Victoria House Printing Co Ltd corporateBody
associatedWith War Resisters' International. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
India South Asia
London England
Maplescombe Valley Kent England
Poor Law administration
Political science
World War, 1914-1918--Armistices--Anniversaries, etc
Medical sciences
Social security
Social service
Local government
Educational finance
Visual materials
Building standards
Economics of education
Construction engineering,
Public administration
Building design


Birth 1859-02-21

Death 1940-05-07



Ark ID: w6709sv4

SNAC ID: 62847771