Lowth, Robert, 1710-1787

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Robert Lowth was born in England on November 27, 1710, the youngest son of Dr. and Mrs. William Lowth. He entered Winchester College in 1722 and received a scholarship to New College, Oxford, in 1729. Lowth graduated from Oxford taking the B.A. in 1733 and the M.A. in 1737. In 1735 Lowth had entered the Anglican Church and was appointed vicar of Overton, Hampshire. He remained at this position until 1741 when he was appointed professor of poetry at Oxford. During his tenure at Oxford, Lowth acquired a notable reputation for his lectures on Hebrew poetry. These lectures were the basis for his work "Praelectiones Academicae de Sacra Poesi Hebraeorum" which was published in 1753. Owing to this publication, Oxford University awarded him a D.D. in 1754. In 1750 he was appointed archdeacon of Winchester and rector of East Woodhay in 1753. At this time he resigned the professorship of poetry at Oxford. Lowth married Mary, daughter of Lawrence Jackson of Christ-Church, Hamptonshire, in 1752. He became a fellow of the Royal Societies of London and Gottingen in 1765. He was consecrated bishop of St. Davids in 1766, however, before the end of the year he was transferred to the see of Oxford. He remained there until 1777 when he was created Bishop of London as well as dean of the chapel royal and privy councillor. In 1783 he was offered the archbishopric of Canterbury which he declind due to failing health. Lowth died on November 3, 1787.

From the description of Robert Lowth letter, 1781 Feb. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122570902

Robert Lowth was a grammarian and bishop of London (Eng.).

From the description of Letters from various correspondents, 1766-1782. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 82798791

Epithet: Archdeacon of Winchester, afterwards Bp. of St. David's (1766), Oxford (1766), and London (1777-1787)

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000630.0x00039d

Robert Lowth was a grammarian and bishop of London during the period of the American Revolution.

From the guide to the Robert Lowth letters from various correspondents, 1766-1782., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Letters of Samuel Johnson, LL.D., collected and edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1413-1900 (inclusive), 1775-1839 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Lowth, Robert, 1710-1787. Autograph letter signed : Cuddesdon, 1775 Oct. 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Lowth, Robert, 1710-1787. Autograph letter signed, 1768 Jan. 4. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Papers of Robert Lowth, Bishop of London, 1702-94 Bodleian Library, University of Oxford
referencedIn Miscellaneous verses, [ca. 1730-1742]. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Kennicott, Benjamin, 1718-1783. Autograph letter signed : to Bishop Lowth, 1781 May 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Scrapbook, 1724-1807. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Joseph Spence papers, 1649-1859, 1739-1768 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Robert Lowth letters from various correspondents, 1766-1782. Houghton Library.
referencedIn George Henry Glasse correspondence, 1757-1808 (inclusive), 1778-1808 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn The life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. : including a journal of a tour to the Hebrides, extra-illustrated, 1711-1834 (inclusive). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Lowth, Robert, 1710-1787. Autograph letter signed : Fareham, 1777 Jul. 28. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Collection of engravings, [16--]-1939. Flugschriften des Fruhen 16 Jahrhunderts
creatorOf George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820. Document signed : [London], to Councillor Robert [Lowth], Lord Bishop of London, 1785 Feb. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Lowth, Robert, 1710-1787. Autograph letter signed : Farnham, to Mr. Raffles, 1777 July 31. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Lowth, Robert, 1710-1787. Robert Lowth letter, 1781 Feb. 9. Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology
creatorOf Whitehead, William, 1715-1785. William Whitehead poem addressed to Robert Lowth, circa 1758. Flugschriften des Fruhen 16 Jahrhunderts
referencedIn Letter to Edward Pearson., October 25, 1766 University of Kansas Kenneth Spencer Research Library Department of Special Collections
creatorOf Lowth, Robert, 1710-1787,. Letters from various correspondents, 1766-1782. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Holcombe, George, 1724 or 5-1789. [Letter to Edward Pearson] University of Kansas Archives / MSS / Rare Books, Kenneth Spencer Research Library
creatorOf Lowth, Robert, 1710-1787. Hannae Morae [manuscript], 1781 February 16. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn George Henry Glasse correspondence, 1757-1808 (inclusive), 1778-1808 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn HAI D. HIERAI HAI TON TOU IESOU CHRISTOU HISTORIAI, [18th century]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Spence, Joseph, 1699-1768. Joseph Spence papers, 1649-1859 (bulk 1739-1768). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Lowth, Robert, 1710-1787. Autograph letter signed : Duke St., to an unidentified correspondent, 1776 May 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Vol. VII. (ff. 216). CORRFSPONDENCE with various persons, chiefly on antiquarian subjects; 20 Feb. 174-29 Oct. 1770, and n. d. At the end (f. 210) is a letter from Elizabeth Collignon to Mrs. Astle, 10 Jan. 1786; and one from Charles Gray Round, M.P.... British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Benezet, Anthony, 1713-1784 person
associatedWith Boswell, James, 1740-1795 person
associatedWith Chandler, Thomas Bradbury, 1726-1790 person
associatedWith George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820. person
correspondedWith Glasse, George Henry, 1761-1809 person
associatedWith Hartley, Leonard Lawrie, 1816-1883 person
associatedWith Holcombe, George, 1724 or 5-1789. person
associatedWith Holcombe, George, circa 1714-1789 person
associatedWith Inglis, Charles, bp. of Nova Scotia, 1734-1816 person
correspondedWith Johnson, Samuel, 1709-1784 person
associatedWith Kennicott, Benjamin, 1718-1783. person
associatedWith More, Hannah, 1745-1833 person
associatedWith Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804. person
associatedWith Raffles, Mr, person
associatedWith Robert Lowth, bp. of London person
associatedWith Spence, Joseph, 1699-1768. person
associatedWith Walter, C. person
associatedWith Whitehead, William, 1715-1785. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
England
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Clergy
Theology, Doctrinal
Occupation
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Person

Birth 1710-11-27

Death 1787-11-03

Britons

English

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