Walcott, Mary Vaux, 1860-1940

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Mary Morris Vaux Walcott was born on July 31, 1860. She was educated at the Friends Select School of Philadelphia. In 1914, she married Charles Doolittle Walcott, an invertebrate paleontologist who discovered fossils in Burgess Shale in British Columbia, and served as the secretary of the Smithsonian Institute from 1907 to 1927. In 1927, both her brother, George Vaux, Jr. and her husband died. Following her brother’s death, Mary M.V. Walcott was appointed to the Board of Indian Commissioners, serving until 1932. Mary M.V. Walcott was an artist and naturalist known for her watercolor paintings of wildflowers. An avid mountain climber, in 1900 she was the first woman to climb Mt. Stephens in British Columbia. She also joined the Society of Woman Geographers, and was elected president in 1933. She died on August 22, 1940 in New Brunswick, Canada at the age of 80.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Vaux family papers, Bulk, 1912-1932, 1708-1995 Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections
referencedIn Walcott, Mary Vaux, 1860-1940. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Samuel A. Elliot collection, 1927-1935. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Samuel A. Elliot collection, 1927-1935. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn United States. Board of Indian Commissioners. Correspondence, 1929-1930. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933. William Henry Holmes artists' files, 1879-1932. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Walcott, Mary Vaux : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Cadbury, Richard, 1825-1897. Morris-Shinn-Maier collection, 1720-1975. Haverford College Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Friends Service Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Elliot, Samuel A. person
associatedWith Friends Historical Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933. person
associatedWith Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends. Indian Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Samuel A., Elliot. person
associatedWith Society of Friends. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Board of Indian Commissioners. corporateBody
memberOf Vaux family family
associatedWith Vaux, George, III, 1909-1996 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
West (U.S.)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Indians of North America--Government relations
Quaker women
Native Americans


Birth 1860-07-31

Death 1940-08-22


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SNAC ID: 33492028