Ward, Henry Baldwin, 1865-1945

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Henry Baldwin Ward was a teacher and zoologist.

From the description of Correspondence, 1859-1942. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122364943

Henry Baldwin Ward was an instructor and zoologist, frequently remembered as the "father of American parasitology." His distinguished scientific career at the University of Nebraska (1893-1909) and the University of Illinois (1909-1933) was characterized by scholarly publication and research of invertabrate life forms.

From the description of Papers, 1888-1942 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173465960

Henry Baldwin Ward, zoologist, was born on 4 Mar. 1865; he married Harriet Blair in 1894. Ward died on 30 Nov. 1945.

Ward received a Ph.D. from Harvard University, 1892, and an Sc.D. from the University of Cincinnati, 1920. He joined the zoology faculty of the University of Nebraska in 1893 and later became dean of the College of Medicine. From 1909 until his retirement in 1933, he was Professor of Zoology at the University of Illinois. Henry Baldwin Ward was the founder and editor of the Journal of Parasitology.

From the description of Leidy as a parasitologist : typescript, [1923?] / Henry B. Ward. (College of Physicians of Philadelphia). WorldCat record id: 122589746

A zoologist and educator, Henry Baldwin Ward (1865-1945) is remembered as the "father of American parasitology." Born in Troy, New York, Ward was raised in a scientifically-inclined family that included his father, Richard Halsted Ward, a microscopist and physician, and aunt, Anna Lydia Ward, an explorer and lecturer. After receiving his A.B. from Williams College in 1885, and three years of teaching science in the local high school, Ward pursued postgraduate study in Germany, spending time at the Universities of Gottingen, Freiburg, and Leipzig, working as well at three of the most advanced marine biological stations in Europe at Naples, Ville-Franche-sur-Mer, and Helgoland. At Leipzig, Ward came particularly under the influence of Rudolph Leuckart, who is often credited as being the founder of the science of parasitology, and a noted expert on Pentastomium, Taenia, and Trichina spiralis . Resolving to establish a parasitological research facility in the United States to match Leuckart's, Ward returned home in 1890, and completed his doctorate at Harvard in 1892.

After a year as instructor at the University of Michigan, Ward moved to the University of Nebraska in 1893, earning promotion to become the first Dean of the College of Medicine in 1902 on the strength of a string of publications in parasitology. Ward's tenure at the medical school, however, came to an abrupt end in 1909, when political divisions over the decision to move the medical college at Lincoln to join the Omaha Medical College led his to resign. He quickly joined the faculty at the University of Illinois as head of the Department of Zoology, where he remained until his retirement in 1933. At Urbana, he was able to establish a full-fledged parasitological laboratory, and under his leadership, Illinois became the first school in the country to offer graduate education in the field.

Ward's influence on American parasitology is hard to overestimate. In 1914, he founded the Journal of Parasitology, serving as its editor until 1932, and with his colleagues Stephen A. Forbes and William Trelease, he initiated the important series of Illinois Biological Monographs. In his own research, Ward focussed on parasites of the human eye, the spread of the fish tapeworm, and parasitic diseases, but as an early student of ecology, he took a broad interest in limnology and ichthyology. Working on the biology of the Great Lakes for the Michigan Fish Commission, and spenduing his summers in the field studying the biology of Alaskan salmon beginning in 1906, Ward was co-author (with George Chandler Whipple) of Fresh-Water Biology (1918), the standard work in the field. He became an early advocate for wildlife and habitat conservation, warning against the effects of water pollution.

A member of a number of scientific societies and conservation groups, Ward was active in the National Wild Life Federation, Izaak Walton League of America (president, 1928-1930), the American Microscopical Society (president, 1905), the American Society of Zoologists (presidebnt, 1912-1914), the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Society of Sigma Xi. He was awarded four honorary doctorates, from the Universities of Cincinnati (1920), Oregon (1932), and Nebraska (1945), and from his alma mater, Williams College (1921). Since 1959, the highest medal awarded by the American Society of Parasitologists is named in his honor. Ward died of a heart attack at the age of 81 in Urbana, Illinois.

From the guide to the Henry B. Ward Papers, 1859-1942, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966. William Ernest Hocking Papers, 1860-1979 Houghton Library
creatorOf Ward, Henry Baldwin, 1865-1945. Henry Baldwin Ward collection of materials. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
creatorOf Wallace, Tom, 1874-1961. Tom Wallace papers, 1925-1960. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Ward, Henry Baldwin, 1865-1945. Papers, 1888-1942 (bulk). American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Davenport, Charles Benedict, 1866-1944. Charles Benedict Davenport papers, 1874-1944. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Mueller, Justus Frederick, 1902-. Papers, 1972-1973. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn Earle Wilbur Dow papers, 1885-1945 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf Ward, Richard Halsted, 1837-1917. Papers of Richard Halsted Ward, 1852-1945. Library of Congress
creatorOf Henry B. Ward Papers, 1885-1960 University of Illinois Archives
creatorOf Henry B. Ward Papers, 1859-1942 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Ward, Henry Baldwin, 1865-1945. Correspondence, 1859-1942. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Ward, Henry Baldwin, 1865-1945. Leidy as a parasitologist : typescript, [1923?] / Henry B. Ward. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Campbell family papers, 1860-1865 and 1879-1949 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn H. S. (Herbert Spencer) Jennings papers, ca. 1893-1947, Circa 1893-1947 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Dow, Earle W. (Earle Wilbur), 1868-1946. Earle Wilbur Dow papers, 1885-1945. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Ellis, Charles Alton, 1876-1949. The Charles A. Ellis Papers, 1911-1946 (inclusive), 1928-1938 (bulk). Purdue University Library
referencedIn Thomas, Lyell Jay, 1892-1977. Papers, 1908-1966. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
creatorOf Severance, Caroline M. Seymour (Caroline Maria Seymour), 1820-1914. Papers of Caroline Maria Seymour Severance, 1830-1980 (bulk) 1860-1914. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Severance, Caroline M. Seymour (Caroline Maria Seymour), 1820-1914. Papers, 1830-1980 The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Manuscripts Department
referencedIn Lucien Howe papers, 1892-1940 (inclusive), 1907-1931 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Faust, Ernest Carroll, 1890-. Papers, 1919-1964. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Alexander, 1835-1910. person
associatedWith Braun, Max person
associatedWith Braun, Max. person
associatedWith Braun, Max, 1892-1945. person
associatedWith Campbell family family
associatedWith Cockerell, Theodore D. A. (Theodore Dru Alison), 1866-1948. person
associatedWith Coulter, John Merle, 1851-1928. person
associatedWith Davenport, Charles Benedict, 1866-1944. person
associatedWith Dow, Earle W. (Earle Wilbur), 1868-1946. person
associatedWith Ellis, Charles Alton, 1876-1949. person
associatedWith Faust, Ernest Carroll, 1890- person
associatedWith Guyer, Michael F. (Michael Frederic), b. 1874. person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
correspondedWith Howe, Lucien, 1848-1928 person
associatedWith Huxley, Julian, 1887-1975. person
associatedWith Jennings, H. S., (Herbert Spencer), 1868-1947 person
associatedWith Leidy, Joseph, 1823-1891. person
associatedWith Leidy, Joseph, 1866- person
associatedWith Möbius, Karl August, 1825-1908. person
associatedWith Moebius, K. person
associatedWith Mueller, Justus Frederick, 1902- person
associatedWith Muir, John, 1838-1914. person
associatedWith Nuttall, George Henry Falkiner, 1862-1937. person
associatedWith Nutting, C.C. person
associatedWith Nutting, Charles Cleveland, 1858-1927. person
associatedWith Seton, Ernest Thompson, 1860-1946. person
associatedWith Severance, Caroline M. Seymour (Caroline Maria Seymour), 1820-1914. person
associatedWith Shipley, A. E. (Arthur Everett), Sir, 1861-1927. person
associatedWith Thomas, Lyell Jay, 1892-1977. person
associatedWith Wallace, Tom, 1874-1961. person
associatedWith Ward, Richard Halsted, 1837-1917. person
associatedWith Weisman, August. person
associatedWith Weismann, August, 1834-1914. person
associatedWith Wood, Casey A. (Casey Albert), 1856-1942. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Trichinella spiralis
Medical education
Zoology Research


Birth 1865

Death 1945




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